ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Butt, Miriam & Tracy Holloway King (Eds.) (2004). Proceedings of the LFG 04 Conference.

URL: http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/9/lfg04.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2399&langcode=cmn (2018-09-26).

 

Example #1:

    (1)    a.   na wei [nian shu] de ren
    that CL [ read book] DE person
    That person (who) reads books
Example #2:

    b.    wo de shu
    1sg DE book
    My book
Example #3:

    (5)   a.    na wei ren           bu hui nian shu
    that CL person NEG can read book
    That person can't read books.
Example #4:

    b.    na wei [e bu hui nian shu] *(de) ren               jiao Ls
    that CL [ e NEG can read book DE person call Lisi
    That person [that] can't read books is called Lisi.
Example #5:

    c.    [e bu      hui nian shu] *(de) na wei ren            jiao Ls
    [ e NEG can read book DE that CL person call Lisi
    That person [that] can't read books is called Lisi.
Example #6:

    (6)   a.    na ben shu women bu hui nian e
    that CL book 1pl            NEG can read
    That book, we would not read.
Example #7:

    (7)   a.    women ei ta nian shu
    1pl      to 3sg read book
    We read books to him/her.
Example #8:

    b.    na wei [women ei ta nian shu] *(de) ren
    that CL 1pl             to 3sg read book DE person
    That person to [whom] we read books
Example #9:

    (8)    a.    zhe e ren         de na ben shu
    this Class person DE that class book
    That book (belonging to) this person.
Example #10:

    b.    ?na ben zhe e ren            de shu
    that class this Class person DE book
    ?That book of this person's
Example #11:

    (9)    a.    nazhan yin mutou de zhuozi
    that class hard wood DE table
    That table made of hard wood
Example #12:

    b.     yin mutou de nazhan zhuozi
    hard     wood DE that class table
    The table that is made of hard wood
Example #13:

    (10)   a        lian zhon kexue de zhe zhon fazhan
    two kind        science DE this kind         development
    This kind of development in (these) two kinds of science
Example #14:

    b        zhe lian zhon kexue de fazhan
    this two   kind      science DE development
    Development in these two kinds of science.
Example #15:

    (11)   na lian         che de zhe  lian bian
    that classifier car DE this two side
    On these two sides of that car
Example #16:

    (12)       a.    wo renshi [tamen lianr] *(de) baba
    1sg recognise 3pl         two      DE father
    I recognise the father(s) of / drawn by/ described by/ portrayed by those two
Example #17:

    b.        wo zhao [nazh ou] *(de) utou
    1sg find that class dog DE bone
    I am looking for the bone of/ for/from that dog
Example #18:

    (13)    a. wo mama de baba
    1sg mother DE father
    My mother's father.
Example #19:

    b.       zij zhonde mutou de zhuozi
    self grow DE wood DE table
    The table made of wood we grew ourselves
Example #20:

    (14)    a.    wo mei you shu
    1sg      have book
    My book.
Example #21:

    b.    wo mei you de shu
    1sg      have DE book
    The book(s) that I don't have.
Example #22:

    (15)   a.    hen da de zhuozi wo mai.le        na yi     zhan
    very big DE table 1 sg buy.ASP Dem one CL
    '(As for) big tables, I bought that one '
Example #23:

    b.     zhuozi wo mai.le na yi zhan hen da de
    table       1 sg buy.ASP Dem one CL     very big DE
    '(As for) tables I bought that big one '
Example #24:

    (16)    wo de shu
    1sg DE book
    My book
Example #25:

    (17)   a.   na lian che lmian
    That Class car inside
    Inside that car
Example #26:

    b.   na lian         che de lmian
    that classifier car DE inside
    Inside of that car
Example #27:

    (18) a.     ta    xuex lianzhon kexue de fazhan
    3sg study two kinds         science DE development
    She studies the development of two kinds of science
Example #28:

    b.     na ben [(*ta) women bu hui nian (*ta)] de shu
    that CL 3 sg 1pl            NEG can read 3 sg DE book
    That book [we would not read ].
Example #29:

    (25)   a.     n nian shu ma?
    3sg read book Q-PRT
    Reading are you?
Example #30:

    b.     e nian shu ma? n
    read book Q-PRT 3sg
    Reading are you?
Example #31:

    c.     n nian e ma? na ben shu
    2 sg read        Q-PRT that CL book
    You're reading [it] are you, that book?
Example #32:

    d.      n ei *(ta) nian ma? na wei ren
    2 sg to 3sg read Q-PRT that CL person
    You're reading to him are you, that person?
Example #33:

    (26)   a. *ou ma
    dog PRT
    *[Is it a] dog?
Example #34:

    b. ou ma
    enough PRT
    [Is it] enough?
Example #35:

    (31)   ta      shuo wo          renwei e         bu hui jie        qian de ren
    [MOD3sg says [COMP1sg reckon [COMPe NEG can borrow money]]] DE person
    The person [he says [I reckon [e would not borrow money ]
Example #36:

    (32)   ta      shuo wo         renwei ta            bu hui jie e ]]] de qian
    [MOD3sg says [COMP1sg reckon [COMP 3sg NEG can borrow e ]]] DE money
    The money [he says [I reckon [he would not borrow]
Example #37:

    (33) a.      ta   xuex lianzhon kexue                   de fazhan
    3sg study                       science    DE     development
    She studies the development of two kinds of science
Example #38:

    b.    ta zai [na lian che] de lmian
    3sg at that classifier car DE inside
    He is in that car
Example #39:

    (34)   zhe lian bian dou yyan chan
    This two       side all      same long
    The two sides are the same length
Example #40:

    (35) a.      ta       zai bu zai zhe.bian
    3sg at NEG at this side
    Lit: Is she or is she not present on this side?
Example #41:

    b.    bu zai / *bu zhe.bian
    Neg at / NEG this side
    Not present / * not this side
Example #42:

    (36) a.      ta zai na lian         che (de) lmian
    3sg at that classifier car DE inside
    He is in that car
Example #43:

    b.    na tiao         lu (de) nanbian you hen duo donxi
    that classifier road DE isouth     have adv many thing
    South of that road are many things
Example #44:

    c. che (*de) l you hen duo donxi
    car     DE in have adv many thing
    In the car are many things
Example #45:

    d.   *lu (*de) nan you hen duo donxi
    road DE isouth have adv many thing
    South of the road are many things
Example #46:

    Ying yiwei [Min mai-le shenme] ?
    Ying think Min buy-ASP what
    "What does Ying think Min bought?"