ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Law, Ann (2003). Right Dislocation in Cantonese as a focusmarking device.

URL: http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/publications/WPL/03papers/law.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2104&langcode=yue (2018-01-21).

 

Example #1:

    b. zukkau zaa3 Billy zungji tai _
    football SFP Billy like         watch
    `Billy only likes to watch football (not cricket).'
Example #2:

    (12) *cin     lo1 Billy mou zeonsau keoi jiu zeonsi waan _ ge singnok
    money SFP Billy not obey s/he must on-time return GE promise
    `Billy broke the promise that he would return the money on time.'
Example #3:

    (13) *hokfai lo1 keoi zou loeng fan gung janwai jiu            bong sailou gaau _
    fee       SFP s/he do two CL work because have-to help brother pay
    `S/he has two jobs because s/he has to pay the tuition fees for his/her brother.
Example #4:

    (14) *jisang laa3 keoi waa m soeng zou _ zanhai giksei keoi aamaa
    doctor SFP s/he say not want do really irritate her/his mother
    `That s/he says s/he doesn't want to be a doctor really irritates his/her mother
Example #5:

    (15) a. Billyi hou gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3
    Billy very care-about self CL student SFP
    `Billyi cares about hisi students.'
Example #6:

    b. hou gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 Billyi
    very care-about self CL student SFP Billy
    `Billyi cares about hisi students.'
Example #7:

    c. zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 Billyi hou gwaansam
    self CL student SFP Billy very care-about
    `Billyi cares about hisi students.'
Example #8:

    (16) a. Maryi waa Jennyj hou zungji zigeii/j aa3
    Mary say Jenny very like              self SFP
    `Maryi said Jennyj liked herself i/j.'
Example #9:

    b. zigeii/j aa3 Maryi waa Jennyj hou zungji
    self     SFP Mary say Jenny very like
    `Maryi said Jennyj liked herselfi/j.'
Example #10:

    c. hou zungji zigeii/j aa3 Maryi waa Jennyj
    very like    self     SFP Mary say Jenny
    `Maryi said Jennyj liked herself i/j.'
Example #11:

    (17) a. Maryi waa Jennyj hou zungji keoizigei*i/j aa3
    Mary say Jenny very like              him/herself SFP
    `Maryi said Jennyj liked herself *i/j.'
Example #12:

    b. hou zungji keoizigei*i/j aa3 Maryi waa Jennyj
    very like    him/herself SFP Mary say Jenny
    `Maryi said Jennyj liked herself *i/j.'
Example #13:

    c. keoizigei*i/j aa3 Maryi waa Jennyj hou zungji
    him/herself SFP Mary say Jenny very like
    `Maryi said Jennyj liked herself *i/j.'
Example #14:

    (19) a. muigo sinsaangi dou hou gwaansam keoii di hoksaang gaa3
    every teacher all very care-about his CL student SFP
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi students.'
Example #15:

    b. dou hou gwaansam keoii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi
    all very care-about his CL student SFP every teacher
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi students.'
Example #16:

    c. hou gwaansam keoii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou
    very care-about his CL student SFP every teacher all
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi students.'
Example #17:

    d. ??keoii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou hou gwaansam
    his CL student SFP every teacher all very care-about
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi students.'
Example #18:

    (20) a. muigo sinsaangi dou gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3
    every teacher all care-about self CL student SFP
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi own students.'
Example #19:

    b. dou gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi
    all care-about self CL student SFP every teacher
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi own students.'
Example #20:

    c. gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou
    care-about self CL student SFP every teacher all
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi own students.'
Example #21:

    d. zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou gwaansam
    self CL student SFP every teacher all care-about
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi own students.'
Example #22:

    (21) a. muigo      sinsaangi dou gwaansam keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3
    every     teacher all care-about him/herself CL student SFP
    `Every   teacher i cares about hisi own students.'
Example #23:

    b. dou gwaansam keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sin saangi
    all care-about him/herself CL student SFP every teacher
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi own students.'
Example #24:

    c. gwaansam keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou
    care-about him/herself CL student SFP every teacher all
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi own students.'
Example #25:

    d. keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou gwaansam
    him/herself CL student SFP every teacher all care-about
    `Every teacher i cares about hisi own students.'
Example #26:

    (22) a. muigo sinsaangi dou zinghai gwaansam keoii di hoksaang gaa3
    every teacher all only care-about his CL student SFP
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi students.'
Example #27:

    b. ?dou zinghai gwaansam keoii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi
    all only care-about his CL student SFP every teacher
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi students.'
Example #28:

    c. zinghai gwaansam keoii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou
    only care-about his CL student SFP every teacher all
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi students.'
Example #29:

    d. ?gwaansam keoii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou zinghai
    care-about his CL student SFP every teacher all only
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi students.'
Example #30:

    e. ??keoii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou zinghai gwaansam
    his CL student SFP every teacher all only care-about
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi students.'
Example #31:

    (23) a. muigo sinsaangi dou zinghai gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3
    every teacher all only care-about self CL student SFP
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #32:

    b. dou zinghai gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi
    all only care-about self CL student SFP every teacher
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #33:

    c. zinghai gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou
    only care-about self CL student SFP every teacher all
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #34:

    d. gwaansam zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou zinghai
    care-about self CL student SFP every teacher all only
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #35:

    e. zigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou zinghai gwaansam
    self CL student SFP every teacher all only care-about
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #36:

    (24) a. muigo      sinsaangi dou zinghai gwaansam keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3
    every     teacher all only care-about him/herself CL student SFP
    `Every   teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #37:

    b. dou zinghai gwaansam keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi
    all only care-about him/herself CL student SFP every teacher
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #38:

    c. zinghai gwaansam keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou
    only care-about him/herself CL student SFP every teacher all
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #39:

    d. gwaansam keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou zinghai
    care-about him/herself CL student SFP every teacher all only
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #40:

    e. keoizigeii di hoksaang gaa3 muigo sinsaangi dou zinghai gwaansam
    him/herself CL student SFP every teacher all only care-about
    `Every teacher i cares only about hisi own students.'
Example #41:

    (25) a. fung singkeijat jau gei go pangjau lei taam Wong taai gaa3 (=(80a))
    every Sunday have few CL friend come visit Wong Mrs. SFP
    `Every Sunday, some friends come to visit Mrs. Wong.'
Example #42:

    b. jau gei go pangjau fung singkeijat lei taam Wong taai gaa3(=(80b))
    have few CL friend every Sunday come visit Wong Mrs. SFP
    `Several friends come to visit Mrs. Wong every Sunday.'
Example #43:

    (26) a. jau gei go pangjau lei taam Wong taai gaa3 fung singkeijat(=(81a))
    have few CLfriend come visit Wong Mrs. SFP every Sunday
    `Every Sunday, some friends come to visit Mrs. Wong.'
Example #44:

    b. fung singkeijat lei taam Wong taai gaa3 jau gei go pangjau (=(81b))
    every Sunday come visit Wong Mrs. SFP have few CL friend
    `Several friends come to visit Mrs. Wong every Sunday.'
Example #45:

    (27) a. muigo hoksaang dou bei jat go sinsaang gaau                gwo gaa3
    every student all by one CL teacher teach                  EXP SFP
    `Every student is taught by a teacher.'
Example #46:

    b. bei jat go sinsaang gaau gwo gaa3 muigo hoksaang dou
    by one CL teacher teach EXP SFP every student all
    `Every student is taught by a teacher.'
Example #47:

    (28) a. keoi zinghai heoi faantong wan Aaming lo4/zaa3
    s/he only go canteen find Aaming SFP
    `S/he only went to the canteen to find Aaming.'
Example #48:

    (29) a. keoi ze     cin   maai lau aa1maa3
    s/he borrow money buy flat SFP
    `S/he borrowed money to buy a flat.'
Example #49:

    (30) a. ngo zinghai sung zo loeng gin saam bei keoi                    lo4
    I     only give ASP two        CL clothes to him/her           SFP
    `I only gave two clothes to him/her.'
Example #50:

    (31) a. Aaming sik     dak Aafan wo3
    Aaming know PRT Aafan SFP
    `Aaming knows Aafan.'
Example #51:

    (32) a. Aafan jau Baalai heoi zo Saibaanngaa lo3wo3
    Aafan from Paris go ASP Spain       SFP
    `Aafan went to Spain from Paris.'
Example #52:

    (33) a. ngodei hai ukkei tai syu       zi1maa3
    we     at home read book SFP
    `We were only reading books at home.'
Example #53:

    (34) a. keoi siusamgam se go fung seon               wo3
    s/he carefully    writethat CL letter        SFP
    `S/he carefully wrote the letter.'
Example #54:

    (35) a. Billy sung zo loeng go daangou lai  aa3
    Billy send ASP two CL cake     come SFP
    `Billy sent two cakes here.'
Example #55:

    b. loeng go daangou aa3 Billy sung            zo _ lai
    two     CL cakes       SFP Billy send      ASP come
    `Billy sent two cakes here.'
Example #56:

    (36) a. Billy daai zo loeng bun syu            zau aa3
    Billy take ASP two    CL book          go SFP
    `Billy took away two books.'
Example #57:

    b. loeng bun syu aa3 Billy daai zo _ zau
    two     CL bookSFP Billy take ASP go
    `Billy took away two books.'
Example #58:

    (37) a. keoi heoi Baalai tai zinlaam aa3
    s/he go Paris see exhibition SFP
    `S/he went to Paris to see the exhibition.'
Example #59:

    b. tai zinlaam aa3 keoi heoi Baalai _
    see exhibition SFP s/he go Paris
    `S/he went to Paris to see the exhibition.'
Example #60:

    (41) a. ngo maai zo bou dinnou lai sungbei keoi lo1
    I    buy ASP CL computer to give to s/he SFP
    `I bought a computer for him/her.'
Example #61:

    b. bou dinnou le1, ngo maai zo _ lai sungbei keoi lo1
    CL computer TOP I       buy ASP to give to s/he SFP
    `The computer, I bought it for him/her.'
Example #62:

    c. bou dinnou lo1 ngo maai zo _ lai sung           bei keoi
    CL computer SFP I        buy ASP to give        to s/he
    `The computer, I bought it for him/her.'
Example #63:

    (42) a. ngo maai zo bou dinnou sung bei keoi lo1
    I    buy ASP CL computer give to s/he SFP
    `I bought a computer for him/her.'
Example #64:

    (43) jau Baalai aa1maa3 Aafan _ heoi zo Saibaanngaa
    from Paris SFP         Aafan      go ASP Spain
    `Aafan went to Spain from Paris. (Didn't you know?)'
Example #65:

    (44) hai ukkei zi1maa3 ngodei _ daa maazoek
    at home SFP         we      hit mahjong
    `We only play mahjong at home .'
Example #66:

    (45) tautaudeigam aa3 keoi _ zaujap go cyufong tau je sik
    secretly     SFP s/he enter CL kitchen steal thingeat
    `S/he sneaked into the kitchen to steal food.'
Example #67:

    (46) ?zoek jyulau go go naamjan aa1maa3 _ laudai zo go peigip haidou
    wear raincoat that CL man         SFP        leave ASPCL suitcase here
    `The man who wore a rainco at left a suitcase here.'
Example #68:

    (51) syu, Billy tai zo loeng bun laa3                [Cantonese]
    book Billy read ASP two CL SFP
    `Billy read two books.'
Example #69:

    (55) a. syu aa3 Billy tai zo loeng bun _
    bookSFP Billy read ASP two CL
    `Billy read two books.'
Example #70:

    (56) a. syu aa3 Billy tai zo ni bun _
    book SFP Billy read ASP this CL
    `Billy read this book.'
Example #71:

    c. ni bun syu aa3 Billy tai zo _
    this CL book SFP Billy read ASP
    `Billy read this book.'
Example #72:

    (57) a. syu aa3 Billy tai zo ni loeng bun _
    book SFP Billy read ASP this two CL
    `Billy read these two books.'
Example #73:

    d. ni loeng bun syu aa3 Billy tai zo _
    this two CL book SFP Billy read ASP
    `Billy read these two books.'
Example #74:

    (58) a. bun syu lo1 Billy maai zo _
    CL book SFP Billy buy ASP
    `Billy bought the book.'
Example #75:

    b. syu lo1 Billy maai zo bun _
    book SFP Billy buy ASP CL
    `Billy bought the book.'
Example #76:

    (59) a. Billy tai zo Mary maai go bun syu lo1
    Billy read ASP Mary buy that CL bookSFP
    `Billy read the book that Mary bought.'
Example #77:

    b. syu     lo1 Billy tai zo Mary maai go bun _
    book SFP Billy read ASP Mary buy that CL
    `Billy read the book that Mary bought.'
Example #78:

    (60) a. Billy mou zeonsau keoijiu zeonsi waan cin          ge singnok aa3
    Billy not obey s/he must on-time return money GE promise SFP
    `Billy broke the promise that he would return the money on time.'
Example #79:

    (61) a. Billy mou zeonsau go go keoi jiu zeonsi waan cin         ge singnok
    Billy not obey that CL s/hemust on-time return money GE promise
    `Billy broke the promise that he would return the money on time.'
Example #80:

    b. ?singnok aa3Billy mou zeonsau go go keoi jiu zeonsi waan cin ge _
    promise SFPBilly not obey that CL s/he must on-time return money GE
    `Billy broke the promise that he would return the money on time.'
Example #81:

    (62) zukkau lo1 Billy zinghai zungji tai _
    football SFP Billy only        like     watch
    b. # `Billy only likes to watch football (not play football)'
Example #82:

    (63) zukkau zaa3 Billy zungji tai _
    football SFP Billy like     watch
    b. # `Billy only likes to watch football (not play football)'
Example #83:

    (64) Billy zungji tai        ZUKKAU zaa3
    Billy like     watch football SFP
    b. # `Billy only likes to watch football (not play football)'
Example #84:

    (66) zukkau       le1, Billy zinghai zungji tai _
    football TOP Billy only like           watch
    b. `Billy only likes to watch football (not play football).'
Example #85:

    (67) zukkau       le1, Billy zungji tai _ zaa3
    football TOP Billy like watch SFP
    b. `Billy only likes to watch football (not play football).'
Example #86:

    (68) sausi lo1 keoi m zungji zing
    sushi SFP s/he not like      make
    b. # `S/he doesn't like to MAKE sushi (but s/he likes to EAT sushi).'
Example #87:

    (69) keoi m       zungji     zing sausi lo1
    s/he not     like       make sushi SFP
    b. `S/he    doesn't   like to MAKE sushi (but s/he likes to EAT sushi).'
Example #88:

    (70) *Aaming zek1 bingo sik   dak?              (=(95b))
    Aaming SFP who know PRT
    `Aaming, who knows him?'
Example #89:

    (71) A:      nei geisi heoi gwo Holaan?
    you when go ASP Holland
    `When did you go to Holland?'
Example #90:

    B1:    soeng-go-jyut aa1maa3 _ heoi Holaan
    last-month      SFP         go Holland
    `I went to Holland last month.'
Example #91:

    B2:    #heoi Holaan aa1maa3 soeng-go-jyut _
    go      Holland SFP         last-month
    `I went to Holland last month.'
Example #92:

    (72) zou matje aa3 nei heoi Baalai _?
    do   what SFP you go Paris
    `What are you going to Paris for?'
Example #93:

    (73) Baalai aa3 nei heoi-m-heoi _?
    Paris   SFP you go-not-go
    `Are you going to Paris?'
Example #94:

    (74) Baalai me1 nei heoi _?
    Paris   SFP you go
    `Are you going to Paris?'
Example #95:

    (76) zinlaam        aa3 ngo heoi Baalai tai _
    exhibition     SFP I      go Paris see
    `I went to Paris to see an exhibition.'
Example #96:

    (77) ??/*matje aa3 nei sik zo _ ?
    what SFP you eat ASP
    `What did you eat?'
Example #97:

    (78) ??bindou aa3 nei heoi zo _ ?
    where SFP you go ASP
    `Where did you go?'
Example #98:

    (80) dungm at le1, cungsyu aa3 keoi zeoi zungji _
    animal     TOP squirrel SFP s/he best like
    `As for animals, s/he likes squirrels best.'
Example #99:

    (i)       ngo gin        dou    lo3 loeng gaa   baasi          (=(16b))
    I     see      PRT SFP two CL         bus
    `I can see the two buses.'
Example #100:

    (83) a. loulousatsat jiging ding zo gaa3laa3 go zyuzik           wai _
    honestly     already fix ASP SFP          CL president post
    `Honestly, the presidential post has been assigned already.'
Example #101:

    (84) a. houcoi bei zo Billy go sailou              zaa3 go zyuzik      wai _
    luckily give ASP Billy CL younger -brother SFP CL president post
    `Luckily, Billy's younger brother has been elected president.'
Example #102:

    (85) jaudi jan   mou tai saai jisap bun syu aa1maa3
    some person not read all 20 CL bookSFP
    `Some people didn't read all the twenty books.'
Example #103:

    (86) jisap bun syu aa1maa3 jaudi jan          mou tai saai
    20    CL bookSFP          some person not read all
    `Some people didn't read all the twenty books.'
Example #104:

    (89) *cungsyu aa1maa3 keoi zeoi zungji lo1
    squirrel    SFP        s/he best like SFP
    `S/he likes squirrels best.'