ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Francesca Del Gobbo (2001). Appositives Schmappositives in Chinese.

URL: http://www.usc.edu/dept/LAS/ealc/chinling/articles/apposit8.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2339&langcode=cmn (2018-10-23).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     na ge [dai yanjing de] nanhai
    that CL wear glasses DE boy
    `that boy, who wears glasses'
Example #2:

    (2)     [dai yanjiing de] na ge nanhai
    wear glasses DE that CL boy
    `the boy who wears glasses'
Example #3:

    b.        Zhangsan hen congming. Lisi conglai jiu bu congming.
    Zhangsan very smart    Lisi ever just not smart.
    `Zhangsan is intelligent. Lisi never has been.'
Example #4:

    zou.
    be women DE we          think be men DE you should leave
    who are men should go.'
Example #5:

    (11)    [Shi nuren de] tamen juede [shi nanren de] tamen dei zou.
    be women DE they think be men DE they should leave
    them who are men should go.'
Example #6:

    (12)    Women nuren juede nimen nanren dei         zou.
    we     women think you men should go
    `We, women, think that you, men, should go.'
Example #7:

    tiaowude.
    dancers
    `Every student who wears socks is a dancer.'
Example #8:

    tiaowude.
    dancers
    `Every student who wears socks is a dancer.'
Example #9:

    tameni   de] naxie ren.
    them     DE those people
    `Every   student forgives those who insult him.'
Example #10:

    (i)      Meige nongfu dou you yiliang [yonglai shoucheng de] chezi.
    every farmer all have one-CL use-for harvest        DE cart
    `Every farmer has a car that he uses for harvesting.'
Example #11:

    chezi.
    car
    `Every farmer doesn't have a cart that he uses for harvesting.'
Example #12:

    (20)   a.      Wo xiang zhao (yi-ge)       [hui dazi de] mishu.
    I want find (one-CL) can type DE secretary
    `I want to look for a secretary that can type.'
Example #13:

    b.      ??Wo xiang zhao [hui dazi de] yi-ge mishu.
    I want find can type DE one-CL secretary
    `I want to look for a secretary that can type.'
Example #14:

    hen piaoliang.
    very beautiful
    `The girl that I saw, who John dislikes, is beautiful.'
Example #15:

    shu.
    book
    like'
Example #16:

    shu.
    book
    Zhangsan doesn't like'
Example #17:

    friend
    pengyou
    `The Zhangsan you saw yesterday is my friend.'
Example #18:

    (28)    [Zhangsan renshi tai de mama de] nayige nuhaii hen piaoliang.
    Zhangsan know her DE mum DE that girl very beautiful
    lit. `The girl whose mother Zhangsan knows is beautiful.'
Example #19:

    (29)    a.      na yige         [chouyan de] ren
    that one-CL smoke DE person
    lit. `that person that smokes'
Example #20:

    b.      [chouyan de] na yige          ren
    smoke DE that one-CL person
    lit. `the person that smokes'
Example #21:

    zhongyiyuan hen        zanshang Kennedy.
    congressman very       admire Kennedy
    Kennedy.'
Example #22:

    zanshang Kennedy.
    admire Kennedy
    `Few congressmen who voted for him admire Kennedy'.
Example #23:

    hen zanshang Kennedy.
    very admire Kennedy
    `Few congressmen who are junior admire Kennedy'.