The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Tomic, Olga Miseska (2003). The Balkan Sprachbund properties: An introduction to Topics in Balkan Syntax and Semantics.

URL: http://wwwlot.let.uu.nl/GraduateProgram/LotSchools/Summerschool2003/Tomic.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2131&langcode=rup (2019-06-18).


Example #1:

    a         featiljei.
    to        girl+the.F.Sg.Dat
    `Peter   has given a flower to the girl.'
Example #2:

    b.     sor-sa                   a       profesorlui                       Ar
    sister+his.M.Sg.Cl       to      professor+the.M.Sg.Dat
    `the professor's sister'
Example #3:

    (i)         mult     mushata                      aroshe shimie                                      Ar
    much beautiful+the.F.Sg               red.F.Sg scarf
    `the very beautiful red scarf'
Example #4:

    d        feata                                                                        Ar
    `the girl'
Example #5:

    d        mushata                 mintimenă            feată
    beautiful+the.F.Sg      clever.F.Sg          girl
    `the beautiful clever girl'
Example #6:

    (23)    stilolu        atsel lailu                                                          Ar
    pen+the.M.Sg that black+the.M.Sg
    `the black pen'
Example #7:

    b       Mintimen        l            iaste     cănle.
    clever          3Sg.M.Acc.Cl is        dog+the.M.Sg
    `His dog is clever.'
Example #8:

    (*ună     carte)/(*carte) a     featiljei/(unei                 feată)/(*feată).
    (a        book)/book to         girl+the.Dat/(a.Dat             girl)/girl
    `Petre   has given the book/a book/book to the girl/a          girl/girl.'
Example #9:

    a       Iane      s-sursi.                                                   Ar
    Iane      Impers.Acc.Cl-shave.3Sg
    `Iane   shaved himself.'
Example #10:

    b        Iane sh-căntă.                                                    Ar
    Iane Impers.Dat.Cl-sing.3Sg
    `Iane is singing to himself.'
Example #11:

    b.       Ul            vidzu                  frati-nju.                                    Ar
    3Sg.F.Acc.Cl see.3Sg.Aor             brother-my.M.Sg.Cl
    `(S)he saw my brother.'
Example #12:

    s-mi                             arisească.
    Subj.Mark-1Sg.Acc.Cl             please.3Sg.Subj
    `I finally found a dress which   should please me.'
Example #13:

    f.     Am            cu     cai  (tă)          s-yin.            Ar
    have.1Sg      with whom that.Mod        Subj.Mark-come.1Sg
    `I have somebody with whom I can come.'
Example #14:

    ved            măne.
    see.1Sg.Pres tomorrow.
    `I will come to see you tomorrow.'
Example #15:

    `(S)he/they shouldn't have come!'