ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Kitagawa, Yoshihisa (2005). PROSODY, SYNTAX AND PRAGMATICS OF WH-QUESTIONS IN JAPANESE.

URL: http://www.indiana.edu/~ykling/kitagawa2005EL.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2345&langcode=jpn (2018-04-25).

 

Example #1:

    (1) (?)~??John-wa [ Mary-ga     nani-o    katta-kadouka ]     shiritagatte-iru-no?
    -Top      -Nom what-Acc bought- CompWthr want.to.know-CompWh
    263))
Example #2:

    (2) a. DAre-ga yoku ohiru-ni ramen-o           toru-no
    who-Nom often lunch-for ramen-Acc order- CompWh
    'Who often has ramen noodles delivered for lunch?'
Example #3:

    (5) a. John-wa [ Mary-ga         NAni-o eranda-to ]             imademo omoikonderu-no
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc chose-CompThat                still    believe-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John still believes [ that Mary chose it1 ]?'
Example #4:

    (6) a. Keisatsu-wa [ kanojo-ga ano-ban                       DAre-to atteita-ka ] i mademo shirabeteiru-no
    police-Top      she-Nom that-night who-with seeing-CompWh still searching-Comp                  Y/N
    'Are the police still investigating [ who1 she was with t1 that night ]?'
Example #5:

    b. Keisatsu-wa [ kanojo-ga ano-ban           DAre-to atteita-ka ] imademo      shirabeteiru-no
    -CompWthr                 -CompWh
    night]?'
Example #6:

    (7) Jaa chotto zenzen kankeinai koto-o                tazuneru-kedo.
    then bit       at.all  unrelated      matter-Acc ask-though
    'Then, let me ask you about a totally unrelated matter.'
Example #7:

    sonna kantanna koto-o           daREMO YAROU-TO SHINAkatta.
    such easy         matter-Acc anyone         will.do  did.not
    'No one was willing to do an easy thing like that.'
Example #8:

    kuchi-ni-wa-dasanai
    does.not.mention
    'Whatever that kid may want to eat, he will not mention it.'
Example #9:

    (9) (?)~??John-wa [ Mary-ga     nani-o    katta-kadouka ]     shiritagatte-iru-no?
    -Top      -Nom what-Acc bought- CompWthr want.to.know-CompWh
    'What1 does John want to know [ whether Mary bought t1 ]?' (Watanabe (1992:256-2
Example #10:

    (13) a.       John-wa [ Mary-ga       nani-o    katta   kadouka ] dare-ni tazuneta-no?
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc bought CompWthr who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #11:

    b. ??John-wa [ Mary-ga         nani-o    katta    kadouka ] Tom-ni tazuneta-no?
    what-Acc           CompWthr Tom-Dat          -Comp       Wh
    'What1 is such that John asked Tom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #12:

    c. ??John-wa [ dare-ga       nani-o    katta   kadouka ] Tom-ni tazuneta-no?
    who-Nom what-Acc              CompWthr                 -Comp           Wh
    'Who1 is such that John asked Tom [ whether she1 bought what ]?'
Example #13:

    (14) (?)~??John-wa [ Mary-ga      nani-o      katta-kadouka ]  shiritagatte-iru-no?
    -Top        -Nom what-Acc bought- CompWthr want.to.know-Comp              Wh
    'What1 is such that John wants to know [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #14:

    Keisatsu-wa [ ano-ban DAre-ga     DAre-to atteita-ka ]      miN na -ni     tazuneta-no
    police-TOP that-night who-Nom who-with seeing-CompWh everyone-Dat asked-Comp             Y/N
    'Did the police ask everyone [ who was with whom that night ]?'
Example #15:

    b. Keisatsu-wa [ ano-ban Mary-ga DAre-to atteitta-ka ]            DAre-ni tazuneta-no
    police-TOP that-nightMary-Nom who-with seeing-CompWthr who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'Who1 is such that the police asked [ whom whether Mary was with him1 that night
Example #16:

    c. Keisatsu-wa [ ano-ban DAre-ga DAre-to atteitta-ka ]             kimi-ni tazuneta-no
    police-TOP that-night who-Nom who-with seeing-CompWthr you-Dat asked-CompWh
    'Who1 is such that the police asked you [ whether he1 was with whom that night ]
Example #17:

    (16) a. Un sou sou. miNNA-ni           [ DAre-ga DAre-to atteitta-ka ]      tazunetandayo.
    yes so so everyone-Dat who-Nom who-with seeing-CompWh asked
    'Yes. That's right. They asked everyone [ who was with whom that night ].
Example #18:

    b. Kanojo-ga JOhn-to atteitta-ka(douka) BIll-ni         tazuneta-rashii-desuyo.
    she-Nom      John-with seeing-CompWthr Bill-Dat asked-seems
    'They seem to have asked Bill whether she (= Mary) was with John.'
Example #19:

    c. MAry-ga JOhn-to atteitta-ka(douka) tazune-rareta-yo.
    Mary-Nom John-with seeing-CompWthr was.asked
    'I was asked whether Mary was with John that night.'
Example #20:

    (i) Keisatsu-wa [ ano-ban DAre-ga dare-to atteitta-ka ]           kimi-ni tazuneta-no
    police-TOP     that-night who-Nom who-with seeing-CompWh you-Dat asked-Comp            Wh
    'Who1 is such that the police asked you [ who2 he1 was with t2 ]?'
Example #21:

    (17) [ ano-ban Mary-ga DAre-to atteitta-ka ]        keISATSU-WA DAre-ni tazuneta-no
    that-night Mary-Nom who-with seeing-CompWh police-TOP            who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'Whom did the police ask [ whom1 Mary was with t1 that night ]?'
Example #22:

    (13) a.   John-wa [ Mary-ga       nani-o    katta   kadouka ] dare-ni tazuneta-no?
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc bought CompWthr who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #23:

    b. ??John-wa [ Mary-ga       nani-o    katta    kadouka ] Tom-ni tazuneta-no?
    what-Acc           CompWthr Tom-Dat          -Comp                 Wh
    'What1 is such that John asked Tom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #24:

    c. ??John-wa [ dare-ga       nani-o    katta   kadouka ] Tom-ni tazuneta-no?
    who-Nom what-Acc              CompWthr                 -Comp           Wh
    'Who1 is such that John asked Tom [ whether she1 bought what ]?'
Example #25:

    John-wa [ Mary-ga NAni-o katta-kadouka ] DAre-ni tazuneta-no
    what-Acc       -CompWthr who-Dat          -Comp           Wh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #26:

    (20) [ Mary-ga NAni-o         katta-ka ]              Jo hn-wa DAre-ni     tazuneta-no
    what-Acc         -CompWh John-Top               who-Dat          -Comp   Wh
    'Whom did John ask [ what1 Mary bought t1 ]?'
Example #27:

    John-wa [ DAre-ga NAni-o         katta-kadouka ] Tom-ni       tazuneta-no
    who-Nom what-Acc            -CompWthr Tom-Dat               -Comp       Wh
    'Who1 is such that John asked Tom [ whether she1 bought what ]?'
Example #28:

    John-wa [ DAre-ga NAni-o         katta-ka ]        Tom-ni     tazuneta-no
    who-Nom what-Acc            -CompWthr Tom-Dat               -Comp       Wh
    'Who1 is such that John asked Tom [ whether she1 bought what ]?'
Example #29:

    (23) John-wa [ Mary-ga NAni-o        katta-kadouka ] Tom-ni tazuneta-no
    what-Acc        -CompWthr Tom-Dat          -Comp          Wh
    'What1 is such that John asked Tom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #30:

    (1) (?)~??John-wa [ Mary-ga      nani-o     katta-kadouka ]   shiritagatte-iru-no?
    -Top       -Nom what-Acc bought- CompWthr want.to.know-Comp               Wh
    'What1 is such that John wants to know [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #31:

    (10) #John-wa [ Mary-ga       NAni-o        katta-kadouka ]   i mademo shiritagatteiru-no
    what-Acc       - CompWthr still                           -Comp   Y/N
    'Does John still want to know [ whether Mary bought what ]?'
Example #32:

    (11) John-wa [ Mary-ga NAni-o             katta-kadouka ] imademo         shiritagatteiru-no
    what-Acc             - CompWthr still                        -Comp   Wh
    'What1 is such that John still wants to know [ whether Mary ate it1 ]?'
Example #33:

    (10) #John-wa [ Mary-ga       NAni-o          katta-kadouka ]       i mademo shiritagatteiru-no
    what-Acc       - CompWthr still                               -Comp   Y/N
    'Does John still want to know [ whether Mary bought what ]?'
Example #34:

    (11) John-wa [ Mary-ga NAni-o             katta-kadouka ] imademo         shiritagatteiru-no
    what-Acc             - CompWthr still                        -Comp       Wh
    'What1 is such that John still wants to know [ whether Mary ate it1 ]?'
Example #35:

    (31) a. John-wa [ Mary-ga        NAni-o          tabeta-ka ]        i mademo shiritagatteiru
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc ate-CompWh                   still          want.to.know
    'John still wants to know [ what1 Mary ate t1 ].'
Example #36:

    b. John-wa [ Mary-ga NAni-o                 shikago-no  furenchi-resutoran-de tabeta-ka ]
    i mademo       shiritagatteiru ]
    'John still wants to know [ what1 Mary ate t1 at a French restaurant in Chicago
Example #37:

    i mademo shiritagatteiru ]
    surrounding.people-by stopped-until           full           ate-CompWh
    she became completely full and was stopped by the people on the scene ].'
Example #38:

    i mademo                  shiranai ]
    still                      do.not.know
    until she became completely full and was stopped by the people on the scene.'
Example #39:

    a.   John-wa [ Mary-ga       NAni-o katta-kadouka ]       DAre-ni tazuneta-no?
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc bought-CompWthr who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #40:

    b. ??John-wa [ Mary-ga       NAni-o katta-kadouka ]       Tom-ni tazuneta-no?
    what-Acc       -CompWthr     Tom-Dat         -Comp          Wh
    'What1 is such that John asked Tom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #41:

    John-wa DAre-ni [Mary-ga NAni-o katta-kadouka ] tazuneta-no?
    John-Top who-Dat Mary-Nom what-Acc bought-CompWthr asked-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #42:

    (33) *Satou-kun-wa [ Suzuki-kun-ga       NAni-o tabeta-kadouka ] oboete-imasu-ka?
    Mr. Sato-TOP      Mr. Suzuki-Nom what-Acc ate-CompWthr           remember-CompWh
    'What1 is such that Mr. Sato remembers [ whether or not Mr. Suzuki ate it1 ]?'
Example #43:

    kakunin-shiyou-toshiteiru-no?
    trying.to.confirm-CompWh
    suffered from food poisoning ate it1 ]?'
Example #44:

    DAre-to atteita-ka ]         tsukitometa-no?
    who-with seeing-CompWthr found.out-CompWh
    killed ]?'
Example #45:

    (41) Tom-wa [ Jane-ga DOno otokonoko-ni denwashiteita-ka ] yatara kinishiteita-no?
    Tom-Top Jane-Nom which boy-Dat             calling-CompWthr awfully worried-CompWh
    'Which boy1 is such that Tom was so anxious about if Jane was calling him1?'
Example #46:

    b. Naoko-san-wa Jakku-ga dare-o    saketeiru-ka      kiiteimasu-ka?
    Naoko- Ms.-Top Jack-Nom who-Acc avoiding-CompWthr informed-Comp                   Wh
    'Who1 is such that Naoko has been informed if Jack is avoiding her1?'
Example #47:

    ima-wa [ Mary-ga DOko-de kekkon-suru-ka ] siritagatteiru.
    now-Top       -Nomwhere       get.married-CompWh want.to.know
    wants to know where she is getting married.'
Example #48:

    (1) (?)~??John-wa [ Mary-ga     nani-o    katta-kadouka ]      shiritagatte-iru-no?
    -Top      -Nom what-Acc bought- CompWthr want.to.know-Comp                 Wh
    'What1 does John want to know [ whether Mary bought t1 ]?'
Example #49:

    (45) Yoshimoto-san-wa joushi-ga dare-o shukkou-saseta-ka                   toiawasemashita-ka?
    Mr/s.Yoshimoto-Topboss-Nom who-Acc send.on.loan-cause-CompWthr asked-CompWh
    'Who1 is such that Ms. Yoshimoto asked her boss if that person1 was sent on loan
Example #50:

    (3) a. # da re-ga     yo ku     o hi ru-ni    ra men-o     toru-no
    who-Nom often lunch-for ramen-Acc order- CompWh
    'Who often has ramen noodles delivered for lunch?'
Example #51:

    (46) a. #John-wa [ Mary-ga         NAni-o      eranda-to ]          i mademo     omotteiru-no?
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc selected-CompThat still                     think-Comp   Wh
    ( or '*Does John still think [ that Mary selected what ]?')
Example #52:

    b. John-wa [ Mary-ga        NAni-o eranda-to ]               imademo      omotteiru-no
    what-Acc           -CompThat                          -Comp     Wh
    'What1 does John still think [ that Mary selected t1]?'
Example #53:

    b. #DAre-ga   nani-o       katta-no
    who-Nom what-Acc bought-Comp          Wh
    'Who bought what?'
Example #54:

    a. #John-wa [ DAre-ga NAni-o katta-to ]              To m-ni omowaseta-no
    John-Top who-Nom what-Acc bought-CompThat Tom-Dat made.believe-CompY                /N
    '*Did John make Tom believe that who bought what?'
Example #55:

    b. John-wa [ DAre-ga NAni-o katta-to ]                Tom-ni omowaseta-no
    John-Top who-Nom what-Acc bought-CompThat Tom-Dat made.believe-Comp                  Wh
    'Who1 is such that John made Tom believe [ that she1 bought what ]?'