ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

ROBINSON, HEATHER MERLE (2005). UNEXPECTED (IN)DEFINITENESS: PLURAL GENERIC EXPRESSIONS IN ROMANCE.

URL: http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~hmr25/hmrdiss.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2129&langcode=fra (2018-01-22).

 

Example #1:

    1.       Les dinosaurs ont disparu.
    def.pl dinosaurs have.3pl disappeared
    `Dinosaurs are extinct.'
Example #2:

    2.       Les cochons mangent des pommes pour le petit déjeuner.
    def.pl pigs eat.3pl indef.pl apples for def.sg.m little lunch
    `Pigs eat apples for breakfast.'
Example #3:

    8.     a.      Le dinosaur a disparu.
    def.sg.m dinosaur have.3sg disappeared.
    `The dinosaur is extinct.'
Example #4:

    9.     a.      Le cochon est un animal intelligent.
    def.sg.m pig is an animal intelligent
    `The pig is an intelligent animal.'
Example #5:

    pommes.
    all def.pl animals of Helen take.3pl def.sg.m lunch. def.sg.m pig eat.2sg indef.pl apples
    `All Helen's animals are having lunch. The pig is eating apples.'
Example #6:

    pommes.
    all def.pl animals of Helen take.3pl def.sg.m lunch. def.sg(m) pig eat.2sg indef.pl apples
    `All Helen's animals are having lunch. The pigs are eating apples.'
Example #7:

    21.      a.       La tortue loggerhead est rare.
    def.sg.f turtle loggerhead be.3sg rare
    `The loggerhead turtle is rare.'
Example #8:

    b.       Les tortues loggerhead sont rares.
    def.pl turtles loggerhead be.3pl rare-pl.
    `Loggerhead turtles are rare.'
Example #9:

    23.      Les filles portent des jupes.
    def.pl girls wear.3pl indef.pl skirts
    `Girls wear skirts.'
Example #10:

    24.      ??La fille porte une jupe.
    def.pl.f girl wear.3sg indef.sg.f skirt
    `The girl wears a skirt.'
Example #11:

    25.      a.       *Un dinosaur a disparu.                  (* on kind-level reading, can only
    indef.sg.m dinosaur have.3pl disappeared.           refer to a taxonomic entity).
    `*A dinosaur is extinct.'
Example #12:

    b.       Les dinosaurs ont disparu.
    def.pl dinosaurs have.3pl disappeared.
    `Dinosaurs are extinct.'
Example #13:

    26.     a.      Une tortue mange des aubergines.
    indef.sg.f turtle eat.3sg indef.pl eggplants
    `A turtle eats eggplants.'
Example #14:

    b.      Les tortues mangent des aubergines.
    indef.sg.f turtle eat.3sg indef.pl eggplants
    `Turtles eat eggplants.'
Example #15:

    b.      ??Babbage a inventé les ordinateurs.
    Babbage have.3sg invent.PST def.pl computers
    `??Babbage invented computers.'
Example #16:

    b.       *Le philatéliste fait collection du timbre.
    def.sg.m philatelist make.3sg collection of-def.sg.m stamps
    `*The philatelist collects the stamp.'
Example #17:

    11.    Apporte-moi ce livre!
    bring.2sg.IMPER pro.1sg.acc dem.sg.m book
    `Bring me that book.'
Example #18:

    14.        Ce chien dort, mais ce chien ne dort pas.
    dem.sg.m dog sleep.3sg, DISJ dem.sg.m dog NEG sleep.3sg NEG
    `That dog is asleep, but that dog isn't.'
Example #19:

    16.        #Le chien dort, mais le chien ne dort pas.
    def.sg.m dog sleep.3sg DISJ def.sg.m dog NEG sleep.3sg            NEG
    15.        #The dog is asleep, but the dog isn't.
Example #20:

    b.         Cet homme est vraiment ennuyeux!
    dem.sg.m man be.3sg truly boring
    `That man is really annoying!'
Example #21:

