ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

van Craenenbroeck, Jeroen (2004). Ellipsis in Dutch dialects.

URL: http://users.telenet.be/zorex/linguistics/dissertatie.pdf

(Last accessed 2006-02-26).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2428&langcode=nld (2018-07-18).

 

Example #1:

    (2)    Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who thatDEM
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                                  [Wamb
Example #2:

    (4)    * Jef ei ne student gezien, mo ik weet nie welke student da.
    Jeff has a student seen       but I know not which student thatDEM
    INTENDED READING: 'Jeff saw a student, but I don't know which student.'
Example #3:

    B:    Jou ze duut.
    yes she does
    'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                               [
Example #4:

    (12)   Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who thatDEM
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                                   [Wam
Example #5:

    B:    Jou ze duut.
    yes she does
    'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                            [Wam
Example #6:

    (16)   Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who thatDEM
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                               [Wambeek
Example #7:

    B:    Jou ze duut.
    yes she does
    'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                        [Wambeek
Example #8:

    B:      Jui-s.
    yes-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                  [Wambeek
Example #9:

    (3)    Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who that
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                                [Wambee
Example #10:

    (6)    Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who that
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                                   [Wam
Example #11:

    (8)     Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who that
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                                   [Wam
Example #12:

    (9)     A:      Jef ei gisteren iemand gezien.                 B: Wou       da?
    Jeff has yesterday someone seen                   who       that
    'A: Jeff saw someone yesterday. B: Who?'                                    [Wam
Example #13:

    (10)   a.      Zegge-men dadde?
    say-we      thatEMPH
    'Do we say that?'
Example #14:

    b.      Zeg ne kieje wou { da              / * dadde }      se kunne rupen eit.
    say a time who          thatCOMP / thatEMPH         she could call has
    'Tell me who she was able to call.'
Example #15:

    c.      Wou dadde?
    who thatEMPH
    'Who?'                                                             [Wambeek Dutc
Example #16:

    b.      Wet     iene       wie as         we reupen hebben?
    knows anyone       who thatCOMP we called have
    'Does anyone kn    ow who we have called?'
Example #17:

    c.      Wie { dat          / * as}?
    who     thatDEM    / thatCOMP
    'Who?'                                                           [Nijeholtpade D
Example #18:

    (12)     a.      Niemand heet dat           ooit gewild.
    nobody has thatDEM         ever wanted
    'Nobody ever wanted th   at.'
Example #19:

    b       Vertelt maar ni wie        (*dat)       zij haa   kunne roepe.
    tellIMP PRT not who           thatCOMP she has    can   call
    'Don't say who she was   able to call.'
Example #20:

    c.      Wie dat?
    who that
    'Who?'                                                           [Lauw Dutch]
Example #21:

    (13)    a.       Jef   eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff   has someone seen       but I know not who thatDEM
    'Jeffsaw someone, but I don't know who.'
Example #22:

    b.       A:    Jef ei gisteren iemand gezien. B: Wou da?
    Jeff has yesterday someone seen           who    that     DEM
    'A: Jeff saw someone yesterday. B: Who?'
Example #23:

    c.       Uu (*dad)        ei    Jef tprobleem     opgelost?
    how      thatDEM has Jeff the.problem solved
    'How did Jeff solve the problem?'
Example #24:

    e.       Wou stond me wou (*da)                   te klappen?
    who stood with who             thatDEM to talk
    'Who was talking to who?'
Example #25:

    g.       Ge kraaigd alles              wa (*da)        da     ge   wiltj.
    you get         everything what thatDEM thatC° you want
    'You get anything you want.'
Example #26:

    h.       Wa (*da)          da     Lewie duut interessee ma nie.
    what thatDEM thatC° Louis does interests             me not
    'I'm not interested in what Louis does.'
Example #27:

    i.       Et was Jef wuiruin (*da)                dad iederiejn     pausdn.
    it was Jeff where.on thatDEM thatC° everybody thought
    'It was Jeff everyone was thinking of.'
Example #28:

    j.       Wa (*da)          da     Jef geirn duut is zwemmen.
    what thatDEM thatC° Jeff gladly does is swimINF
    'What Jeff likes to do is to swim.'                             [Wambeek Dutch]
Example #29:

    (i) Ik paus da              da,        da      da         da          muu vervangen.
    I think thatC° thatDEM.SUBJ thatC° thatDEM.SUBJ thatDEM.OBJ must replace
    'I think that that thing must replace that thing.'
Example #30:

    (15)    a.       Wui?
    where
    'Where?'
Example #31:

    b.       Tege wou?
    against whom
    'Against whom?'
Example #32:

    c.       Welken boek?
    which book
    'Which book?'                                                   [Wambeek Dutch]
Example #33:

    ... mo kweet nie { wou DA         / * WOU      da}.
    but I.know not who thatDEM / who           thatDEM
    'She saw someone, but I don't know who.'                        [Wambeek Dutch]
Example #34:

    ... mo kweet nie { wou DA           just   / * wou             da      JUST}.
    but I.know not who thatDEM exactly /         who           thatDEM exactly
    'She saw someone, but I don't know who exactly.'                         [Wambee
Example #35:

    (18)    A:      Jef eid iemand gezien.             B: Wou da?
    Jeff has someone seen                 who that      DEM
    'A: Jeff saw someone. B: Who?'
Example #36:

    ... de vruig      is:   wannieje (#da)?
    the question is     when       thatDEM
    question is: when?'                                                [Wambeek Dutc
Example #37:

    (20)    a.       A:       Ik em iemand gezien. B: Wou da?
    I have someone seen             who thatDEM
    'A: I   saw someone. B: Who?'
Example #38:

    b.       Wou      ejje        gezien?
    who      have.you seen
    'Who    did you see?'
Example #39:

    c.       Wou      is da         da    ge gezien etj?
    who      is thatDEM thatC° you seen    have
    'Who    is it that you saw?'                                              [Wambe
Example #40:

    (21)    a.       Wou      is da         da    ge    gezien etj?
    who      is thatDEM thatC° you seen        have
    'Who    is it that you saw?'
Example #41:

    b.      { * Wea     / Wem } has-te          gezieë?
    whoNOM / whoACC        have.you seen
    'Who did you see?'                                                   [Waubach Du
Example #42:

    B:       { Wea? / * Wem}?
    whoNOM / whoACC
    'A:   Someone is coming to the party       tomorrow. B: Who?'
Example #43:

    b.      A:       Ich han inne       gezieë.          B: { * Wea? / Wem}?
    I have someone seen                        whoNOM / whoACC
    'A:   I saw someone. B: Who?'                                        [Waubach Du
Example #44:

    b.      { Wea         /   * Wem }         is dat        dea-s-te   gezieë    has?
    whoNOM      /      whoACC       is thatDEM REL-CA-you seen         have
    'Who is it   th   at you saw?'                                       [Waubach Du
Example #45:

    B:       { Wea     / * Wem } dat?
    whoNOM / whoACC thatDEM
    'A:   Someone is coming to the party tomorrow. B: Who?'
Example #46:

    B:       { Wea     / * Wem} dat?
    whoNOM / whoACC thatDEM
    'A:   I saw someone. B: Who?'                                        [Waubach Du
Example #47:

    (26)   A:     Lewie ei me bekan iederiejn geklapt.         B: Me wou nie?
    Louis has with almost everyone spoken           with who not
    'A: Louis has spoken with almost everyone. B: With whom didn't he speak?'
Example #48:

    (27) A:       Lewie ei me bekan niemand geklapt.           B: Me wou wel?
    Louis has with almost nobody spoken             with who AFF
    'A: Louis has spoken with almost no-one. B: With whom DID he speak?'
Example #49:

    (i)     Ed houdt wel         van      houtsnijwerk.
    Ed loves AFF         of       woodcarving
    'Ed DOES like woodcarving.'
Example #50:

    (32)   Iederiejn stond me iemand te klappen, mo kweet nie wou me wou.
    everyone stood with someone to talk           but I.know not who with who
    'Everyone was talking to someone, but I don't know who to whom.' [Wambeek Dutch]
Example #51:

    Wou?
    who
    'Who?'                                                                    [Wambe
Example #52:

    # Wou is da          da       ge    gotj kiezn?
    who is thatDEM thatC° you go           choose
    'Who is it that you will choose?'                                             [W
Example #53:

    # Wou da?
    who thatDEM
    'Who?'                                                                        [W
Example #54:

    (38)    A:      Jef ei nie alliejn Lewie gezien. B: Nieje? Wou nog?
    Jeff has not just       Louis seen           no       who else
    'A: Jeff hasn't just seen Louis. B: No? Who else (has he seen)?'   [Wambeek
Example #55:

    (53)   a.      Ik weet niet [CP1 [C°1 of ] [CP2 [C°2 dat ] [IP Jan     gaat komen.]]]
    I know not                 if         that      John    goes come
    'I don't know if John will come.'
Example #56:

    (56)    Ik weet nie of met wie Jan oan                   et proate was.
    I know not if with who John on                   it talkINF was
    'I don't know who John was talking to.'
Example #57:

    (57)    Ik weet nie of met wie dat              Jan oan             et proate was.
    I know not if with who thatC° John on                       it talkINF was
    'I don't know who John was talking to.'
Example #58:

    (66)    a.        { Waar / *       Wat     } heb je       die kist mee opengemaakt?
    where /       what       have you that crate with open.made
    'What did you    open that crate with?'
Example #59:

    b.        de koevoet {     waar / * die } ik de kist mee opengemaakt heb
    the crowbar      where / REL I the crate with open.made       have
    'the crowbar I   opened the crate with'                        [Dutch]
Example #60:

