ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Audrey Li (2006). Chapter 12.

URL: http://www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/ealc/chinling/articles/ba1.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2144&langcode=cmn (2018-04-24).

 

Example #1:

    (i)        ba-ge     Feng        yatou     bing-le.
    Ba-Cl.    Feng        maid      sick-Le
    '(Something) got the maid Feng sick.'
Example #2:

    (2) a.   wo ba        ta            sha-le.
    I       Ba him             kill-Le
    'I killed him.'
Example #3:

    b.   wo sha-le              ta-le.
    I       kill-Le        him-Le
    'I killed him.'
Example #4:

    (3) a.   wo ba         yaoshi       wang-le.
    I      Ba key              forget-Le
    'I forgot the key.'
Example #5:

    b.   wo wang-le                 yaoshi-le
    I      forget-Le           key-Le
    'I forgot the key.'
Example #6:

    (4) a.     zhe-ping         j iu          ba          ta                   zui-dao-le.
    this-bottle      wine          Ba          him                  drunk-fall-Le
    'This bottle of wine made him drunk and fall.'
Example #7:

    b.     zhe-ping         j iu          zui-dao                 ta       le.
    this-bottle      wine          drunk-fall              him      Asp
    'This bottle of wine made him drunk and fall.'
Example #8:

    (5) a.     wo ba            zhe-shi        xiang-de           hen           ziji.
    I      Ba        this-matter    think-De           very          carefully
    'I have thought about the matter carefully.'
Example #9:

    b.   zhe-shi,            wo       xiang-de     hen           zixi.
    this-matter         I        think-De     very          carefully
    'The matter, I have thought about carefully.'
Example #10:

    c.   wo       zhe-shi              xiang-de     hen          zixi.
    I        this-matter          think-De     very         carefully
    'I, the matter, have thought about carefully.'
Example #11:

    d.   wo xiang         zhe-shi        xiang-de           hen           ziji.
    I      think     this-matter    think-De           very          carefully
    'I have thought about the matter carefully.'
Example #12:

    (6) a.     haizi    ba       wo           ku-de     tou-teng.
    child    Ba       me           cry-De    head-ache
    'The child cried so much that my head ached.'
Example #13:

    (i)        ta               zui-dao-le.
    he               drunk-fall-Le
    'He got very drunk.'
Example #14:

    b.    haizi       ku-de     wo       tou-teng.
    child       cry-De    me      head-ache
    'The child cried so much that my head ached.'
Example #15:

    (7) a.     zhe-ping         j iu      ba          ta         zui-dao-zai              di-shang.
    this-bottle      wine      Ba          him        fall-at                  ground-on
    'This bottle of wine made him drunk and fall on the ground.'
Example #16:

    b.    zhe-ping         j iu      zui-de          ta        dao-zai               di-shang.
    this-bottle      wine      drunk-De        him       fall-at               ground-on
    'This bottle of wine made him drunk and fall on the ground.'
Example #17:

    (8) a. ni     ba   juzi         zenmeyang-le?
    you Ba orange            how-Le
    'What did you do to the orange?'
Example #18:

    b.   wo ba        juzi        bo-le            pi-le.
    I      Ba orange         peel-Le          skin-Le
    'I peeled the skin off the orange.'
Example #19:

    b.        wo yao          ba       ta       da-duan           tui.
    I     want      Ba       him      hit-broken-Le     leg
    'I want to break his leg.'
Example #20:

    (10)        a.     ta          ba           ni         hai-le.
    he          Ba           you        hurt-Le
    'He hurt you.'
Example #21:

    (11)      a.   ta         shi       ni           hen           kuaile.
    he         make      you          very          happy
    'He made you happy.'
Example #22:

    (12)      a.   *ta         ba      Zhangsani     hai-le         tai.
    he          Ba      Zhangsan      hurt-Le        him
    'He hurt Zhangsan.'
Example #23:

    (14)      ta   ba    [men     xi-hao],       [chuanghu ca-ganjing]-le
    he   Ba     door    wash-finish     window        wipe-clean-Le
    'He washed the door and wiped the windows clean.'
Example #24:

    (i)        a.   zhe-ping          jiu             ba           ta       zui-dao-le
    this-bottle       wine            Ba           him      drunk-fall-Le
    'This bottle of wine made him very drunk.'
Example #25:

    (15)        a.     ni     xian ba              zhe-kuai                 rou          qie-qie                ba!
    you     first Ba             this-Cl                  meat         cut-cut                Par.
    'Cut the meat first.'
Example #26:

    b.    [ba    zhe-kuai rou],                ni             xian           qie-qie                ba!
    Ba    this-Cl       meat            you            first          cut-cut                Par.
    'Cut the meat first.'
Example #27:

    c.    ni      ba      [zhe-kuai rou      qie-qie],                   [na-xie        cai           xixi]-ba!
    you     Ba       this-Cl   meat cut-cut                        that-Cl        vegetable     wash-Par.
    'You cut the meat and wash the vegetable.'
Example #28:

    (15)       d.     zhe-kuai     rou,           ni             xian             qie-qie          ba!
    this-Cl      meat           you            first            cut-cut          Par.
    'Cut the meat first.'
Example #29:

    (i)    ba        na-dui             wenzhang,          wo              zao              jiu           gai-hao-le.
    Ba        that-pile          article            I               early            then          correct-finish-Le
    'I corrected that pile of articles long ago.'
Example #30:

    (16) a.          wo ba         ta   wen-le yi-da-dui                   hen-nan-de             wenti.
    I      Ba     him ask-Le one-big-pile                 very-difficult-De      question
    'I asked him many difficult questions.
Example #31:

    b.       wo wen-le ta             yi-da-dui                 hen-nan-de             wenti.
    I      ask-Le him        one-big-pile              very-difficult-De      question
    'I asked him many difficult questions.
Example #32:

    (17) a.          wo ba          ta     fa-le           henduo          qian.
    I       Ba     him fine-Le            much            money
    'I fined him a lot of money.'
Example #33:

    b.      wo     fa-le        ta       henduo        qian.
    I       fine-Le    him much                money
    'I fined him a lot of money.'
Example #34:

    (18) a.         ta     yong        shou        wu-zai               erduo-shang.
    he     use         hand        cover-at             ear-on
    'He covered his ears with his hands.'
Example #35:

    (ii)     ta   bu-gan         ba    [ni       shengbing]-de                  shi           gaosu          dajia.
    he not-dare         Ba    you       sick-De                        matter        tell           everyone
    'He dare not tell everyone the matter that you are sick.'
Example #36:

    (iii)          *ta     bu-gan       ba          [ni           shengbing]                  gaosu          dajia.
    he      not-dare     Ba          you           sick                        tell           everyone
    'He dare not tell everyone that you are sick.'
Example #37:

    c.   ta     zai     lian-shang       tu-(man-)le                hui.
    he     at      face-on          cover-full-Le              ash
    'He covered his face with ash.'
Example #38:

    (19) a.     ta     wu          shou        wu-zai            erduo-shang.
    he     cover       hand        cover-at          ear-on
    'He covered his ears with his hands.'
Example #39:

    b.   ta     tu      hui     tu-man-le                 lian.
    he     cover ash       cover-full-Le             face
    'He covered his face with ash.'
Example #40:

    (20)        ta     zai     lian-shang       tu-le            hui.
    he     at      face-on          cover-Le         ash
    'He covered his face with ash.'
Example #41:

    (21) a.     tufei   sha-le      tade       fuqin.
    bandit kill-Le his             father
    'The bandit killed his father.'
Example #42:

    b.     tufei    ba         ta      sha-le      fuqin.
    bandit    Ba        him kill-Le         father
    'The bandit killed his father.'
Example #43:

    c.    shuiguo, ta          chi-le            yi-ban.
    fruit        he      eat-Le            one-half
    'The fruit, he ate half.'
Example #44:

    d.    ta     ba        shuiguo      chi-le        yi-ban.
    he     Ba        fruit        eat-Le        one-half
    'He ate half of the fruit.'
Example #45:

    (22) a.   ta     ku-de       women         dou       fan-si-le.
    he      cry-De     we            all       annoy-dead-Le
    'He cried so much that we were all extremely annoyed.'
Example #46:

    b.    ta     ba          women           ku-de      dou    fan-si-le.
    he      Ba         we              cry-De     all    annoy-dead-Le
    'He cried so much that we were all extremely annoyed.'
Example #47:

    (23) a.    na-ge         nuhai ku-de           Zhangsan          nian-bu-xia     na-ben    shu.
    hat-Cl        girl     cry-De       Zhangsan          read-not-on     that-Cl   book
    'That girl cried so that Zhangsan could not continue reading that book.'
Example #48:

    b.     na-ge         nuhai ba         Zhangsan ku-de         nian-bu-xia     na-ben    shu.
    that-Cl       girl     Ba      Zhangsan cry-De read-not-on            that-Cl   book
    'That girl cried so that Zhangsan could not continue reading that book.'
Example #49:

    c.     *na-ge        nuhai ba         na-ben    shu       ku-de     Zhangsan      nian-bu-xia
    that-Cl       girl     Ba      that-Cl   book      cry-De Zhangsan         read-not-on
    'That girl cried so that Zhangsan could not continue reading that book.'
Example #50:

    (24) a.    na-ge         nuhai ba         shoupa            ku-de     meiren      gan      mo.
    that-Cl       girl     Ba      handkerchief      cry-De    nobody      dare     touch
    'That girl cried so that nobody dared to touch the handkerchief.'
Example #51:

    (24) b.    na-ge      nuhai ba       na-ben shu        ku-de     meiren             neng    kan-de-qingchu
    that-Cl girl        Ba that-Cl book cry-De nobody                        can     read-able-clear
    'That girl cried so that nobody could read that book clearly.'
Example #52:

    (25) a.   ta    ba    juzi        bo-le                 pi.
    he    Ba orange         peel-Le               skin
    'He peeled the skin off the orange.'
Example #53:

    b.    wo         ba        yifu      bao-le               yige            xiaobao.
    I          Ba        clothes pack-Le                one-Cl          bundle
    'I packed the clothes into a bundle.'
Example #54:

    c.    Lisi      ba        beitong hua-cheng                    liliang.
    Lisi      Ba        sadness change-become                power
    'Lisi changed his sadness into power.'
Example #55:

    (26) a.          Lisi         ku-de       shoupa            hen        shi.
    Lisi         cry-De      handkerchief      very       wet
    'Lisi cried and got the handkerchief wet.'
Example #56:

    b.        Lisi         ba       shoupa         ku-de            hen                 shi.
    Lisi         Ba       handkerchief cry-De             very                wet
    'Lisi cried and got the handkerchief wet.'
Example #57:

    c.        Lisi        ba       shoupa          ku-shi-le.       --- compounding of V-V
    Lisi        Ba       handkerchief    cry-wet-Le
    'Lisi cried-wet the handkerchief.'
Example #58:

    d.        Lisi        ku-shi-le       shoupa.           --- compound V + object
    Lisi        cry-wet-Le      handkerchief
    'Lisi cried-wet the handkerchief.'
Example #59:

    (27) a.          na-ping         j iu   zui-de       Lisi      dao-xiaqu-le.
    that-bottle     wine drunk-De Lisi            fall-down-Le
    'That bottle of wine made Lisi get drunk and fall.'
Example #60:

    b.        na-ping         j iu   ba           Lisi            zui-de            dao-xiaqu-le.
    that-bottle     wine Ba             Lisi            drunk-De          fall-down-Le
    'That bottle of wine made Lisi get drunk and fall.'
Example #61:

    c.        na-ping         j iu   ba     Lisi    zui-dao-le.            --- compounding of V-V
    that-bottle     wine Ba       Lisi    drunk-fall-Le
    'That bottle of wine made Lisi get drunk and fall.'
Example #62:

    d.        na-ping         j iu   zui-dao-le           Lisi.            --- compound V + object
    that-bottle     wine drunk-fall-Le          Lisi
    'That bottle of wine made Lisi get drunk and fall.'
Example #63:

    (28)        a.      zhejian       shi           ku-de                  Zhangsan          lei-le.
    this-Cl       matter        cry-De                 Zhangsan          tired-Le
    'This thing got Zhangsan tired from crying.'
Example #64:

    b.      zhejian         shi         ba       Zhangsan             ku-de        lei-le.
    this-Cl         matter      Ba       Zhangsan             cry-De       tired-Le
    'This thing got Zhangsan tired from crying.'
Example #65:

    c.      zhejian shi        ba    Zhangsan       ku-lei-le.            --- compounding
    this-Cl matter Ba Zhangsan              cry-tired-Le
    'This thing got Zhangsan tired from crying.'
Example #66:

    d.      zhejian     shi    ku-lei-le         Zhangsan.             --- compound V + object
    this-Cl     case   cry-tired-Le      Zhangsan
    'This thing got Zhangsan tired from crying.'
Example #67:

    (29) a.     ta            ba      pianyi                     zhan-jin-le.
    he            Ba      advantage                  take-exhaust-Le
    'He took full advantage.'
Example #68:

    b.    ta            zhan-jin-le               pianyi
    he            take-exhaust-Le           advantage
    'He took full advantage.'
Example #69:

    (30) a.     ta            ba      dao                        kai-wan-le.
    he            Ba      knife                      open-finish-Le
    'He finished the operation.'
Example #70:

    b.     ta            kai-wan                    dao-le.
    he            open-finish                knife-Le
    'He finished the operation.'
Example #71:

    (i) Zhangsani [ Ti [ ej renshi proi de ] renj hen duo.
    Zhangsan            know       De person very many
    'Zhangsan, the people who knew (him) are numerous.'
Example #72:

    (31) a.     ta           ba       wanxiao             kai-de-guohuo-le.
    he           Ba       joke                open-De-excessive-Le
    'He overdid the joking.'
Example #73:

    b.   ta           kai      wanxiao             kai-de-guohuo-le.
    he           open joke                    open-De-excessive-Le
    'He overdid the joking.'
Example #74:

    (i)         *ta       ba      youyong          xue-de-hui.
    he        Ba      swimming         study-De-able
    'He can learn swimming.'
Example #75:

    (ii)        *ta      ba       gongke           xie-de-kuai.
    he       Ba       homework         write-De-fast
    'He wrote the homework fast.'
Example #76:

    c.    cai             hen     lan.
    vegetable       very    mushy
    'The vegetable is mushy.'
Example #77:

    (33) a.      ta     ba     cai            chao-lan-le.
    he     Ba vegetable          stir-fry-mushy-Le
    'He stir-fried the vegetable mushy.'
Example #78:

    b.    ta    bu-gan           ba       cai         chao-lan.
    he    not-dare         Ba       vegetable    stir-fry-mushy
    'He dare not stir-fry the vegetable mushy.'
Example #79:

    b.    *suoyou-de        shu      dou         guang-le
    all-De           book all             empty-Le
    'All the books are empty.'
Example #80:

    (39) a.       qing      ni     jiao      ta           jin-lai/shang-lai/xia-qu
    please you ask             him          enter-come/up-come/down-go
    'Please ask him to come in/come up/go down.'
Example #81:

    b.     qing      ni     ba        ta      jiao      jin-lai/shang-lai/xia-qu
    please you Ba              him     ask      enter-come/up-come/down-go
    'Please ask him to come in/come up/go down.'
Example #82:

    (41)         wo dei        ba    zhexie-shi      ji-xia(lai).
    I      need Ba these-matter memorize-down(come)
    'I need to memorize these matters.'
Example #83:

    (43) a.   qing          ni       ba       shu             fang        zai     zhuo-shang
    please        you      Ba       book            put         at      table-on
    'Please put the book on the table.'
Example #84:

    b.   qing         ni        ba         shu           song        (gei)     ta.
    please       you       Ba         book          give        to        him
    'Please give him the book.'
Example #85:

    (44) a.   *ta      bao           yifu          yi-ge                  xiao-bao.
    he       pack          clothes       one-Cl                 small-bundle
    'He packed clothes into a small bundle.'
Example #86:

    b.   ta       yifu          bao           yi-ge                  xiao-bao.
    he       clothes       pack          one-Cl                 small-bundle
    'He packed clothes into a small bundle.'
Example #87:

    c.   ta       ba       yifu         bao              yige        xiao-bao.
    he       Ba       clothes      pack             one-Cl      small-bundle
    'He packed clothes into a small bundle.'
Example #88:

    (45) a.    wo        na            shu     (lai/qu)            gei        ta        kan.
    I         take          book come/go                for        him      read
    'I brought a book for him to read.'
Example #89:

    b.   wo ba            shu     na     (lai/qu)            gei        ta        kan.
    I      Ba        book take come/go                  for        him      read
    'I brought a book for him to read.'
Example #90:

    (46) a.    wo        mai          shu     (lai/qu)             rang        ta      yong.
    I         buy          book come/go                 let         him     use
    'I bought the book for him to use.'
Example #91:

    b.   wo ba          shu     mai     lai/qu               rang        ta      yong.
    I      Ba      book buy        come/go              let         him     use
    'I bought the book for him to use.'
Example #92:

    (i)        *wo       ba     shu         mai         rang          ta               yong.
    I         Ba     book        buy         let           him              use
    'I bought the book for him to use.'
Example #93:

    b.       ta        hui      ba          ni                     ti               haoji-jiao.
    he        will     Ba          you                    kick             many-foot
    'He will kick you many kicks.' see above
Example #94:

    (i)          women     d ei        xian ba         zhe-wenti            kaolü-kaolü/taolun-taolun.
    we        should first        Ba      this-question        consider-consider/discuss-discuss
    'We should first consider/discuss this question a bit.'
Example #95:

    (ii)        *women      dei        xian ba          zhe-wenti           kaolü-yi-kaolü/taolun-yi-taolun.
    we          should first       Ba       this-question       consider-one-consider/discuss-one-discuss
    'We should first consider/discuss this question a bit.'
Example #96:

    (52) a.      ta    zhi      ba      shuiguo     chi   yi-ban.
    he    only      Ba fruit           eat   one-half
    'He only ate half of the fruit.'
Example #97:

    b.    jide          ba            juzi        bo             pi.
    remember      Ba            orange      peel           skin
    'Remember to peel the skin off the orange.'
Example #98:

    (53) a.     wo dasuan ba           ta     wen yi-da-dui          hen-nan-de          wenti.
    I      plan     Ba him ask           one-big-pile    very-difficult-De   question
    'I asked him many difficult questions.
Example #99:

    b.   wo hui              ba     ta     fa       henduo     qian.
    I       will        Ba     him fine        much       money
    'I will fine him a lot of money.'
Example #100:

    (58) a.         ta      ba         Lisi             pian-le.
    he      Ba         Lisi             cheat-Le
    'He cheated Lisi.'
Example #101:

    (i)          wo        bu-xihuan       ta-le.
    I        not-like        him-Le
    'I do not like him (now; it used to be the case that I liked him)'
Example #102:

    (ii)         ta       hui            shuo-hua-le.
    he       can            speak-word-Le
    'He can speak now (it used to be the case that he could not speak).'
Example #103:

    (iii)        ta       bu-ting           zhe-ge-le.
    he       not-listen        this-song-Le
    'He does not listen to this song any more (he used).'
Example #104:

    (iv) a.        ni     ba      zhe-che          xi-le                (jici?)
    you    Ba      this-car         wash-Le              how many times
    'How many times did you wash the car?'
Example #105:

    b.     wo      bu        xi          zhe-che-le.
    I       not       wash        this-car-Le
    'I don't wash this car any more.'
Example #106:

    c.     *wo zai                 ye        bu-ba      zhe-che            xi-le.
    I        again          also      not-Ba     this-car           wash-Le
    'I will no longer wash this car.'
Example #107:

    (v) a.         wo       ba      ta            pian-le.              (yici)
    I        Ba      him           cheat-Le              one time
    'I cheated him (once).'
Example #108:

    b.     wo       zai      ye          bu-pian                ta-le
    I        again also           not-cheat              him-Le
    'I will no longer cheat him.'
Example #109:

    c.     ??wo       zai      ye        bu-ba            ta        pian-le.
    I        again also         not-cheat        him       cheat-Le
    'I will no longer cheat him.'
Example #110:

    b.   ta     jingran             ba              wo         da-le.
    he     unexpectedly        Ba              I          hit-Le
    'Unexpectedly, he hit me.'
Example #111:

    c.   wo        ba          shu            mai-le.
    I        Ba          book           sell-Le
    'I sold the book.'
Example #112:

    d.   wo       yijing      ba              men          guan-le.
    I       already    Ba               door         close-Le
    'I already closed the door.'
Example #113:

    (59) a.       *ta      ba           na-difang                     likai-le.
    he       Ba           that-place                    leave-Le
    'He left that place.'
Example #114:

    b.   *ta    jingran            ba      qiu-sai               canjia-le
    he     unexpectedly       Ba      ball-game             participate-Le
    'Unexpectedly, he played the ball game.'
Example #115:

    c.   *ta            ba            na-ge              canting         baifang-le.
    he            Ba            that-Cl            restaurant      visit-Le
    'He visited that restaurant.'
Example #116:

    d.   *ta          ba       wode             mingling        fucong-le.
    he          Ba       my               order           obey
    'He obeyed my order.'
Example #117:

    (i) a.        ?ta              ba        na-pi-ma                 qi-guo-ma?
    he               Ba        that-Cl-horse            ride-Guo-Q
    'Did he ride that horse before?'
Example #118:

    b.       ?ta             ba       zhexie-haizi               ma-guo.
    he             Ba       these-boys                 scold-Guo
    'He has scolded these boys before.'
Example #119:

    c.       ?ta             ba        yaoshi                    wang-guo.
    he             Ba        key                       forget-Guo
    'He has forgotten the key before.'
Example #120:

    (60) a.    ??wo ba              ge         ting-le.
    I        Ba         song       listen-Le
    'I listened to the song.'
Example #121:

    b.     wo        ba         ge          ting-wan-le.
    I        Ba         song        listen-finish-Le
    'I finished listening to the song.'
Example #122:

    (61) a.    ??wo ba             ta           kuajiang-le.
    I       Ba         him          praise
    'I praised him.'
Example #123:

    b.     wo       ba         ta        kuajiang-le         ji-bai-bian-le.
    I       Ba         him       praise-Le           several-hundred-times-Le
    'I praised him several hundred times.'
Example #124:

    c.   ba    ta haohaor-de zhaogu,              ta        j iu     hui      zhang-de-hao.
    Ba it good-De               care         it        then     will     grow-De-well
    'Take good care of it and it will grow well.'
Example #125:

    e.   ni      bu      ba    zhe-wenzhang zixi-de          nian, zenme keneng            dong-ne?
    you not         Ba this article          carefully read     how       can         understand-Q
    'If you don't read the article carefully, how can you understand (it)?'
Example #126:

    d.    ni       you-mei-you        ba     zhongyao-de         shiqing      wang-guo?
    you      have-not-have      ba     important-De        thing       forget-Guo
    'Have you forgotten important matters (before)?'
Example #127:

    (65) a.      ta    jintian-de     gongke              xie-de      hen      kuai.
    he    today-De        homework           write-De    very     fast
    'He wrote today's homework fast.'
Example #128:

    b.      *ta    ba       jintian-de gongke                xie-de       hen     kuai.
    he     Ba       today       homework             write-De     very    fast
    'He wrote today's homework fast.'