    [Les pommes] F sont magnifiques!
    def-pl apples be-3pl magnificent
    `[The apples]F are magnificent.'
Example #22:

    b.      Ces pommes sont magnifiques!
    dem.pl apples be.3pl magnificent
    `ThoseF apples are magnificent.'
Example #23:

    1.       a.       Les colibris sont rares.
    def.pl hummingbirds be.3pl rare
    `Hummingbirds are rare.'
Example #24:

    2.       a.       Les cochons sont intelligents.
    def.pl pigs be.3pl intelligent-pl
    `Pigs are intelligent.'
Example #25:

    3.       a.       Les chats détestent les chiens.
    def.pl hate3pl def.pl dogs
    `Cats hate dogs.'
Example #26:

    4.       a.       Les cochons mangent des pommes.
    def.pl pigs eat.3pl indef.pl apples
    `Pigs eat apples.'
Example #27:

    11.      Les cochons sont intelligents.
    def.pl pigs be.3pl intelligent-pl
    `Pigs are intelligent.'
Example #28:

    20.        Les cochons mangent des pommes.
    def.pl pigs eat.3pl indef.pl apples
    `Pigs eat apples.'
Example #29:

    21.        a.       Les chats détestent les chiens.
    def.pl cats hate-3pl def.pl dogs
    `Cats hate dogs.'
Example #30:

    26.     Les chats ont souvent les yeux verts. (de Swart 1990)
    def.pl cats have-3pl often def.pl eyes green-pl
    `Cats often have green eyes.'
Example #31:

    29.    Les cochons mangent des pommes.
    def.pl pigs eat.3pl indef.pl apples
    `Pigs eat apples.'
Example #32:

    1.      a.      Des cochons sont intelligents.
    indef.pl pigs be.3pl intelligent.pl
    `Some pigs are intelligent.'
Example #33:

    b.      Les cochons sont intelligents.
    indef.pl pigs be.3pl intelligent.pl
    `Some pigs are intelligent.'
Example #34:

    2.       Si/Quand des Italiens vont à Paris, ils vont visiter le Louvre.      (Spector 2001)
    if/when indef.pl Italians go.3pl to Paris, PRO.3pl go.3pl visit.INF def.sg.m Louvre
    `If/When Italians go to Paris, they go and visit the Louvre.'
Example #35:

    4.       Des grévistes ténaces peuvent ruiner une entreprise.                                 (Storto 2001)
    indef.pl strikers persistent.pl can.3pl ruin.INF indef.sg business
    `Persistent strikers can ruin a business.'
Example #36:

    5.         De chevaux en bonne santé peuvent tirer un charrette de trois tonnes.
    indef.pl horses in good health can.3pl pull.INF a carriage of three tonnes
    `Horses in good health can pull a 3-tonne carriage.'               (V. Déprez p.
Example #37:

    6.         Des gendarmes peuvent confisquer une voiture.                          (Roy 2001)
    indef.pl police officers can-3pl confiscate-INF indef-sg(f) car
    `Policemen can confiscate a car.'
Example #38:

    7.         Quand les Italiens vont à Paris, ils vont visiter le Louvre.          (Spector 2001)
    when def.pl Italians go.3pl to Paris, PRO.3pl go.3pl visit.INF def.sg.m Louvre
    `When the Italians go to Paris, they go and visit the Louvre.'
Example #39:

    b.       Les diplomats doivent se montrer discrètes.
    def.pl diplomats must.3pl REFL.3sg/pl show.INF discreet.pl
    `Diplomats must behave discreetly.'
Example #40:

    11.     a.       Les cochons sont intelligents.
    def.pl pigs be.3pl intelligent.pl
    `Pigs are intelligent.'
Example #41:

    12.      a.       Des cochons sont intelligents.
    indef.pl pigs be.3pl intelligent.pl
    `Some pigs are intelligent.'
Example #42:

    13.      a.       Des cochons mangent des pommes sous la fenêtre.
    indef.pl pigs eat.3pl indef.pl apples under the.sg.f window
    `(Some) hummingbirds are flying backwards under my window.'
Example #43:

    17.      Quand les chats naissent, ils sont aveugles.
    when def.pl catsK be-born.3pl, PRO.3pl.m be.3pl blind.
    `When the cats are born, they are blind.'13
Example #44:

    18.      Quand les touristes vont à Paris, ils vont visiter le Louvre.        (Spector 2001)
    when def.pl tourists go-3pl to Paris, PRO-3pl go-3pl visit-INF def.sg.m Louvre
    `When the tourists go to Paris, they go and visit the Louvre.'
Example #45:

    21.      Des grévistes ténaces peuvent ruiner une entreprise.
    indef.pl strikers persistent-pl can-3pl ruin-INF indef.sg.f business
    `Persistent strikers can ruin a business.'
Example #46:

    25.    Les grévistes ténaces peuvent ruiner une entreprise. (# on generic definite reading)
    def.pl strikers persistent.pl can.3pl ruin-INF indef.sg.f business
    `The tenacious strikers can ruin a business.'
Example #47:

    27.     Les chats peuvent avoir les yeux jaunes.
    def.pl cats can.3pl have.INF def.pl eyes yellow.pl
    `Cats can have yellow eyes.'
Example #48:

    28.    Les colibris peuvent aller en arrière en volant.
    def.pl hummingbirds can.3pl go.INF in rear in flying
    `Hummingbirds can fly backwards.'
Example #49:

    34.     a.         Des agents de police de haut niveau doivent se montrer discrets.
    indef.pl officers of police of high level must.3pl REFL show.INF discreet.
    `High-level police officers must behave discreetly.'
Example #50:

    b.         Les agents de police de haut niveau doivent se montrer discrets.
    def.pl officers of police of high level must.3pl REFL show.INF discreet.
    `High-level police officers must behave discreetly.'
Example #51:

    13.      a.      Des oiseaux chantent dans le jardin.
    indef.pl birds sing.3pl in def.sg.m garden
    `Birds are singing in the garden.'
Example #52:

    17.      a.       Les cochons mangent des pommes.
    def.pl pigs eat.3pl indef.pl apples
    `Pigs eat apples.'
Example #53:

    goût chez K-Mart.
    indef.pl women of good taste refl-dress.3pl at Armani, indef.pl w. of. b.t. at K-Mart.
    `Some women with good taste wear Armani, some women with bad taste wear K-Mart.'
Example #54:

    goût chez K-Mart.
    def.pl women of good taste refl-dress.3pl at Armani, def-pl w. of b.t. at K-Mart.
    `Women with good taste wear Armani, women with bad taste wear K-Mart.'
Example #55:

    29.    Méfie-toi, des guêpes énervées sont un danger terrible.           (Dobrovie-Sorin 2004)
    suspect.INF-REFL.2sg indef.pl wasps annoyed be.3pl a danger terrible
    'Take care, excited wasps are a terrible danger.'
Example #56:

    31.    Des enfants qui jouent ensemble font beaucoup de bruit.                  (Spector 2001)
    indef.pl children who play.3pl together make.3pl a-lot of noise
    `Children who play together make a lot of noise.'
Example #57:

    33.    Si/Quand des Italiens vont à Paris, ils vont visiter le Louvre.      (Spector 2001)
    when indef.pl Italians go.3pl to Paris, PRO.3pl go-3pl visit-INF def.sg.m Louvre
    `When Italians go to Paris, they go and visit the Louvre.'
Example #58:

    34.    Des grévistes ténaces peuvent ruiner une enterprise.                   (Storto 2001)
    indef.pl strikers persistent.pl can.3pl ruin-INF indef.sg.f business
    `Persistent strikers can ruin a business.'
Example #59:

    35.    Des/Les diplomats doivent se montrer discrètes.                        (Roy 2001)
    indef.pl/def.pl diplomats must.3pl REFL-3sg/pl show-INF discreet-pl
    `Diplomats must behave discreetly.'