ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Kiparsky, Paul (2001). Structural Case in Finnish.

URL: http://www.stanford.edu/~kiparsky/Papers/finn.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-11).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2155&langcode=fin (2018-12-18).

 

Example #1:

    b. Minu-n para-n     ol-i       siivotta-va.
    I-Gen po or-Gen be-Past(3Sg) clean-Part
    `Po or me had to clean up.'
Example #2:

    parka,        *minu-n para-n)
    po or(Nom),   I-Gen po or-Gen)
    `They made    poor me clean up.'
Example #3:

    [10]     a. Opiskel-i-n     vuo de-n.
    study-Past-1Sg year-Gen
    `I studied a year.'
Example #4:

    b. Opiskel-tiin   vuosi.
    study-PastPass year-(Nom)
    `People/we studied a year.'
Example #5:

    c. E-n       opiskel-lut vuot-ta-kaan.
    Not-1Sg study-PfP year-Part-even
    `I didn't study even a year.'
Example #6:

    b. Nae    Napoli!
    see-Imp Naples(Nom)
    `See Naples!'
Example #7:

    [24] Sinu-n on       helppo ampu-a t aam      karhu.
    You-Gen be(3Sg) easy sho ot-1Inf this(Nom) bear(Nom)
    `It is easy for you to sho ot this bear.
Example #8:

    [31]     a. Pilvi         sata-a vet-ta.
    cloud(-Nom) rain-3Sg water-Part
    `The cloud is raining (water).' (e.g. as opposed to snowing)
Example #9:

    b. Taivas     o-n    sata-nut kaike-n lume-nsa.
    sky(-Nom) be-3Sg rain-PfP all-Gen snow(Gen)-3Sg
    `The sky has precipitated all its snow.'
Example #10:

    [33]    a. Luul-laan     sinu-n suoritta-nee-n korvaukse-n.
    suppose-Pass you-Gen make-PfP-Gen compensation-Gen
    `You are believed to have paid compensation.'
Example #11:

    [35]    a. Etsi-n *sinu-t / *karhu-n / *karhu-t.
    seek-1Sg you-Acc / bear-Gen / bear-PlNom
    `I'm lo oking for you / the (a) bear / the bears'
Example #12:

    b. Etsi-n sinu-a        / karhu-a    / karhu-j-a.
    seek-1Sg you-Part / bear-Part / bear-Pl-Part
    `I'm lo oking for you / the (a) bear / (the) bears'
Example #13:

    [37]   a. Ammu-i-n        karhu-n / karhu-a.
    sho ot-Pst-1Sg bear-Gen / bear-Part
    `I shot the (a) bear / I shot at the (a) bear.'
Example #14:

    b. Ammu-i-n        karhu-n / (*karhu-a) kuoliaa-ksi.
    sho ot-Pst-1Sg bear-Gen / bear-Part dead-Transl
    `I shot the (a) bear dead.' (OK: `I was in the process of sho oting the
Example #15:

    c. Heit-i-n         kive-n    ikkuna-an.
    throw-Past-1Sg rick-Gen window-Ill
    `I threw the (a) rock into the (a) window.'
Example #16:

    [43]    a. Ammu-i-n       karhu-j-a    kuoliaa-ksi.
    sho ot-Pst-1Sg bear-Pl-Part dead-Transl
    `I shot bears dead.'
Example #17:

    [46]    a. Uutise-t      jatku-vat.
    news-PlNom continue-3Pl
    `The news will continue.'
Example #18:

    b. Nyt tule-e    uutise-t.
    Now come-3Sg news-PlNom
    `Now there comes the news.'
Example #19:

    c. Nyt tule-e    uutis-i-a.
    Now come-3Sg news-Pl-Part
    `Now there comes news (items of news).'
Example #20:

    [48]    a. Nyt tule-e       paljon uutis-i-a.
    Now come-3Sg much news-Pl-Part
    `A lot of news is coming now.'
Example #21:

    b. Uutis-i-a      tule-e      paljon.
    news-Pl-Part come(-3Sg) much
    `A lot of news is coming.'
Example #22:

    c. *Paljon uutis-i-a      jatku-vat / jatku-u.
    much news-Pl-Part continue-3Pl / continue-3Sg
    `A lot of news will continue.'
Example #23:

    [49] *Uutis-i-a    jatku-vat    / jatku-u.
    news-Pl-Part continue-3Pl / continue-3Sg
    `News will continue.'
Example #24:

    b. (*)Nyt ei         tule uutise-t.
    now not(-3Sg) come news-PlNom
    `Now there does not come the news.'
Example #25:

    c. Nyt ei         tule uutis-i-a.
    now not(-3Sg) come news-Pl-Part
    `Now there do es not come any news.'
Example #26:

    b. Sisaruks-i-a-ni        ei       asu Turu-ssa.
    sibling-Pl-Part-1SgP not-3Sg live T.-Iness
    `No brothers or sisters of mine live in Turku.'
Example #27:

    b. (Liisa-lle) synty-i            kaksose-t.
    `(L.-Allat) be-born-Past-3Sg twin-PlNom
    `Twins [i.e. a pair of twins] were born (to Liisa).'
Example #28:

    c. (Liisa-lle) synty-i            kaksos-i-a.
    `(L.-Allat) be-born-Past-3Sg twin-Pl-Part
    `Twins [one or more pairs] were born (to Liisa).'
Example #29:

    laiva-n[HR].
    ship-Gen
    `A submarine came there to sink the ship.'
Example #30:

    [57]    a. Matti ol-i           juuri osta-ma-ssa auto-a.
    Matti be-Past(3Sg) just buy-Inf-Iness car-Part
    `Matti was just (in the process of ) buying a car.'
Example #31:

    b. *Piha-lle   ol-i          juuri a ja-ma-ssa     auto-a.
    Courtyard be-Past(3Sg) just drive-Inf-Iness car-Part
    `A car was just (in the process) of driving into the courtyard.'
Example #32:

    b. Mina    ole-n Arkadia-ssa-kin.
    I(Nom) be-1Sg Arcadia-Iness-too
    `I am even in Arcadia.'
Example #33:

    saattopalvelus-ta.
    escort-service-Part
    `We sank the ship while it was performing escort duty.'
Example #34:

    saattopalvelus-ta.
    escort-service-Part
    `The ship sank while it was performing escort duty.
Example #35:

    c. *Upot-i-mme laiva-n suoritta-e-ssa-an          saattopalvelus-ta.
    sink-Past-1Pl ship-Gen perform-2Ptc-Iness-3P escort-service-Part
    `We sank the ship while (it was) performing escort duty.'
Example #36:

    saattopalvelus-ta.
    escort-service-Part
    `The ship sank while performing escort duty.'
Example #37:

    saattopalvelus-ta.
    escort-service-Part
    `Sink the ship while it is performing escort duty.'
Example #38:

    saattopalvelus-ta.
    escort-service-Part
    `Sink the ship while [it is] performing escort duty.'
Example #39:

    saattopalvelus-ta.
    escort-service-Part
    `The ship was sunk while it was performing escort duty.'
Example #40:

    saattopalvelus-ta.
    escort-service-Part
    `The ship was sunk while performing escort duty.'
Example #41:

    [68]      a. Minu-lla on      Matti    / sinu-t.
    I-Adess be-3Sg Matti(Nom) / you-Acc
    `I have Matti / you.'
Example #42:

    b. *Sinu-t / *Matti       on   minu-lla.
    youAcc / Matti(Nom) be-3Sg I-Adess
    `I have Matti / you.'
Example #43:

    [72]   a. Anno-i-n       heida-n       men-na.
    give-Past-1Sg they-Pl-Gen     go-1Inf
    `I let them go.'
Example #44:

    b. Anno-i-n       hei-lle         karhu-n.
    give-Past-1Sg they-Pl-Alla   t bear-Gen
    `I gave them a bear.'
Example #45:

    b. Sinu-t / Matti         pakote-ttiin ampu-ma-an karhu.
    you-Acc / Matti-Nom force-PassPst shoot-2Inf-Illat bear-Gen
    `You / Matti were forced to sho ot a/the bear.'      (downstairs