ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Law, Ann (2001). A-not-A questions in Cantonese.

URL: http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/publications/WPL/01papers/law.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2385&langcode=yue (2018-07-23).

 

Example #1:

    (8)   a. nei heoi-m-heoi Baalai          aa3?
    you go-not-go    Paris          SFP
    "Are you going to Paris?"
Example #2:

    b. nei heoi Baalai me1?
    you go Paris SFP
    "Are you going to Paris? (I thought you were not going.)"
Example #3:

    c. nei m heoi Baalai me1?
    you not go Paris SFP
    "Are you not going to Paris? (I thought you were going.)"
Example #4:

    (12) a. keoi jingwai nei maai matje zeoihou?
    s/he think       you buy what best
    "What is the thing (x) such that s/he thinks that you buy x is the best?"
Example #5:

    b. *keoi jingwai nei dimgaai heoi Baalai zeoi haplei?
    s/he   think you why           go Paris most reasonable
    "Why (x), s/he thinks that you go to Paris x is the most reasonable?"
Example #6:

    c. *nei   gokdak ngo jing- m-jinggoi          heoi Baalai beigaau            hou?
    you feel       I      should-not-should go Paris comparatively good
    "Do you feel that it is better for me to go to Paris or not go to Paris?"
Example #7:

    (13) a. John janwai Mary gong zo matje nau                   ne?
    John because Mary say ASP what angry SFP
    "What is the thing (x) such that John got angry because Mary said x?"
Example #8:

    b. *John janwai Mary dimgaai gongje           nau    ne?
    John because Mary why           say-thing angry SFP
    "Why (x), John got angry because Mary said something x?"
Example #9:

    c. *John janwai Mary gong- m-gongje nau                  ne?
    John because Mary say- not-say-thing angry SFP
    anything?"
Example #10:

    (14) a. nei zungji bingo se       ge     syu?
    you like who write GEN book
    "W ho is the person (x) such that you like the books that x wrote?"
Example #11:

    b. *nei zungji keoi dimgaai se          ge    syu?
    you like     s/he why       write GEN book
    "Why (x), you like the books that s/he wrote x?"
Example #12:

    c. *nei gin gwo sik-m-sik           tiuseoi ge jan?
    you see ASP know-not-know dive           GEN person
    "Have you met people who can dive or people who cannot dive?"
Example #13:

    (16) ni go jauwai gaiwaak kap-m- kapjan               dou houdo haak aa3? (many)
    this CL discount plan        attract-not-attract PRT many customer SFP
    "Did this promotion plan attract many customers?"
Example #14:

    (17) John ceoi-m-ceoi        dou sojau ge             laapzuk aa3? (all)
    John blow- not-blow PRT all        CL            candle SFP
    "Can John blow out all the candles?"
Example #15:

    (18) sinsaang gamnin wui-m- wui sunglaimat bei mui go hoksaang aa3? (every)
    teacher this-year will-not-will give gift to every CLstudent SFP
    "Will the teacher give presents to every student this year?"
Example #16:

    (19) nei soeng- m-soeng ziugwu      jat di dukgeoi ge          loujangaa aa3?
    you want- not-want look-after one CL alone -live GEN elderly         SFP
    "Do you want to look after some old people who live alone?         (some)
Example #17:

    (20) nei ho-m- hoji sung loeng go bo            bei go siupangjau aa3? (numeral NP)
    you can- not-can give two CL balloon to CL child             SFP
    "Can you give two balloons t o this child?"
Example #18:

    (21) *mui go hoksaang dou zung- m-zungji tai      dinsi aa3?                             (every)
    every CL student all like -not-like    watch TV SFP
    "Does every student like watching TV?"
Example #19:

    (22) *go-go hoksaang dou jau- mou4              gaau hokfai            aa3?              (all)
    CL-CL student all have -not-have pay       school fees SFP
    "Did all students pay the school fees?"
Example #20:

    (23) *sojau sansang dou sai-m-sai           heoi tousyugwun boudou aa3?        (all)
    all    fresher all need- not-need go library          report SFP
    "Do all freshers need to report at the library?"
Example #21:

    (24) *jau (jat-) di jan      soeng-m-soeng waanjau saigaai aa3?                (some)
    have (one -) CL person want- not- want go-around world SFP
    "Do some people want to travel around the world?"
Example #22:

    (25) *jau houdo/housiu jan       teng- m-teng   Radio 3 gaa3?             (many/few)
    have many/few    person listen-not-listen Radio 3 SFP
    "Do many/few people listen to Radio 3?"
Example #23:

    (26) *jau loeng go hoksaang wui- m- wui caamgaa beicoi aa3? (numeral NP)
    have two CL student will-not- will participate contest SFP
    "Are two students going to participate in the contest?"
Example #24:

    (27) *moujan sik-m-sik      gong Jingman gaa3?                       (negative QNP)
    nobody know- not-knowspeak English SFP
    "Does nobody speak English?"
Example #25:

    (28) *dou zung- m-zungji tai      dinsi aa3, mui go hoksaang?                  (every)
    all like-not-like    watch TV SFP every CL student
    "Does every student like watching TV?"
Example #26:

    (29) *dou jau-mou         gaau hokfai        aa3, go-go hoksaang?              (all)
    all have - not-have pay school fees SFP CL-CL student
    "Did all students pay the school fees?"
Example #27:

    (30) *soeng-m-soeng waanjau saigaai aa3, jau (jat -) di jan?                     (some)
    want-not-want go-around world SFP have (one-) CL person
    "Do some people want to travel around the world?"
Example #28:

    (31) *teng- m-teng Radio 3 gaa3, jau houdo/housiu            jan?           (many/few)
    listen-not-listen Radio 3 SFP have many/few             person
    "Do many/few people listen to Radio 3?"
Example #29:

    (33) a. *zou segung          gingsoeng jiu-m-jiu        ceot ngoizin gaa3?
    do    social worker often       need- not-need out outreach SFP
    "As a social worker, do you often need to do outreach work?"
Example #30:

    b. zou segung         jiu-m-jiu       gingsoeng ceot ngoizin gaa3?
    do social worker need-not-need often          out outreach SFP
    "As a social worker, do you often need to do outreach work?"
Example #31:

    (34) a. *ngo zinghai ho-m-hoji gaau jat pin man?
    I   only can- not-can submit one CL paper
    "Can I only submit one paper?"
Example #32:

    b. ngo ho-m-hoji      zinghai gaau jat pin man?
    I   can- not-can only submit one CL paper
    "Can I only submit one paper?"
Example #33:

    (35) a. *ngo jatding       jiu-m-jiu        gaau loeng pin man?
    I    necessarily need-not-need submit two CL paper
    "Do I necessarily have to submit t wo papers?"
Example #34:

    b. ?ngo jiu-m-jiu        jatding      gaau loeng pin man?
    I    need- not-need necessarily submit two CL paper
    "Do I necessarily have to submit two papers?"
Example #35:

    (36) sailouzai ho-m- hoji jam zau         aa3?           [deontic/permission]
    child     can- not-can drink alcohol SFP
    "Can children drink alcohol?"
Example #36:

    (37) John ho-m- hoji jat-ci-gwo sik ng wun min         aa3?      [root/ability]
    John can- not-can one -time eat five bowl noodles SFP
    "Can John eat five bowls of noodles at one time?"
Example #37:

    (38) John tingjat     jiu-m-jiu       faan hok     aa3?        [deontic/necessity]
    John tomorrow need-not-need go         school SFP
    "Does John need to go to school tomorrow?"
Example #38:

    (39) John jing- m-jinggoi    sik siu-di jin     aa3?           [deontic/obligation]
    John should-not-should eat fewer cigarette SFP
    "Should John smoke less?"
Example #39:

    (40) ni tiu sou      ho-m- hoji   jung ling-jat -go fongfaat heoi gaai aa3?
    this CL problem may- not-may use other-one -CL method go solve SFP
    "Is it possible to use another method to solve this problem?"
Example #40:

    (41) *gin T-seot jing-m-jinggoi    wui sukseoi?                   [epistemic/necessity]
    CL T-shirt should-not-should will shrink
    "Should the T-shirt shrink?"
Example #41:

    (42) *tingjat jing- m-jinggoi   wui lokjyu aa3?                   [epistemic/necessity]
    tomorrow should-not-should will rain  SFP
    "Should it rain tomorrow?"
Example #42:

    (43) *John jing- m-jinggoi   heoi zo   Jatbun?                    [epistemic/necessity]
    John should-not-should go     ASP Japan
    "Should John have gone to Japan?"
Example #43:

    (44) *keoi jing- m-jinggoi    hai ngodei ge  loubaan?             [epistemic/necessity]
    s/he should-not-should be we        GEN boss
    "Should s/he be our boss?"
Example #44:

    (45) a. *nei sik-m-sik       gong Dakman zaa3?
    you know-not-know speak German ZAA
    "Do you only speak German?"
Example #45:

    b. */??nei soeng- m-soeng sik zyugwulik tim1?
    you want- not- want eat chocolate TIM
    "Do you also want to eat chocolates?"
Example #46:

    (46) a. nei sik gong Dakman zaa3 me1?
    you know speak German ZAA ME
    "Do you only speak German?"
Example #47:

    b. nei soeng sik zyugwulik tim1 me1?
    you want eat chocolate TIM ME
    "Do you also want to eat chocolates?"
Example #48:

    (48) *mui- go hoksaang dou zung- m-zungji tai        dinsi aa3?
    every CL student       all like-not-like watch TV SFP
    "Does every student like watching TV?"
Example #49:

    (50) *jau (jat-)di   jan     soeng-m-soeng waanjau saigaai aa3?                 (some)
    have (one -)CL person want- not- want go-around world SFP
    "Do some people want to travel around the world?"
Example #50:

    (52) hokhaau wui-m- wui giu mui go hoksaang gaau hokfai?                          (every)
    school will-not- will ask every CL student          pay school fees
    "Will the school ask every student to pay school fees?"
Example #51:

    (54) *ni gaan poutau gingsoeng maai- m-maai gwai            je    aa3?
    this CL shop often             sell-not-sell expensive thing SFP
    "Does this shop often sell expensive things?"
Example #52:

    (56) *dimgaai i John waa Mary zinghai maai zo        saam bun syu ti?
    why       John say Mary only buy ASP three CL book
    "Why did John say that Mary only bought three books?"
Example #53:

    (57) *gin T-seot jing-m-jinggoi    wui sukseoi?                  [epistemic/necessity]
    CL T-shirt should-not-should will shrink
    "Should the T-shirt shrink?"
Example #54:

    (60) hai-m- hai mui go hoksaang dou zungji tai           dinsi aa3?                       (Cf. ( 21))
    be-not-be every CL student          all like  watch TV SFP
    "Is it that every student likes watching TV?"
Example #55:

    (61) ni gaan poutau hai -m- hai gingsoeng maai gwai               je aa3? (Cf. ( 54))
    this CL shop be-not-be often                  sell expensive thing SFP
    "Is it that this shop often sells expensive things?"
Example #56:

    (62) gin T-seot hai-m- hai jinggoi wui sukseoi?                       (Cf. (41))
    CL T-shirt be-not-be should will shrink
    "Is it that the T-shirt should shrink?"
Example #57:

    (63) nei hai-m- hai sik gong Dakman zaa3?                             (Cf. (45))
    you be-not-be know speak German ZAA
    "Is it that you only speak German?"
Example #58:

    (65) hai-m- hai ni gaan poutau gingsoeng maai gwai            je    aa3?
    be-not-be this CL shop often              sell expensive thing SFP
    "Does this shop often sells expensive things?"