ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Baker, Mark C. ON THE STRUCTURAL POSITIONS OF THEMES AND GOALS

URL: http://equinox.rutgers.edu/people/faculty/baker/dat-shift-ui-prt.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 22&langcode=jpn (2018-10-17).

 

Example #1:

    (17)   John-ga Mary-ni hon-o      watashi-ta.
    John-nom Mary-dat book-acc pass-pst
    `John passed Mary a book.'
Example #2:

    (18)   Hon-ga     Mary-ni watar-ta.
    book-nom Mary-dat pass-pst
    `The book passed to Mary.'
Example #3:

    (19)   a.   ?John-ga hon-o      otoko-ni san-nin watashi-ta.
    John-nom book-acc men-dat three-CL pass-pst
    `John passed three men books.'
Example #4:

    b.   *Hon-ga otoko-ni san-nin watar-ta.
    book-nom men-dat three-CL pass-pst
    `Books passed to three men.'
Example #5:

    (20)   *Mary-ga hon-o       watar-ta.
    Mary-nom book-acc pass-pst
    `The book passed to Mary.' (lit. `Mary passed the book.')
Example #6:

    (21)   Mary-ga    hon-o     watas-are-ta.
    Mary-nom book-acc pass-pass-pst
    `Mary was passed the book.'