The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Josep M. Fontana (1993). Phrase Structure and the Syntax of Clitics in the History of Spanish.

URL: http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~ircs/download/techreports/1993/93-24.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2025&langcode=ydd (2019-05-27).


Example #1:

    b. oyfn veg       vet              dos yingl         zen    a kats
    on-the way     will             the boy           see    a cat
    The boy will see a cat on the way'
Example #2:

    (25) a. az        oyfn veg                 vet   dos yingl         zen      a kats
    that      on-the way               will the boy            see      a cat
    that the boy will see a cat on the way'
Example #3:

    b. nokh epes, vos oyfn hitl iz geven
    still something that on-the hat-DIMIN is been
    something else that was on the little hat'
Example #4:

    c. ...ober der yid vos in Boston hobn mir gezen iz a groyser lamd
    ...but the man whom in Boston have we seen is a great scholar.
    but the man we saw in Boston is a great scholar'
Example #5:

    c. Zey hobn gemeynt, az gefinen veln zey im ba mir
    they have thought that find will they it on me
    They thought that they would find it on me'
Example #6:

    (37) a. Avrom hot Soreni gegebn ti a matone.
    Avrom has Sore given a present
    Avrom gave Sore a present'
Example #7:

    (75) a. hot der yidisher zelner oyfgehoybn dem biks un...
    has the Jewish soldier up-lifted the gun and...
    so the Jewish soldier took his gun and...'
Example #8:

    b. Iz er gegangen in shtot
    is he gone to town
    so he went to town'
Example #9:

    in vald. shteyt er in vald, un vart...
    into the woods, stands he in the woods, and waits...
    there and waited...'
Example #10:

    (i)          Ick bin do, iz er dortn
    I am here, is he there
    I am here, therefore he is there'
Example #11:

    (ii).        Zey hobn beyde gehat gedint in soldatn, hobn zey gekent shisn
    they have both had served in soldiers have they been-able shoot
    They had both served as soldiers, so they knew how to shoot'
Example #12:

    (56)    a.    Ikh bin arayngegangen     un er iz aroysgegangen
    I am in-gone              and he is out-gone
    I walked in and he walked out'
Example #13:

    b.    ikh bin arayngegangen,     iz er aroysgegangen
    I am in-gone,              is he out-gone
    I walked in, so he walked out'
Example #14:

    (57)    a.    Ick bin do, iz er dortn.
    I am here is he there
    I am here, so he is there.'
Example #15:

    (58)          Mayn tate iz geshtorben. Bin ikh geblibn aleyn
    my father has died was I stayed alone
    My father has died. So I was left alone'
Example #16:

    (59)    a.    Haynt iz yontev. (*Es) geyn mentshn.
    today is holiday walk people
    Today is a holiday. So people are walking'
Example #17:

    (60)          Er hot gezen Maxn?
    he has seen Max
    Has he seen Max?'
Example #18:

    (61)    a.    Hot er gezen Maxn?
    has he seen Max
    Has he seen Max?
Example #19:

    b.    Tsi hot er gezen Maxn?
    Q has he seen Max
    Has he seen Max?'
Example #20:

    (62)           *Tsi er hot gezen Maxn?
    Q he has seen Max
    Has he seen Max?'