ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Susanne Schule (2000). Perception verb complements in Akatek, a Mayan language.

URL: http://w210.ub.uni-tuebingen.de/dbt/volltexte/2000/168/pdf/diss.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2376&langcode=knj (2018-04-25).

 

Example #1:

    1 oj a-ten-in-to j              an
    FUT A2-push-B1-DIR CL1s
    `You push me there.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #2:

    2 a. s-muxuk ix
    A3-navel she
    `her navel' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #3:

    b. in-chee an
    A1-horse CL1s
    `my horse' Zavala 1997, 443
Example #4:

    4 x-in-a-ten                  tej
    PERF-B1-A2-push DIR
    `You pushed me here.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #5:

    8 yet yalixh-to-in an
    when small-still-B1 CL1s
    `When I was small, ::: ' Franco 1993
Example #6:

    9 e-ach
    DAT-B2
    `to you' Zavala 1992b
Example #7:

    24 x-;-in-wey-tse                    aa-o j     na j an
    PERF-B3-A1-sleep-CAUS DIR-IRR he CL1s
    `I caused him to sleep.' Zavala 1992b, 89
Example #8:

    26 a. chi-;-wey                ix Malin
    IMPF-B3-sleep NCL Mary
    `Mary is sleeping.' Zavala 1992b
Example #9:

    27 a. oj-;-w-al                 an
    FUT-B3-A1-say CL1s
    `I will say it.'
Example #10:

    b. oj-in-wey             an
    FUT-B1-sleep CL1s
    `I will sleep.' Zavala 1992b
Example #11:

    c. tejan oj ach-kam-o j
    perhaps FUT B2-die-IRR
    `Maybe you will die.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #12:

    d. chi-            oj-in-wey      yekal     an
    IMPF- FUT-B1-sleep tomorrow CL1s
    `I will sleep tomorrow.' Zavala 1992b
Example #13:

    29 ;-w-eche to ok an y-iin hin-holom an
    B3-A1s-try still DIR CL1s A3-in A1-head CL1s
    `I am going to try it on my head.'
Example #14:

    30 yalixh-to-ach
    little-still-B2
    `You are still little.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #15:

    42 man ;-w-oota j-o j               ta      eyman chi-ach-mulna-i
    NEG B3-A1-know-IRR COND quickly IMPF-B2-work-ITV
    `I didn't knowyou would work so fast.'
Example #16:

    46 in-y-oota j na j an
    B1-A3-know he CL1s
    `He knows me.'
Example #17:

    62 a. ho j a-ten-in-to j               an
    FUT A2-push-B1-DIR CL1s
    `You push me there.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #18:

    b. x-in-a-ten             tej
    PERF-B1-A2-push DIR
    `You pushed me here.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #19:

    65 aw-uu
    A2-by
    `byyou'
Example #20:

    icham an
    old.man CL1s
    `on the horse of my grandfather' Franco 1993
Example #21:

    69 a. s-mam ix Mikin
    A3-father NCL Micaela
    `Micaela's father'
Example #22:

    b. s-mam ix
    A3-father she
    `her father'
Example #23:

    c. s-mam
    A3-father
    `an unspeci ed third person's father'
Example #24:

    70 x-;-w-il                jun wina j x-;-kam        el an
    PERF-B3-A1-see a man PERF-B3-die DIR CL1s
    'I saw a man who died.' Zavala 1992b, 109
Example #25:

    w-uxhta j an
    A1-cousin CL1s
    `with mytwo or three cousins' Franco 1993
Example #26:

    74 x-;-in-wey-tse-aa-o j                         na j an
    PERF-B3-A1-sleep-CAUS-DIR-DIR he CL1s
    `I made him sleep.' Zavala 1992b, 89
Example #27:

    77 ach-ij-cha                    w-uu an
    B2-back.carry-PASS A1-by CL1s
    `I was able to carry you to your detriment.'
Example #28:

    79 aw-uu xan ikis-on on
    A2-by thus alive-B1p CL1p
    `Because of you, we are alive.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #29:

    86 x-in-a-ten                  tej
    PERF-B1-A2-push DIR
    `You pushed me here.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #30:

    88 x-;-kam                na j Xhunik
    PERF-B3-die NCL John
    `John died.' Zavala 1992b, 43b
Example #31:

    89 a. Ok in
    enter B1s
    `I entered.' Ayres 1983, 129
Example #32:

    90 a. x-;-apni                 na j
    ASP-B3-arrive he
    `He arrived.'
Example #33:

    b. xwil y-apni na j an
    I.saw A3-arrive he CL1s
    `I saw him arrive.' Craig 1977, 244
Example #34:

    b. x-;-y-il             ix Mikin a-wey-i
    PERF-B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A2-sleep-ITV
    `Micaela sawyou sleeping.'
Example #35:

    b. x-ach-jul               wey-o j
    PERF-B2-arrive.here sleep-IRR
    `You came here to sleep.' Zavala 1992b, 314
Example #36:

    5 x-;-y-il-on                na j txonwom xin
    PERF-B3-A3-see-SUF NCL merchant then
    `The merchantsaw them.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #37:

    na j Xhunik
    NCL John
    `Micaela saw John hit the dog.'
Example #38:

    b. y-et na j unin
    A3-with NCL child
    `with the child'
Example #39:

    d. s-mam ix
    A3-father she
    `her father'
Example #40:

    28 x-;-y-il                   ix Mikin s-mam y-el-to j
    PERF-B3-A3-hear NCL Micaela A3-father A3-leave-DIR
    `Micaela saw her father leave.'
Example #41:

    a-mulna-i
    A2-work-ITV
    `Micaela heard that you worked.'
Example #42:

    ach-mulna-i
    B2-work-ITV
    `Micaela heard that you worked.'
Example #43:

    a-wey-i
    A2-sleep-ITV
    `Micaela sawhowyou sleep.'
Example #44:

    an
    CL1s
    `He saw me arrive at the house.'
Example #45:

    in-an
    B1-CL1s
    `She sawyou hitting me anyway.'
Example #46:

    48 x-;-y-il                 ix Mikin aw-el-le-to j
    PERF-B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A2-leave-ITE-DIR
    `Micaela sawyou trying to leave.'
Example #47:

    maasanil anima
    all       people
    `Micaela saw many all people leave.'
Example #48:

    56 ach-ij-cha                   w-uu an
    B2-back.carry-PASS A1-by CL1s
    `I was able to carry you to your detriment.'
Example #49:

    57 ach-ij-le                    w-uu an
    B2-back.carry-PASS A1-by CL1s
    `You were carried by me.' Zavala 1997, 454
Example #50:

    60 a. x-;-y-il                   ix Mikin aw-el-to j
    PERF-B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A2-leave-DIR
    `Micaela sawyou leave.'
Example #51:

    b. x-;-y-il             ix Mikin s-wey s-mam ix
    PERF-B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A3-sleep A3-father she
    `Micaela saw her father sleep.'
Example #52:

    y-uu na j wina j
    A3-by NCL man
    `Micaela saw the tree being cut by the man.'
Example #53:

    y-uu na j wina j
    A3-by NCL man
    `Micaela saw the man managing to cut the tree.'
Example #54:

    y-uu na j wina j
    A3-by NCL man
    `Micaela saw the man had cut the tree.'
Example #55:

    in-an
    B1-CL1s
    `Micaela accidentally sawyou hitting me.'
Example #56:

    wina j
    man
    `Micaela saw the man cutting rewood.'
Example #57:

    85 x-ach-il-wi              el-to j
    PERF-B2-see-AP DIR-DIR
    `You kept looking out.'
Example #58:

    s-mulna-i
    A3-work-ITV
    `It was John whom Micaela sawwork.'
Example #59:

    na j Xhunik
    NCL John
    `It was you who Micaela saw John hitting you.'
Example #60:

    Xhunik
    John
    `It was you who Micaela saw John hitting you.'
Example #61:

    na j Xhunik
    NCL John
    `It was you whom Micaela saw John hit.'
Example #62:

    Mikin.
    Micaela
    were cutting wood.'
Example #63:

    na j wina j
    NCL man
    `Micaela heard the man selling rewood.'
Example #64:

    an
    CL1s
    `It was you who gave me the large basket.'
Example #65:

    122 ;-q-il-to                a-chop
    B3-A1p-see-still A2-buttocks
    `Let us see your buttocks.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #66:

    123 chi-xa-hach-w-il-ol-o j
    IMPF-already-B2-A1-see-DIR-IRR
    `I'll see you when I return.' Penalosa & Say 1992
Example #67:

    ;-y-oota j-on      na j pale
    B3-A3-know-SUF NCL priest
    `Micaela saw John know the priest.'
Example #68:

    chi-;-kus        ix Mikin
    IMPF-B3-be.sad NCL Micaela
    `Peter saw that Micaela was sad.'
Example #69:

    b. ;-y-il              ix Mikin s-kus           ix unin
    PERF-B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A3-be.sad NCL child
    `Micaela saw the child being sad.'
Example #70:

    127 a. ? ;-y-il             ix Mikin s-howi              ix unin
    B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A3-be.angry NCL child
    `Micaela saw the boy being angry.'
Example #71:

    b. y-il         ix Mikin s-howi             el ix unin
    B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A3-be.angry DIR NCL child
    `Micaela saw the girl getting becoming angry.'
Example #72:

    x-;-too        ix
    PERF-B3-go she
    `She sawyou didn't leave and so she left.'
Example #73:

    b. wal chi-;-mulna na j
    really IMPF-B3-work he
    `He works a lot too much.
Example #74:

    in-an
    B1-CL1s
    `Micaela sawhowmuchyou hit me.'
Example #75:

    la
    ADM
    `Micaela sawyou leave like this!'
Example #76:

    aw-el-to j
    A2-leave-DIR
    `Micaela sawyou possibly leave.'
Example #77:

    ix
    she
    `She came down with a terrible sickness and she died.'
Example #78:

    143 lalan-; s-too na j
    PROG-B3 A3-go he
    `He is going now.'
Example #79:

    145 a. ;-y-il             ix Mikin lalan-; a-mulna-i
    B3-A3-see NCL Micaela PROG-B3 A2-work-ITV
    `Micaela sawyou working.'
Example #80:

    b. ;-y-il       ix Mikin a-mulna-i
    B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A2-work-ITV
    `Micaela sawyou work.'
Example #81:

    an
    CL1s
    `I saw the man dying.'
Example #82:

    wina j
    man
    `I saw the man dying.'
Example #83:

    148 a. x-;-laa-wi                   a-mulna-i
    PERF-B3-end-AP A2-work-ITV
    `You nished working.'
Example #84:

    Mikin
    Micaela
    `Micaela becan to cut rewood.'
Example #85:

    165 a. ;-y-oota j ix unin chi-;-y-aa-ok                         paat
    B3-A3-know NCL child IMPF-B3-A3-put-DIR tortilla
    `The child knows how to make tortillas.'
Example #86:

    b. ;-y-oota j ix unin ;-y-aa-on-ok                 paat
    B3-A3-know NCL child B3-A3-put-SUF-DIR tortilla
    `The child knows how to make tortillas.'
Example #87:

    d. x-;-y-ujte             ix Mikin s-wey na j unin
    PERF-B3-A3-chase NCL Micaela A3-sleep NCL child
    `Micaela sent the child to sleep.'
Example #88:

    173 a. * ;-s-chej ix Mikin na j unin s-wey-o j
    B3-A3-ask NCL Micaela NCL child A3-sleep-IRR
    `Micaela asked the boy to go to sleep.'
Example #89:

    b. ;-s-chej ix Mikin na j unin s-wey-i
    B3-A3-ask NCL Micaela NCL child A3-sleep-ITV
    `Micaela asked the boy to go to sleep.'
Example #90:

    174 a. x-ach-s-chej               a-wey na j Xhunik
    PERF-B2-A3-ask A2-sleep NCL John
    `John sentyou to sleep.'
Example #91:

    b. x-ach-s-chej         wey na j Xhunik
    PERF-B2-A3-ask sleep NCL John
    `John sentyou to sleep.'
Example #92:

    ix unin 1
    NCL child
    `John sent the child there to wash dishes.'
Example #93:

    Xhunik
    John
    `Micaela was urged to sleep by John.'
Example #94:

    Xhunik
    John
    `You were sent there to wash dishes by John.'
Example #95:

    ix Mikin
    NCL Micaela
    `It was John whom Micaela forced to leave.'
Example #96:

    y-el-to j      ix Mikin
    A3-leave-DIR NCL Micaela
    him leave.'
Example #97:

    na j
    he
    `They saw that he had spoken the truth.'
Example #98:

    190 ;-w-al-on-i                  tol    o j-ach-kam-o j y-eto j ix
    B3-A1-say-SUF-ITV COMP FUT-B2-die-IRR A3-with she
    `I said that you and she were going to die.'
Example #99:

    191 ;-y-oota j ix Mikin tol                    x-;-too      ix unin
    B3-A3-know NCL Micaela COMP PERF-B3-go NCL child
    `Micaela knew that the child had left.'
Example #100:

    txitam
    pig
    `Micaela heard that the pig was scheduled to die.'
Example #101:

    an
    CL1s
    `Micaela saw that I hit you.'
Example #102:

    an
    CL1s
    `Micaela saw that I hit you.'
Example #103:

    chee
    horse
    `I saw that the horse died.'
Example #104:

    205 a. x-;-y-il                   ix Mikin a-wey-i
    PERF-B3-A3-see NCL Micaela A2-sleep-ITV
    `Micaela sawyou sleeping.'
Example #105:

    b. x-ach-y-il           ix Mikin a-wey-i
    PERF-B2-A3-see NCL Micaela A2-sleep-ITV
    `Micaela sawyou sleeping.'
Example #106:

    206 x-ach-y-il               ix Mikin tol          chi-ach-wey-i
    PERF-B2-A3-see NCL Micaela COMP IMPF-B2-sleep-ITV
    `Micaela saw that you were sleeping.'
Example #107:

    an
    CL1s
    `I sawyou eating alone.'
Example #108:

    an
    CL1s
    `I saw that you were eating alone.'
Example #109:

    225 x-;-y-il                 ix Mikin ey-; s-mul na j Xhunik
    PERF-B3-A3-see NCL Micaela EX-B3 A3-sin NCL John
    `Micaela saw that John was guilty.'