ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Gallmann, Peter (1998). Case Underspecification in Morphology, Syntax and the Lexicon.

URL: http://www.personal.uni-jena.de/~x1gape/Pub/K-Unterspez_1998.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-15).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 222&langcode=deu (2019-07-17).

 

Example #1:

    (3)       a.      mit [DatP ein-em Magnet-en]
    with a-CAS magnet-CAS
    `with a magnet'
Example #2:

    b.      mit [DatP ein-em Magnet]
    with a-CAS magnet
    `with a magnet'
Example #3:

    (4)       a.       ein Orchester mit [DatP Dirigent]
    an orchestra with conductor
    `an orchestra with a conductor'
Example #4:

    b.       ein Orchester mit [DatP eigen-em Dirigent-en]
    an orchestra with own-CAS conductor-CAS
    `an orchestra with an own conductor'
Example #5:

    (7)    auf [DatP d-em rot-en Planet-en]
    on the-CAS red-CAS planet-CAS
    `on the red planet'
Example #6:

    (9)    auf [DatP d-em lila Planet-en]
    on the-CAS lila planet-CAS
    `on the pink planet'
Example #7:

    (10)   a.      hart-es Holz
    hard-CASstrong wood
    `hard wood'
Example #8:

    b.      kein hart-es Holz
    no hard-CASstrong wood
    `no hard piece of wood'
Example #9:

    (12)   a.      am Ersten [GenP jed-es Monat-s]
    on-the first each-CAS month-CAS
    `on the first of each month'
Example #10:

    b.      am Ersten [GenP jed-en Monat-s]
    on-the first each-CAS month-CAS
    `on the first of each month'
Example #11:

    b.        Anna liest kein Buch, und Zoe liest auch kein-s
    Anna reads no book, and Zoe reads also no-CAS
    Both: `Ann is not reading a book, and neither is Zoe'
Example #12:

    (15)    a.        manch rot-er Planet
    many red-CAS planet
    `many a red planet'
Example #13:

    b.        manch-er rot-e Planet
    many-CAS red-CAS planet
    `many a red planet'
Example #14:

    c.    * von [DatP sein-em Planet]
    from his-CAS planet
    `from his planet'
Example #15:

    d.       von [DatP sein-em Planet-en]
    from his-CAS planet-CAS
    `from his planet'
Example #16:

    (25)    a.    * Würde du bitte nachschauen?
    Would you please look?
    `Would you have a look, please?'
Example #17:

    b.      Würde-st du bitte nachschauen?
    Would-SUF you please look?
    `Would you have a look, please?'
Example #18:

    (26)    a.      Schau du bitte nach!
    Look you please!
    `Have a look, please!'
Example #19:

    b.      Schau einer bitte nach!
    Look someone please!
    `Someone shall have a look, please!'
Example #20:

    (21)    d.      von [DatP sein-em Planet-en]
    from his-CAS planet-CAS
    `from his planet'
Example #21:

    (21)    c.    * von [DatP sein-em Planet]
    from his-CAS planet
    `from his planet'
Example #22:

    (29)     a.      aus [DatP Holz]
    of wood
    `made of wood'
Example #23:

    b.    * aus [DatP Holz-e]
    of wood-CAS
    `made of wood'
Example #24:

    c.      aus [DatP hart-em Holz]
    of hard-CAS wood
    `made of wood'
Example #25:

    d.      aus [DatP hart-em Holz-e]
    of hard-CAS wood-CAS
    `made of wood'
Example #26:

    c.      [DatP Unser-en Wälder-n] droht der Tod
    Our-CAS forests-CAS threatens the death
    `Our forests are threatened by death'
Example #27:

    (31)     a.      in [DatP drei Meter Höhe]
    in three meters hight
    `in a height of three meters'
Example #28:

    b.      in [DatP drei Meter-n Höhe]
    in three meters-CAS hight
    `in a height of three meters'
Example #29:

    (32)     a.      mit [DatP zwei Drittel Öl und einem Drittel Essig]
    with two thirds Oil and one third vinegar
    `with two thirds oil and one third vinegar'
Example #30:

    b.      mit [DatP zwei Drittel-n Öl und einem Drittel Essig]
    with two thirds-CAS Oil and one third vinegar
    `with two thirds oil and one third vinegar'
Example #31:

    (33)      a.       mit [DatP ein-em Paar Schuhe]
    with one-CAS pair shoes
    `with one pair of shoes'
Example #32:

    b.       mit [DatP ein-em Paar Schuhe-n]
    with one-CAS pair shoes-CAS
    `with one pair of shoes'
Example #33:

    c.      der Traum [GenP manch-es prima Schüler-s]
    the dream many(-CAS) good schoolboy-CAS
    `the dream of many a good schoolboy'
Example #34:

    f.       der Traum [GenP manch-es klug-en Schüler-s]
    the dream many(-CAS) intelligent-CAS schoolboy-CAS
    `the dream of many an intelligent schoolboy'
Example #35:

    i.      der Traum [GenP manch-es prima Student-en]
    the dream many(-CAS) good student-         CAS
    `the dream of many a good student'
Example #36:

    l.      der Traum [GenP manch-es klug-en Student-en]
    the dream many(-CAS) intelligent-CAS student-          CAS
    `the dream of many a intelligent student'
Example #37:

    b.   § am Ersten [GenP jen-en Monat-s]
    on-the first that-CAS month-CAS
    `on the first of that month'
Example #38:

    c.      am Ersten [GenP jed-es Monat-s]
    on-the first each-CAS month-CAS
    `on the first of each month'
Example #39:

    d.      am Ersten [GenP jed-en Monat-s]
    on-the first each-CAS month-CAS
    `on the first of each month'
Example #40:

    (37)   a.   * der Traum [GenP manch Schülerin]
    the dream many schoolgirl
    `the dream of many a schoolgirl'
Example #41:

    b.      der Traum [GenP manch klug-er Schülerin]
    the dream many intelligent-CAS schoolgirl
    `the dream of many an intelligent schoolgirl'
Example #42:

    c.      der Traum [GenP manch-er klug-en Schülerin]
    the dream many-CAS intelligent-CAS schoolgirl
    `the dream of many an intelligent schoolgirl'
Example #43:

    (38)     a.       die Verarbeitung [GenP d-es Holz-es]
    the reatment the-CAS wood-CAS
    `the treatment of the wood'
Example #44:

    b.       die Verarbeitung [GenP tropisch-en Holz-es]
    the treatment tropical-CAS wood-CAS
    `the treatment of tropical wood'
Example #45:

    c.    * die Verarbeitung [GenP Holz-es]
    the treatment wood-CAS
    `the treatment of wood'
Example #46:

    d.    * die Verarbeitung [GenP Holz]
    the treatment wood
    ` the treatment of wood'
Example #47:

    e. % die Verarbeitung [PP von [DatP d-em Holz]]
    the treatment of the-CAS wood
    `the treatment of the wood'
Example #48:

    f.       die Verarbeitung [PP von [DatP tropisch-em Holz]]
    the treatment of tropical-CAS wood
    `the treatment of tropical wood'
Example #49:

    (39)    a. % [GenP d-es französisch-en König-s] neue Kleider
    the-CAS french-CAS King-CAS new clothes
    `the French king's new clothes'
Example #50:

    b.    * [GenP [GenP Frankreich-s] König-s] neue Kleider
    France-CAS King-CAS new clothes
    `France's king's new clothes'
Example #51:

    d.    § [[DatP d-em französisch-en König] seine] neuen Kleider
    the-CAS French-CAS king his new clothes
    `the French king's new clothes'
Example #52:

    e.    § [[DatP d-em König von Frankreich] seine] neuen Kleider
    the-CAS king of France his new clothes
    `the king of France's new clothes'
Example #53:

    (40)    a.       mit [DatP einem Glas [GenP kühl-en Wasser-s]]
    with a glass cool-CAS water-CAS
    `with a glass of cool water'
Example #54:

    b.    * mit [DatP einem Glas [GenP Wasser-s]]
    with [DatP a glass water-CAS
    `with a glass of water'
Example #55:

    c.       mit [DatP ein-em Glas [DatP kühl-em Wasser]]
    with a-CAS glass cool-CAS water
    `with a glass of cool water'
Example #56:

    (41)     a.       der Genuss [GenP ein-es Glas-es [GenP kühl-en Wasser-s]]
    the consumption a-CAS glass-CAS cool-CAS water-CAS
    `the consumption of a glass of cool water'
Example #57:

    b.    * der Genuss [GenP ein-es Glas-es [GenP Wasser-s]]
    the consumption a-CAS glass-CAS water-CAS
    `the consumption of a glass of water'
Example #58:

    c.     ? der Genuss [GenP ein-es Glas-es [UnderP kühl-es Wasser]]
    the consumption a-CAS Glass-CAS cool-CAS water
    `the consumption of a glass of cool water'
Example #59:

    d.       der Genuss [GenP ein-es Glas-es [UnderP Wasser]]
    the consumption a-CAS glass-CAS water
    `the consumption of a glass of water'
Example #60:

    (42)     a.       Er enthielt sich [GenP jeglich-en Widerstand-s]
    He renounced himself any-CAS resistance-CAS
    `He renounced any resistance'
Example #61:

    b.    * Er enthielt sich [GenP Widerstand-s]
    He renounced himself resistance-CAS
    `He renounced any resistance'
Example #62:

    c.    * Er enthielt sich [GenP Widerstand]
    He renounced himself resistance
    `He renounced any resistance'
Example #63:

    d.       Er verzichtete [PP auf [AccP jeglich-en Widerstand]]
    He renounced on any-CAS resistance
    `He renounced any resistance'
Example #64:

    e.       Er verzichtete [PP auf [AccP Widerstand]]
    He renounced on resistance
    `He renounced his resistance'
Example #65:

    (43)     a.       während [GenP drei-er Tage]
    in-the-course three-CAS days
    `in the course of three days'
Example #66:

    b.       außerhalb [GenP größer-er Dörfer]
    out-of larger-CAS villages
    `out of rather large villages'
Example #67:

    d.   * außerhalb [GenP Dörfer]
    out-of villages
    `out of villages'
Example #68:

    e.   § während [DatP drei Tage-n]
    in-the-course three days-CAS
    `in the course of three days'
Example #69:

    f.      außerhalb [PP von [DatP größer-en Dörfer-n]]
    out of larger-CAS villages-CAS
    `out of rather large villages'
Example #70:

    g.      während [DatP vier Tage-n]
    in-the-course four days-CAS
    `in the course of four days'
Example #71:

    (44)   a.      die Pläne [GenP J. Risch-s, [GenP unser-es Architekt-en]]
    the plans J. Risch-CAS, our-CAS architect-CAS
    `the plans of J. Risch, our architect'
Example #72:

    b.   * die Pläne [GenP J. Risch-s, [GenP Architekt-en]]
    the plans J. Risch-CAS, Architect-CAS
    `the plans of J. Risch, architect'
Example #73:

    c.      die Pläne [GenP J. Risch-s, [UnderP Architekt]]
    the plans J.Risch-CAS, architect
    `the plans of J. Risch, architect'
Example #74:

    b.      Anna liest kein Buch, und Zoe liest auch kein-s
    Anna reads no book, and Zoe reads also no-CAS
    Both: `Ann is not reading a book, and neither is Zoe'
Example #75:

    (45)   a.         auf manch rot-em Planet-en
    on many red-CAS planet-CAS
    `on many a red planet'
Example #76:

    b.   * auf manch rot-em Planet
    on many red-CAS planet
    `on many a red planet'
Example #77:

    (47)   a.         aus [DatP prima Holz]
    of excellent wood
    `made of excellent wood'
Example #78:

    b.   * aus [DatP prima Holz-e]
    of excellent wood-CAS
    `made of excellent wood'
Example #79:

    (74)     a.    * ein Haus aus [DatP Holz-e, [DatP dies-em universell-en Baustoff]]
    a house of wood-CAS, this-CAS universal-CAS building material
    `a house made of wood, this universal building material'
Example #80:

    b.      ein Haus aus [DatP Holz, [DatP dies-em universell-en Baustoff]]
    a house of wood, this-CAS universal-CAS building material
    `a house made of wood, this universal building material'
Example #81:

    b.      Lass [AccP mich] [UnderP dein Freund] sein
    Let me your friend be
    Both: `Let me be your friend'
Example #82:

    b.      mit [DatP B. Blum, [UnderP Technisch-er Direktor]]
    with B. Blum, technical-CAS director
    Both: `with B. Blum, technical director'
Example #83:

    b.   * mit [DatP B. Blum, [UnterP d-er Technisch-e Direktor]]
    with B. Blum, the-CAS technical-CAS director
    Both: `with B. Blum, technical director'
Example #84:

    b.      der Vorschlag [GenP d-es Direktors, [UnderP Bernhard Blum]]
    the proposal the-CAS director-CAS, B. Blum
    Both: `the proposal of the director, Bernhard Blum'
Example #85:

    b.       mit [DatP ein-em Paar [UnderP braun-e Schuhe]]
    with a-CAS pair brown-CAS shoes
    Both: `with a pair of brown shoes'
Example #86:

    Revolution]]
    tion
    Both: `the arrest of the general as notorious wire-puller of the revolution'
Example #87:

    Land des Subkontinents]], zeigen (Duden IX 1997: 76)
    ... Brasil-CAS, the-CAS largest-CAS country the-CAS subcontinent-CAS ...
    subcontinent'
Example #88:

    tion]]
    the arrest the-CAS general-CAS as the-CAS wire-puller the-CAS revolution
    `the arrest of the general as the wire-puller of the revolution'
Example #89:

    Revolution]]
    tion
    `the arrest of the general as notorious wire-puller of the revolution'
Example #90:

    Revolution]]
    tion]]
    `the arrest of the general as notorious wire-puller of the revolution'
Example #91:

    d.      mit [DatP ein-em Glas [UnderP kalt-es Wasser]]
    with a-CAS kalt-CAS Wasser
    All: `with a glass of cold water'