ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

FENG, SHENGLI (2003). Prosodically constrained postverbal PPs in Mandarin Chinese.

URL: https://www.degruyter.de/journals/linguistics/2003/pdf/41_1085.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2394&langcode=cmn (2018-04-24).

 

Example #1:

    (2)   a.    Ta xiang shui [ zai   xiao chuang shang ] .
    he want sleep [at     small bed     top]
    `He wants to sleep    on the small bed.'
Example #2:

    b.   *Ta xiang shui [ zai   jia] .
    he want sleep [at    home]
    `He wants to sleep    at home.'
Example #3:

    (3)   a. Ta fang le    yi zhang zhi [ zai nei ge          beizi shang ] .
    he put Asp. one CL paper [at that CL             cup top]
    `He put a piece of paper on the cup.'
Example #4:

    b. Ta xie le      yi ge zi         [ zai zhuozi     shang ] .
    he write Asp. one CL character [on table         top]
    `He wrote a character on the table.'
Example #5:

    (4)   a. *Ta fang   le     [ zai yizi shang ] .
    he put    Asp. [on chair top]
    `He put   on a chair.'
Example #6:

    b. Ta fang    zai le      yizi shang.
    he put    on Asp. chair top
    `He put   on a chair.'
Example #7:

    (5)   a.   Ta fang [ zai nar] hen duo shu.
    he put [at there] very many book
    `He put many books there.'
Example #8:

    b.  Ta gua [ zai nar] hen duo shangyi ] .
    he hung [at there] very many jacket
    `He hung up there many jackets.'
Example #9:

    c. *Ta fang [ zai liang zhang zhuozi shang ] henduo shu.
    he put [at two CL table top] many book
    `He put many books on two tables.'
Example #10:

    d. *Ta gua [ zai hao jige difang ] hen duo shangyi.
    he hung [at good many places] very many jacket
    `He hung up many jackets in various places.'
Example #11:

    (6)   a. *Zhang    San   fang le    ta zai zhuozi shang.
    Zhang    San   put Asp. it at table top
    `Zhang   San    put it on the table.'
Example #12:

    a.  Zhang    San   ba ta fang-zai le     zhuozi shang.
    Zhang    San   ba it put-on Asp. table top
    `Zhang   San    put it on the table.'
Example #13:

    b. *Zhang    San   fang le    neixie shu zai zhuozi shang.
    Zhang    San   put Asp. those book on table top
    `Zhang   San    put those books on the table.'
Example #14:

    b. Zhang     San   ba neixie shu fang zai zhuozi shang.
    Zhang    San   ba those book put on table top
    `Zhang   San    put those books on the table.'
Example #15:

    (8)   a. Wo xiang jintian [ zai jia] nian shu.
    I want today [at home] read book
    `I want to study at home today.'
Example #16:

    b. Ta ming nian jiang zai Zhongguo nian shu.
    He next year will at China          read book
    `He will study in China next year.'
Example #17:

    ( 14 )   a. Ta bu xiang gen wo kan DIANYING.
    he not want with me watch movie
    `He does not want to watch the movie with me.'
Example #18:

    b. Ta zong zai jia     chi WANFAN.
    He always at home eat dinner
    `He always has his dinner at home.'
Example #19:

    c. Ta yao gen laoshi jie         SHU.
    he want from teacher borrow book
    `He wants to borrow books from teachers.'
Example #20:

    ( 21 )    a. *Wo ba shu fang-zhengqi le       zai zhuozi shang.
    I ba book put-neat         Asp. on table top
    `I put the books neatly on the table.'
Example #21:

    ( 23 )    a  *Wo ba shu fang-zhengqi-zai le       zhuozi shang.
    I ba book put-neat-on         Asp. table top
    `I put the books neatly on the table.'
Example #22:

    ( 24 )    a.  Ni yinggai dian-tou         daoli.
    you should point-thorough reasons
    `You should point out the reasons thoroughly.'
Example #23:

    a. *Ni yinggai dian-touche      daoli.
    you should point-thorough reason
    `You should point out the reasons thoroughly.'
Example #24:

    dong       de chengdu.
    understand de extent
    that everyone understands.'
Example #25:

    dong       de chengdu.
    understand de extent
    that everyone understands.'
Example #26:

    bici manyi de chengdu.
    each satisfy de extent
    the extent that each of them is satisfying.'
Example #27:

    bici manyi de chengdu.
    each satisfy de extent
    that each of them is satisfying.'
Example #28:

    ( 25 )    a.  Fu -ze                bingfang.
    take -responsibility patient-room
    `Responsible for hospital room.'
Example #29:

    a. *Fu zeren             bingfang.
    take responsibility patient-room
    `Responsible for hospital room.'
Example #30:

    b.  Dui bingfang        fu -ze.
    to patient-room take -responsibility
    `Responsible for hospital room.'
Example #31:

    b. Dui bingfang         fu zeren.
    to patient-room take responsibility
    `Responsible for hospital room.'
Example #32:

    c.  You-hai shenti.
    have harm body
    `Harm (one's) health.'
Example #33:

    c. *You shanghai shenti.
    have harm       body
    `Harm (one's) health.'
Example #34:

    d.  Dui shenti you -hai.
    to body have harm
    `It is harmful to (one's) health.'
Example #35:

    d. Dui shenti you shanghai.
    to body have harm
    `It is harmful to (one's) health.'
Example #36:

    ( 30 )   a.  Ta fang (zai ) nar le  hao      ji   ben shu.
    he put on there Asp. good       many CL book
    `He put there many books.'
Example #37:

    ben shu.
    CL book
    `He put many books on many       tables.'
Example #38:

    ( 31 )    Ni rang ta gan shenme la?
    you let him do what Prt.
    `What did you make him do?'
Example #39:

    Wo rang ta ba shu fang-zai nar.13
    I let him ba book put-at there
    `I let him put books there.'
Example #40:

    shu le.
    book Asp.
    `He put those books on two tables.'
Example #41:

    ( 39 )    a. *Zhang San fang le        neixie shu zai zhuozi shang.
    Zhang San put Asp. those book on table top
    `Zhang San put those books on the table.'
Example #42:

    a.  Zhang San ba neixie shu fang zai le        zhuozi shang.
    Zhang San ba those book put on Asp. table top
    `Zhang San put those books on the table.'
Example #43:

    b. *Wo fang ta zai zhuozi shang le.
    I put it on table top Asp.
    `I put it on the table.'
Example #44:

    b. Wo ba ta fang zai zhuozi shang le.
    I ba it put on table top Asp.
    `I put it on the table.'
Example #45:

    c. *Zhang San fang neixie shu zai nar le.
    Zhang San put those book at there Asp.
    `Zhang San put those books there.'
Example #46:

    c.   Zhang San ba neixie shu fang zai nar le.
    Zhang San ba those book put at there Asp.
    `Zhang San put those books there.'
Example #47:

    d.   Wo fang le    hao ji      ben shu zai nar.
    I put Asp. good many CL book at there
    `I put many books there.'
Example #48:

    shang ] .
    top]
    `I put those papers on many cups.'
Example #49:

    shang ]
    top]
    `I put many papers on those cups.'
Example #50:

    Ta xie le     yi ge zi           zai yizi shang.
    he write Asp. one CL character at chair top
    ii. `He wrote a character on a chair.' (complement PP )
Example #51:

    b. Ta gua le     liang jian yifu zai nar.
    he hung Asp. two CL shirts at there
    ii. `He hung two shirts on there.' (complement PP )
Example #52:

    Ta ba zi         xie   zai yizi shang le.
    he ba character wrote at chair top Asp.
    i.    `He wrote the character on the chair.' (complement PP )
Example #53:

    d. Ta gua (zai ) nar liang jian yifu.
    he hung at there two CL shirts.
    i.    `He hung two shirts on there.' (complement PP )
Example #54:

    ( 43 )   *Wo fang-zai yi pen      hua [_e__zhouzi shang ] le.
    I put-at one potted flower [_e__table top] Asp.
    `I put one potted flower on the table.'
Example #55:

    ( ii ) a.  Ta zuotian yijing qu le.
    he yesterday already go Asp.
    `He has already left yesterday.'
Example #56:

    a. *Ta yijing qu le       zuotian.
    he already go Asp. yesterday
    *`He has already left yesterday.'
Example #57:

    ( iii ) a.Ta pao de hen kuai.
    he run-de very fast
    `He runs very fast; He is a very fast runner.'
Example #58:

    b. Ta pao le    san ge zhongtou.
    he run Asp. three CL hours
    `He has run for three hours.'
Example #59:

    (i )                          bing      -jian    zhandou
    connect shoulder fight
    `to fight shoulder by shoulder'
Example #60:

    ( ii )                        feichang ke -yi
    extremely can-doubt (doubtable)
    `extremely suspicious'
Example #61:

    ( iii )                       hei da -yan
    black big -goose
    `black (wild ) goose'
Example #62:

    ( iv)                         hen nian-qing
    very age-green
    `very young'
Example #63:

    (i )                         *bing      jianbang zhandou
    connect shoulder fight
    `to fight shoulder by shoulder'
Example #64:

    ( ii )                       *feichang ke -huaiyi
    extremely can-doubt (doubtable)
    `extremely suspicious'
Example #65:

    ( iii )                      *hei xiao yusan
    black small umbrella
    `small black umbrella'
Example #66:

    ( iv)                        *hen        nianji qing
    very       age green
    `very young'
Example #67:

    ( i ) a.    Qing ni         xian ji-qingchu          suoyou de xijie, zai lai         tan da shi.
    please you      first remember-clear     all      de details, then come   talk big thing
    `Please first   clearly remember all     details before you talk big.'
Example #68:

    b. *Qing ni         xian ji-qingchu zai      xinzhang, zai lai       tan da   shi.
    please you      first remember-clear     at heart, then come talk big     thing
    `Please first   clearly remember ( it   ) before you talk big.'
Example #69:

    ( i ) Ta fang (zai ) nei zhang zhuozi shang le yi ben shu.
    he put (at ) that CL table top Asp. one CL book
    `He put a book on that table.'
Example #70:

    ( i ) Ta yao zuo-zai (*le) yizishang
    he wants sit-on ( Asp.) chair
    `He wants to sit in a chair.'