ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

John Whitman (2001). KAYNE 1994.

URL: http://ling.cornell.edu/people/Whitman/JBW2003Kayne1994.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2055&langcode=jpn (2018-01-21).

 

Example #1:

    (15) a. John   ga    (*wa/*mo/*sae) kita.
    NOM TOP also even came
    "John (TOP/even/also) came."
Example #2:

    b. John dake (ga / wa)        kita.
    only NOM TOP        came
    "Only John came."
Example #3:

    (17) *[Sono hon ga] [Taroo ga [ t ii              to]               omotte iru (koto)
    that book NOM              NOM good COMP                    thinking is fact
    "(that) that book, Taroo thinks is good."
Example #4:

    (18) [Sono hon mo/dake] [Taroo ga [ t ii           to]    omotte iru (koto)
    that book even/only            NOM good COMP thinking is fact
    "(that) even/only that book, Taroo thinks is good."
Example #5:

    (22) [sono hon wa] [Taroo ga [ t ii          to]      omotte   iru (*zizitu)
    that book TOP            NOM good COMP thinking          is    fact
    "(the fact that) that book, Taroo thinks is good."
Example #6:

    (25) Sensyu ni wa kono dai kara ga tobi-nikui.
    athletes DAT TOP this board from NOM jump-hard
    "For the athletes from this board is hard to jump." (Inoue 1978)
Example #7:

    (29) a. John      ga uwagi o        nui-de,   Mary ga       hangaa ni kaketa.
    NOM coat ACC take.off-GER         NOM hanger on hung
    "John took off his coat, and Mary hung it on the hanger." (Kuno
Example #8:

    (32) Bunmeikoku no         dansei no heikin-zyumyoo ga            mizikai.
    civilized.country GEN male GEN average-lifespan NOM short
    "It the average lifespan of men in civilized countries that is short."
Example #9:

    (35) Kakaru miti a         ikade ka [imas-uru ] (Ise Monogatari 9)
    this.kind road TOP how Q go(HON)-ATT
    "How did (you) come to be on such a road as this?"
Example #10:

    aamu] to            obos-u (Taketori Monogatari)
    marry      COMP think-ATT
    person that has t?"
Example #11:

    (41) Kono yoo na miti wa doosite otoori nasaimasu ka
    this kind be road TOP how                travel HON                     Q
    "How do you come to be travelling such a road as this?"