    (67)    a.        Die sleutel is te klein [ Op om het slot mee open te doen.]
    that key is too small              for the lock with open to do
    'That key is too small to open the lock with.'
Example #61:

    b.        Op heb ik al             mee gewerkt.
    have I already with worked
    'I have already worked with that.'
Example #62:

    c.        een probleem [ Op om over na           te denken]
    a problem             for over PRT to think
    'a problem to think about'                                      [Dutch]
Example #63:

    (i) Waar denk je             in welk huis ik woon?
    where think you          in which house I live
    'In which house do you think I leave?'
Example #64:

    b.      Welke jongen         wil je      niet mee samenwerken?
    which boy            want you not with cooperate
    'Which boy don't     you want to cooperate with?'
Example #65:

    b.      Met welke jongen wil               je     niet mee samenwerken?
    with which boy        want         you not with cooperate
    'Which boy don't you want to       cooperate with?'
Example #66:

    (70)    a.       Wat     op tafel ligt is       voor jou.
    what    on table lies is       for you
    'What   lies on the table is   for you.'
Example #67:

    (i)      A:      Ed stond met        iemand      te praten.        B:     * Wie?
    Ed stood with someone to talk                              who
    'A: Ed was talking to someone. B: Who?'
Example #68:

    (ii)     A:      Ed stond met        een student te praten.        B:       Welke student?
    Ed stood with a student to talk                            which student
    'A: Ed was talking to a student. B: Which student?'
Example #69:

    (73)   Ik weet nie of met wie Jan oan                 et proate was.
    I know not if with who John on                 it talk   was
    'I don't know who John was talking to.'                                       [S
Example #70:

    (74)    Ik vroag me af <*of> welke jonge <of> die maisjes gistere     gezien hebbe.
    I ask me PRT if which boy              if the girls yesterday seen have
    'I wonder which boy the girls saw yesterday.                       [Strijen Dutc
Example #71:

    (79)   Naar zijni promotie, daar kijkt [ iedere taalkundige ]i               naar tdaar    uit.
    to his defense           there looks every linguist                   to            out
    'Every linguist looks forward to his defense.'
Example #72:

    (86)    A:      Jef eid iemand gezien. B: Wou da?
    Jeff has someone seen     who that          DEM
    'A: Jeff saw someone. B: Who?'                                         [Wambeek
Example #73:

    (87)    Jef ei nen BOEK gekocht.
    Jeff has a      book bought
    'Jeff bought a BOOK.'
Example #74:

    (88)    Wannieje     ei     < * nen BOEK>              Jef     < nen BOEK>          gekocht?
    when         has        a    book              Jeff      a    book          bought
    'When did Jeff buy a BOOK?'
Example #75:

    (89)    A:      Jef eid iemand gezien. B: Wou da?
    Jeff has someone seen       who that                                    DEM
    'A: Jeff has seen someone. B: Who?'
Example #76:

    (90)    Wou ei Jef gezien?
    who has Jeff seen
    'Who has Jeff seen?'
Example #77:

    (91)    Wou is da             da        Jef                     gezien eit?
    who is thatDEM thatC° Jeff                              seen   has
    'Who is it that Jeff has seen?'
Example #78:

    ... maar           ik weet niet wie aan wie.
    but            I know not who to who
    whom.'
Example #79:

    c.           Wie had             Jan aan wie voorgesteld?
    who had             John to     who introduced
    'Who had          John introduced to whom?'                                    [
Example #80:

    (111) A:         Jef ei nen boek gekocht.    B:                     Welken   boek (*da)?
    Jeff has a book bought                             which    book thatDEM
    'A: Jeff bought a book. B: Which book?'                                       [W
Example #81:

    (128) a.        Wou     is    DA         da        Jef gezien eit?!
    who     is    thatDEM thatC° Jeff seen         has
    'Who    on   earth is it that Jeff saw?!'
Example #82:

    (129) a.       # Wou     is da         da         ge    gekeuzen etj?
    who     is thatDEM thatC°        you chosen have
    'Who   is it that you have ch   osen?'
Example #83:

    (130) a.         Wou is        da       da    Jef gezien eit?
    who is        thatDEM thatC° Jeff seen  has
    'Who is it   that Jeff saw?'                                           [Wambeek
Example #84:

    ... mo ik weet nie WOU da              da      was dat-n     gezien eit
    but I know not who          thatC° thatDEM was thatC°-he seen    has
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who it was that he saw.'       [Wambeek
Example #85:

    b.      Wet     iene       wie as         we reupen hebben?
    knows anyone       who thatCOMP we called have
    'Does anyone kn    ow who we have called?'
Example #86:

    c.       Wie { dat      / * as}?
    who    thatDEM / thatCOM       P
    'Who?'                                                              [Nijeholtpad
Example #87:

    (172) Iemand eit daunen boek gelezen, mo kweet nie wou da                 (*was).
    someone has that      book read        but I.know not who thatDEM     was
    ' Someone has read that book, but I don't know who.'              [Wambeek Dutch
Example #88:

    (i)      Iemand       eit daunen boek gelezen, mo kweet nie wou da                 da        was.
    someone has that        book read            but I.know not who thatC° thatDEM was
    ' Someone read that book, but I don't know who it was.'
Example #89:

    ... dat-n     kan,   mo kweet niet wou da.
    thatC°-he knows but I.know not who thatDEM
    'Louis saw a movie which starred someone he knows, but I don't know who.'
Example #90:

    a.    # Wou is da            da       ge    gekeuzen etj?
    who is thatDEM thatC° you chosen have
    'Who is it that you have chosen?'
Example #91:

    (230) A:       Ed heeft iemand gezien. B:                Oh? Wie dan?
    Ed has someone seen                       oh  who then
    'A: Ed saw someone. B: Really? Who?'
Example #92:

    b.       WIE dan?
    who then
    'Who?'                                                                    [Dutch
Example #93:

    (232) a.        Wie heb je         gezien dan?
    who have you seen           then
    'Who did you see then?'
Example #94:

    b.       Komt Ed ook dan?
    comes Ed also then
    'Is Ed also coming then?'
Example #95:

    c.       Ed heeft Julia gezien dan?
    Ed has Julia seen         then
    'Ed saw Julia then?'                                                          [D
Example #96:

    B:    Oh ja? Welk             boek dan?
    oh yes which            book then
    'A: You should give one      of your books to Ed. B: Really? Which book?'
Example #97:

    (236) A:       Lewie eid iejn va zen kammeruite gezien.                   B: Wou just?
    Louis has one of his friends          seen                    who exactly
    'A: Louis saw one of his friends. B: Who exactly?'                             [
Example #98:

    B:     Wou <*just> da               <just>?
    who     exactly thatDEM       exactly
    'A: Louis saw one of his friends.    B: Who exactly?'                          [
Example #99:

    (240) Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who thatDEM
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                                [Wambee
Example #100:

    ... maar Julia denkt <dat>             niet <*dat>.
    but Julia thinks         thatDEM not      thatDEM
    'Ed thinks it's raining, but Julia doesn't.'
Example #101:

    ... <*dat        het regent> niet < dat       het regent>.
    thatC° it rains        not      thatC° it rains
    'Ed thinks it's raining, but Julia doesn't.'                             [Dutch]
Example #102:

    (243) a.         Ik em iemand gezien.
    I have someone seen
    'I saw someone.'
Example #103:

    b.       Wou da          tda is twou da               ge     gezien etj?
    who thatDEM         is      thatC°           you    seen   have
    'Who (is it that you saw)?'                                              [Wambee
Example #104:

    B:    Ze duut.
    she does
    'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                          [Wambe
Example #105:

    B:      Jui-s.
    yes-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                     [Wambe
Example #106:

    B:    Ze duut.
    she does
    'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                             [Wa
Example #107:

    (ii)      Ij      duut.
    he      does
    'A: Jeff hasn't seen      Mary. B: Yes, he has.'
Example #108:

    b.    Jou ze duut.
    yes she does
    'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                               [
Example #109:

    B: * Mo Jef en             duut.
    but Jeff NEG        does
    INTENDED READING: 'A:     Pierre loves Mary. B: But Jeff doesn't.'
Example #110:

    c. * Marie en       duut.
    Mary NEG does
    'A: Mary is coming tomorrow. B: No, she isn't.'
Example #111:

    B: * En wou en            duu-se?
    and who NEG does.she
    INTENDED READING: 'A: I know who Mary loves. B: And who doesn't she?'
Example #112:

    B: * En wou en            duut?
    and who NEG does
    INTENDED READING: 'A: I know who loves Mary. B: Who doesn't?'                  [
Example #113:

    B: * Mo ij en            duu       Julia.
    but he NEG        does      Julia
    INTENDED READING: 'A:   Pierre   loves Mary. B: But he doesn't Julia.'    [Wambe
Example #114:

    (43)   De kinger       doen hier niet voetballe
    the children doPL here not play.soccer           INF
    'The children don't play soccer here.'                                    [Panni
Example #115:

    (51)   a.      Marie eit<-n>       zaai <*-n>         wuirschaainlek nie gezien.
    Mary has-himCLITIC she       himCLITIC probably       not seen
    'Mary probably didn't see him.'
Example #116:

    B:     Da duut n nie.
    that does he not
    'A: Pierre plays with the children. B: No, he doesn't.'                 [Wambeek
Example #117:

    (57)   E *(n)        doe (nie)
    he NEG does not
    'He doesn't.'                                                          [Izenberg
Example #118:

    b.     Ij     { * duut        / DUUT} (*WEL).
    he         does        / does         AFF
    'A: Pierre doesn't play with th   e children. B: Yes, he does.'        [Wambeek
Example #119:

    b.     Ij en      duut.
    he NEG does
    'A: Pierre plays with the children. B: No, he doesn't.'                     [Wam
Example #120:

    b.     Ij en     duut.
    he NEG does
    'A: Pierre knows a lot. B: No     , he doesn't.'                            [Wam
Example #121:

