ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Sze-Wing Tang (2005). CHINESE SMALL CLAUSES REVISITED.

URL: http://www.cbs.polyu.edu.hk/tang/handouts/HANDOUT%20TEAL3.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2380&langcode=cmn (2018-07-23).

 

Example #1:

    (1) Wo dang [ni shagua].
    I consider you fool
    `I consider you a fool.
Example #2:

    (2) Ni shagua.
    you fool
    `You are a fool.'
Example #3:

    (4) *Ni yi-ge shagua.
    you one-Cl fool
    `You are a fool.'
Example #4:

    (5) *Ta yexu Zhangsan.
    he perhaps Zhangsan
    `He is perhaps Zhangsan.'
Example #5:

    (6) *Ta qiongguangdan laizhe.
    he poor-bare-egg SFP
    `He was just a pauper.'
Example #6:

    (7) Ni ge sha dongxi!                                          (Mandarin)
    you Cl silly thing
    `You fool!'
Example #7:

    (11) Ge hundan! Fan Xingkui! Fan Xingkui!
    Cl bastard Fan Xingkui Fan Xingkui
    `Bastard! Fan Xingkui! Fan Xingkui!'
Example #8:

    (12) Ge quede lanshegenzi-de!
    Cl mean gossip-Mod
    `Mean gossip!'
Example #9:

    (13) Na ge ren       jianzhi pianzi me!
    that Cl person simply fraudster SFP
    `That person is simply a fraudster.'
Example #10:

    (14) Na yiding      hao xiaoxi.
    that certainly good news
    `That is certainly good news.'
Example #11:

    (18) Ni xuesheng ma?
    you student Q
    `Are you a student?'
Example #12:

    (19) Wo dang [ni ge shagua].
    I consider you Cl fool
    `I consider you a fool.'
Example #13:

    (20) Wo ba [ni ge shagua] ma-le yi dun.
    I BA you Cl fool      scold one Cl
    `I scolded you fool.'
Example #14:

    (21) Wo bei [ni ge shagua] pian-le.
    I BEI you Cl fool cheat-Perf
    `I was cheated by you fool.'
Example #15:

    (25) zhe yi-ge shagua
    this one-Cl fool
    `this fool'
Example #16:

    (27) Wo dang [ta [quan shijie zui da]-de yi-ge shagua].
    I consider he all world most big Mod one-Cl fool
    `I consider him the biggest fool in the whole world.'
Example #17:

    (31) *Ni yi-ge shagua.
    you one-Cl fool
    `You fool!'
Example #18:

    (32) Ni shagua yi-ge.
    you fool one-Cl
    `You one fool!'
Example #19:

    (34) Wo Xianggang ren.
    I    Hongkong person
    `I am a person from Hong Kong.'
Example #20:

    (35) Wo ge Xianggang ren.
    I Cl Hong Kong person
    `I am just a person from Hong Kong.'
Example #21:

    (36) Ni ge zei wangba!
    you Cl thief bastard
    `You bastard!'
Example #22:

    (37) Ni yi shagua!
    you all fool
    `You are a (big) fool.'
Example #23:

    (38) Zhengge yi shamaor!
    entirely all idiot
    `(Somebody) is an idiot completely.'
Example #24:

    (39) Wo gei ta chu-le yi-ge zhuyi.
    I for he offer-Perf one-Cl idea
    `I gave him an idea.'
Example #25:

    (40) Wo gei ta chu-le yi zhuyi.
    I for he offer-Perf one idea
    `I gave him an idea.'
Example #26:

    (42) Ta kan-le san tian shu.                                      (activity predicate)
    he read-Perf three day book
    `He read for three days.'
Example #27:

    (44) Fasheng-le yi-jian chehuo.                                   (unaccusative)
    happen-Perf one-Cl traffic accident
    `There happened a traffic accident.'
Example #28:

    (46) Zhe ping jiu zhui-de ta zhan-bu-qilai             (causative)
    this Cl wine drunk-DE he stand-not-up
    `This bottle of wine got him so drunk that he could not stand up.'
Example #29:

    (48) Zhangsan congming.
    Zhangsan clever
    `Zhangsan is clever.'
Example #30:

    (50) Ta kan-le zhe ben shu le.
    he read-Perf this Cl book SFP
    `He read this book.'
Example #31:

    (52) Ni hen gao.
    you very tall
    `You are tall.'
Example #32:

    (54) (??)Ni shagua.
    you fool
    `You are a fool (as a permanent property).'
Example #33:

    (55) (??)Ni kan shu.
    you read book
    `You read (as a habit).'
Example #34:

    (56) (??)Ni gao.
    you tall
    `You are tall/should be tall.'
Example #35:

    (57) Ni shagua, ta bendan.
    you fool he idiot
    `You are a fool and he is an idiot.'
Example #36:

    (58) Ni kan shu, ta chang ge.
    you read book he sing song
    `You read and he sings.'
Example #37:

    (59) Ni gao, ta ai.
    you tall he short
    `You are tall and he is short.'
Example #38:

    (60) Ni ge shagua!
    you Cl fool
    `You fool!'
Example #39:

    (62) Zhe ping jiu ba ta zhui-de zhan-bu-qilai
    this Cl wine BA he drunk-DE stand-not-up
    `This bottle of wine got him so drunk that he could not stand up.'
Example #40:

    (63) Wo ba huaping dapo-le.
    I BA vase       break-Perf
    `I broke the vase.'
Example #41:

    (65) Ta zou-le.
    he leave-Perf
    `He left.'
Example #42:

    (67) ??Ni gao.
    you tall
    `You are tall.'