    (61)   a.       Marie    spelj veel met de kinjern, en           Jef duut dad             oek.
    Mary     plays a.lot with the children and Jeff does that                 too
    'Mary  plays a lot with the children and Jeff does too.'
Example #122:

    b.     ? Marie  spelj miejr met de kinjern dan da                 Jef da           duut.
    Mary   plays more with the children than thatC° Jeff that                 does
    'Mary  plays more with the children than Jeff does.'
Example #123:

    B:       Ik paus da           ze    da    nie duut.
    I think thatC° she that not does
    'A:   Mary plays a lot with the children. B: I think she doesn't.'
Example #124:

    B:       Nieje, da     duu ze nie.
    no     that does she not
    'A:   Does Mary play with the children a lot? B: No, she doesn't.'
Example #125:

    b.     Da muu ze nie duun.
    that must she not doINF
    'A: Mary has to feed the dog. B: No, she doesn't.'                    [Wambeek D
Example #126:

    b.     Da gui           ze nie duun.
    that goes        she not doINF
    'A: Mary is going to feed    the dog. B: No, she isn't.'                     [Wa
Example #127:

    b.    Da dee ze nie.
    that did she not
    'A: Mary always used to play with the children. B: No, she didn't.'          [Wa
Example #128:

    B:    Nieje,      da     duu ze nie.
    no          that does she not
    'A: Mary plays    with the children. B: No, she doesn't.'                    [Wa
Example #129:

    B:    Jou, da       duu ze        wel.
    yes that does she            AFF
    'A: Mary doesn't play with the     children. B: Yes, she does.'              [Wa
Example #130:

    B:    Da duu ze          al.
    that does she already
    'A: Mary should start swimming. B: She already does.'                 [Wambeek D
Example #131:

    B:     Nieje,      da    duut-n nie mieje.
    no          that does.he not anymore
    'A: Pierre plays    soccer. B: No, he doesn't anymore.'               [Wambeek D
Example #132:

    B:      Da zal ze        wuirschaainlek        nie duun.
    that will she probably                 not do
    'A: I hope Mary doesn't make a scene. B:       She probably won't.'   [Wambeek D
Example #133:

    B:      Da       duun ek pertang       nie.
    that     do    I however       not
    'A: Jeff said   you play soccer. B:   I don't, however.'              [Wambeek D
Example #134:

    B:     Mo Jef        duut da      nie.
    but Jeff      does that not
    'A: Pierre plays   soccer. B: But Jeff doesn't.'                      [Wambeek D
Example #135:

    B:     Pierre duut da          nie
    Pierre does that        not
    'A: Everybody gives money      to the poor. B: Pierre doesn't.'       [Wambeek D
Example #136:

    B:    Jou*(~), Marie         gui wel nui de cinema.
    yes        Mary        goes AFF to the cinema.
    'A: Mary doesn't go to the   cinema. B: Yes, she does go to the cinema.'
Example #137:

    B:    Jou(*~) ze        duut.
    yes         she   does
    'A: Mary doesn't love   Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                        [Wambe
Example #138:

    B:    Toch wel, Marie          gui wel nui de cinema.
    PRT AFF Mary             goes AFF to the cinema.
    'A: Mary doesn't go to the   cinema. B: Yes, she does go to the cinema.'
Example #139:

    B: * Toch wel ze duut.
    PRT AFF she does
    INTENDED READING: 'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'     [Wambeek
Example #140:

    B:      Jou(,) Marie komt.
    yes    Mary comes
    'A: Is Mary coming? B: Yes, she is.'                                   [Wambeek
Example #141:

    B:    Jou(*,) ze        duut.
    yes         she   does
    'A: Mary doesn't love   Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                     [Wambeek
Example #142:

    b.    Jui-s,        ze  kom   mergen.
    yes-sheCLITIC she comes tomorrow
    'A: Is she coming tomorrow? B: Yes(, she is coming tomorrow).'                 [
Example #143:

    B: * Jui-s           ze duut.
    yes-sheCLITIC she does
    INTENDED READING: 'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'
Example #144:

    B:     A      ba      jou.
    PRT PRT yes
    'A: Can I also come? B: I guess so.'                                           [
Example #145:

    B:     Mo ba          jou.
    PRT PRT yes
    'A: Can I also come? B: Of course.'                                            [
Example #146:

    B:     A      mo ba        jui-ch
    PRT PRT PRT yes-youCLITIC
    'A: Can I also come? B: Of course you can!'                               [Wambe
Example #147:

    (95)    a.       Lewie     ei      gisteren [ daunen boek ]i nie           ti   gelezen.
    Louis     has yesterday that           book not                read
    'Louis   hasn't read that book yesterday.'
Example #148:

    b.       Lewie     eit     gisteren [ daunen boek ]i wel           ti   gelezen.
    Louis     has yesterday that           book AFF                read
    'Louis   HAS read that book yesterday.'                                [Wambeek
Example #149:

    (96)    a.      Gisteren       zou Jef {nie/wel} tzou dat-n              ging kommen.
    yesterday      said Jeff      not/AFF          thatC°-he went come
    'Yesterday    Jeff didn't/DID say that he would come.'
Example #150:

    (97)    Gisteren en        zou Jef nie dat-n          ging kommen.
    yesterday NEG said Jeff not thatC°-he went come
    'Yesterday Jeff didn't say that he would come.'                                [
Example #151:

    B:    Toch wel, Marie           gui     wel nui de cinema.
    PRT AFF Mary              goes    AFF to the cinema.
    'A: Mary doesn't go to the    cinema.    B: Yes, she does.'                   [W
Example #152:

    B:    Toch nie, Marie gui nie nui de cinema.
    PRT not      Mary goes not to the cinema.
    'A: Mary goes to the cinema. B: No, she doesn't.'                             [W
Example #153:

    B:    Toch wel, Marie eit          gisteren daunen boek wel gelezen.
    PRT AFF Mary           has yesterday that      book AFF read
    'A: Mary hasn't read that book yesterday. B: Yes, she has.'    [Wambeek
Example #154:

    B:    Toch wel, Marie           gui     wel nui de cinema.
    PRT AFF Mary              goes    AFF to the cinema.
    'A: Mary doesn't go to the    cinema.    B: Yes, she does.'
Example #155:

    B:    Jawel, Marie gui wel nui de cinema.
    yes.AFF Mary goes AFF to the cinema.
    'A: Mary doesn't go to the cinema. B: Yes, she does.'                        [Wa
Example #156:

    B:     Ja-n-s.
    yes-PL-theyCLITIC
    'A: Have they won? B: Yes.'                                                   [W
Example #157:

    B:     Marie ei (* wel) nen boek gekocht.
    Mary has AFF a         book bought
    'A: What happened? B: Mary bought a book.'                           [Wambeek Du
Example #158:

    B:    (Mo) Lewie         gui wel        nui de cinema.
    but Louis          goes AFF       to the cinema.
    'A: Mary doesn't go    to the cinema.    B: (But) Louis does.'       [Wambeek Du
Example #159:

    b. * Toch niet,      Marie (en)            ZIET Piere         niet   geeren.
    PRT not       Mary NEG              sees    Pierre     not    gladly
    'A: Marie loves Pierre. B: No, she doesn't       love Pierre.'
Example #160:

    b.    Ze DOET.
    she does
    'A: Marie doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                              [
Example #161:

    d. * Marie en       duut.
    Mary NEG does
    'A: Mary is coming tomorrow. B: No, she isn't.'                        [Wambeek
Example #162:

    B:    Toch nie, Marie kom        nie mergen.
    PRT not      Mary comes not tomorrow
    'A: Mary is coming tomorrow. B: No, she isn't coming tomorrow.'
Example #163:

    (i)      Er       wordt       gedanst.
    there becomes danced
    'There is dancing.'
Example #164:

    (ii)     Er       wordt       gezegd dat     Ed morgen       komt.
    there becomes said          that    Ed tomorrow comes.
    'People say that Ed is coming tomorrow.'
Example #165:

    (i)      Da      Lewie merge         komt is megelek.
    thatC° Louis tomorrow comes is possible
    'That Louis will come tomorrow is possible.'
Example #166:

    (143) a.        Ziek, dad is Jef nie gau.
    sick that is Jeff not fast
    'Jeff is not often sick.'
Example #167:

    b.      De gazet           lezen, da duune-k-ik                 geirn.
    the newspaper read          that do-ICLITIC-ISTRONG     gladly
    'Reading the newspaper, I like.'
Example #168:

    c.      Da Lewie merge            komt, da kanne-k             moeilijk geliejven.
    that Louis tomorrow comes that can.ICLITIC             difficult believe
    'That Louis will come tomorrow, I find hard to        believe.'     [Wambeek   D
Example #169:

    B: ? IJ en          duud ij.
    he NEG       does he
    'A: Louis loves   Pierre. B: No, he doesn't.'                                 [W
Example #170:

    (146) { Ze      / Zaai      / Dei vrou    / Marie } kom    zaai   mergen oek.
    sheWEAK / sheSTRONG / that woman / Mary comes sheSTRONG tomorrow also
    'She / SHE / That woman / Mary is coming tomorrow as well.'   [Wambeek Dutch]
Example #171:

    (147) a.        { * Me        / We } spele waaile       geirn.
    weCLITIC / weWEAK play weSTRONG    gladly
    'We like to play.'
Example #172:

    b.       Merge       spele { me        / * we } waailn.
    tomorrow play        weCLITIC / weWEAK weSTRONG
    'Tomorrow we'll play.'
Example #173:

    c.       ... da      { me       / * we } waaile     geire spelen.
    thatC° weCLITIC / weWEAK weSTRONG gladly play
    '...that we like to play.'                                           [Wambeek Du
Example #174:

    B: * Ze        kom     ZAAI      wel, mo AAI       nie.
    sheWEAK comes sheSTRONG AFF but heSTRONG not
    B: SHE is, but HE isn't.'                                       [Wambeek Dutch]
Example #175:

    (155) a.         Ziek, dad is Jef nie gau.
    sick that is Jeff not fast
    'Jeff is not often sick.'
Example #176:

    b.       De gazet         lezen, da duune-k-ik            geirn.
    the newspaper read       that do-ICLITIC-ISTRONG gladly
    'Reading the newspaper, I like.'
Example #177:

    c.       Da Lewie merge           komt, da kanne-k moeilijk geliejven.
    that Louis tomorrow comes that can.ICLITIC difficult believe
    'That Louis will come tomorrow, I find hard to believe.' [Wambeek Dutch]
Example #178:

    B: ?* Ik denk dat da        nie is.
    I think thatC° that not is
    INTENDED READING: 'A: Mary goes to the movies. B: I think she doesn't.'
Example #179:

    b. * Da heeft nie.
    that has not
    'A: Mary has bought a book. B: No, she hasn't.'                            [Brab
Example #180:

    b. * Da wil          wel.
    that wants AFF
    'A: Carl doesn't want to come. B: Yes, he does.'                           [Brab
Example #181:

    b. * Da mag jawel.
    that may yes.AFF
    'A: Bart is not allowed to come here. B: Yes, he is.'                      [Brab
Example #182:

    b. ?* Da was           nie.
    that was        not
    'A: Mary loved Pierre. B:     No, she didn't.'                              [Bra
Example #183:

    B:    Jawel, Marie gaat wel naar de film.
    yes.AFF Mary goes AFF to            the movie
    'A: Mary doesn't go to the movies. B: Yes, she does.'                      [Brab
Example #184:

    (188) Ze zeggen dat da           waarschijnlijk       nie waar was.
    they say      thatC° that probably              not true was
    'They say that it probably wasn't true.'                                     [Br
Example #185:

    (189) Jan zei dat da            waarschijnlijk al      nie meer    zo was.
    John said thatC° that probably           already not anymore so was
    'John said that it was probably already no longer the case.'     [Brabant
Example #186:

    (190) Ik denk dat da           waarschijnlijk nie meer    goe was.
    I think thatC° that probably            not anymore good was
    'I think that it was probably not ok anymore.'                             [Brab
Example #187:

    (198) Hij heeft mij        da    gegeven.
    he has to.me that given
    'He has given that to me.'
Example #188:

    (200) Ed heeft mij 200 euro gegeven maar Julia heeft da                     nie      gedaan.
    Ed has to.me 200 euro given          but Julia has that               not      done.
    'Ed has given me 200 euros, but Julia hasn't.'
Example #189:

    B:      Jui-s.
    yes-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'
Example #190:

    B:      Nieje-s.
    no-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: No.'
Example #191:

    (207) Kpeize da-n        ze  gewonnen èè-n.
    I.think that-PL they won        have-              PL
    'I think they've won.'
Example #192:

    B:     Ja-n-s.
    yes-PL-theyCLITIC
    'A: Have they won? B: Yes.'                                              [Warege
Example #193:

    c. * Jui-k.
    yes-ICLITIC
    'A: Has Jeff given them to you? B: Yes.'
Example #194:

    d. * Jui Marie.
    yes Mary
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                 [Wambeek D
Example #195:

    b. * Jui-se-zaai.
    yes-sheCLITIC-sheSTRONG
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                 [Wambeek D
Example #196:

    b. * Jui-r.
    yes-there
    'A: Is someone coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                              [Wambeek D
Example #197:

    (213) Kpeize da-n       ter twee venten in den hof             staa-n.
    I.think that-PL there two men          in the garden stand-PL
    'I think that there are two men standing in the garden.'
Example #198:

    e. * Ja-n-s.
    yes-PL-they
    'A: Are there two men standing in the garden? B: Yes.'
Example #199:

    b. * Jui-s-n.
    yes-sheSUBJ.CLITIC-himOBJ.CLITIC
    'A: Has she seen him? B: Yes.'                                             [Wamb
Example #200:

    B:     Ja-t.
    yes-itCLITIC
    'A: Have they eaten? B: Yes.'                                              [Moer
Example #201:

    B:      Jo-n.
    yes-heCLITIC
    'A: Is Jeff coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                    [Wambee
Example #202:

    (219) Ik paus dat-n           mergen komt.
    I think that-heCLITIC tomorrow comes
    'I think he is coming tomorrow.'                                               [
Example #203:

    B:     Ja-n-s.
    yes.PL-theyCLITIC
    'A: Have Pete and John won? B: Yes.'                                         [Wa
Example #204:

    (221) Kpeize da-n         Piet en   Jan gewonnen èèn.
    I.think that-PL Pete and John won         have
    'I think Pete and John have won.'                                              [
Example #205:

    B:      Jui-s.
    yes-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                        [Wa
Example #206:

    d. * Nieje-s      (en) is (nie).
    no-sheCLITIC NEG is not
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: No.'
Example #207:

    B:      Jui-s.
    yes-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                          [
Example #208:

    b.   Ja, Ed        komt.
    yes Ed        comes
    'A: Is Ed coming? B:        Yes(, Ed is coming).'
Example #209:

    B:     Ja-n-s.
    yes-PL-theyCLITIC
    'A: Have they won? B: Yes.'
Example #210:

    b.      Wat     waren     er     [ t voor mensen] op het feest?
    what    were      there      for people        at the party
    'What   kind of   people were there at the party?'                         [Dutc
Example #211:

    c.      ... dat        allichte wiej de wedstrijd winne              zölt.
    thatC° probably we the game         win                will
    '... that we will probably win the game.'                              [Hellendo
Example #212:

    b.       Kem         goed da    gisteren zaailn          nie   wisten    wa      duun.
    I.have      heard that yesterday theySTRONG     not   knew      what    doINF
    'I heard   they were bored yesterday.'                                  [Wambeek
Example #213:

    b.    * Kem goed        da-se           gisteren     zaailn       nie   wisten   wa      duun.
    I.have heard    that-theyCLITIC yesterday    theySTRONG   not   knew     what    doINF
    'I heard they   were bored yesterday.'                                   [Wambee
Example #214:

    (i)      Ik paus dat-n               gui     kommen.
    I think that-heCLITIC       goes come
    'I think he will come.'                                                       [W
Example #215:

    B:     Ja-n-s.
    yes-PL-theyCLITIC
    'A: Have they won? B: Yes.'
Example #216:

    ... de     kerk     kenn-e treffe.
    the church can-PL meet
    'I think you and I should meet in front of the church.'                 [Tegelen
Example #217:

    B:      Nee, Ed komt niet.
    no   Ed comes not
    'A: Is Ed coming? B: No, he isn't.'
Example #218:

    B:      Jui-s.
    yes-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                    [Wambee
Example #219:

    B:      Jui-s,        zaai      kom   mergen.
    yes-sheCLITIC sheSTRONG comes tomorrow
    'A: Is she coming tomorrow? B: Yes, she is.'                             [Wambee
Example #220:

    B:      Jui-s,        ze      kom   mergen.
    yes-sheCLITIC sheWEAK comes tomorrow
    'A: Is she coming tomorrow? B: Yes, she is.'                             [Wambee
Example #221:

    B:      Jui-s,        Marie kom  mergen.
    yes-sheCLITIC Mary comes tomorrow
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes, she is.'                                  [
Example #222:

    (269) Kpeize da-n         Piet en   Jan gewonnen èèn.
    I.think that-PL Pete and John won          have
    'I think Pete and John have won.'
Example #223:

    b.    Ja-n-s,           Piet en   Jan èèn gewonnen.
    yes-PL-theyCLITIC Pete and John have won
    'A: Have Pete and John won? B: Yes, they have.'                                [
Example #224:

    B:      Jui-s.
    yes-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                  [Wambeek
Example #225:

    B:    Toch wel, Marie gui wel nui de cinema.
    PRT AFF Mary           goes AFF to the cinema.
    'A: Mary doesn't go to the cinema. B: Yes, she does.'                  [Wambeek
Example #226:

    (1)    Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who thatDEM
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                                  [Wamb
Example #227:

    (3)   * Jef ei ne student gezien, mo ik weet nie welke student da.
    Jeff has a student seen       but I know not which student thatDEM
    INTENDED READING: 'Jeff saw a student, but I don't know which student.'
Example #228:

    B:      Jui-s.
    yes-sheCLITIC
    'A: Is Mary coming tomorrow? B: Yes.'                                   [Wambeek
Example #229:

    B:    Ze duut.
    she does
    'A: Mary doesn't love Pierre. B: Yes, she does.'                         [Wambee
Example #230:

    (11)   Jef eid iemand gezien, mo ik weet nie wou da.
    Jeff has someone seen        but I know not who thatDEM
    'Jeff saw someone, but I don't know who.'                                [Wambee
Example #231:

    (12) * Jef ei ne student gezien, mo ik weet nie welke student da.
    Jeff has a student seen         but I know not which student thatDEM
    INTENDED READING: 'Jeff saw a student, but I don't know which student.'
Example #232:

    (13)    a.       Wannieje is        da       da    Lewie komt?
    when       is      thatDEM thatC° Louis comes
    'When is it th   at Louis is coming?'
Example #233:

    B:     A      mo ba        jui-ch
    PRT PRT PRT yes-youCLITIC
    'A: Can I also come? B: Of course you can!'     [Wambeek Dutch]