ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Shravan Vasishth (2001). Quantificational Elements and Polarity Licensing in Japanese*.

URL: http://www.ling.uni-potsdam.de/~vasishth/Papers/vasishthjapaneseNPI.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2454&langcode=jpn (2018-06-19).

 

Example #1:

    4a. dare mo ko-na-katta.
    anyone come-not-past
    `No one came.'
Example #2:

    b. Taroo wa bidoo dani mo si-na-katta.
    Taro top budge-an-inch-even do-not-past
    `Taro didn't budge an inch.'
Example #3:

    5a. Taroo wa roku-na ronbun o kaita koto ga nai.
    Taro top satisfactory paper acc wrote nl nom not
    `Taro has never written a decent (research) paper in his life.'
Example #4:

    b. Ken wa yasai sika tabe-nai.
    Ken top vegetables apart from eat-not
    `Ken doesn't eat anything apart from vegetables.'
Example #5:

    zyuunin tarazu datta.
    ten-people less-than were
    `Less than ten people revealed anything about the confidential papers.'
Example #6:

    b. mosi syorui ni kansite hito-koto-demo/*-mo morasi-tara kubi da-yo.
    if papers dat regarding one word-even leak-then fired are
    `If you say a word about the papers, you'll be fired.'
Example #7:

    c. kono koto ni tuite wa hito-koto*-demo/-mo morasa nai-de-ne.
    this fact dat about top one-word-even leak not
    `Please don't say a word about this to anyone.'
Example #8:

    zyuunin tarazu da.
    ten-people less-than are
    `Less than ten people have the slightest chance to succeed in the test.'
Example #9:

    b. Taroo ni mosi siken ni ukaru itiru- no-nozomi-demo/*-mo atta nara ...
    Taro dat if test in pass slightest­poss-hope-even had then
    `If Taro had the slightest chance of passing the test...'
Example #10:

    c. siken ni ukaru koto ni tuite wa itiru-no-nozomi-*demo/-mo nai.
    test in pass thing in regarding top slightest-poss-hope-even not
    `There isn't even the slightest hope (of his) passing the test.'
Example #11:

    zyuunin tarazu datta.
    ten-people less-than were
    `Less than ten people drank even a drop of alcohol.'
Example #12:

    arutyuu ni-naru yo.
    alcoholism become emph
    `If you drink even a drop of alcohol, you'll slip into alcoholism.'
Example #13:

    nondei-nai.
    drinking not
    `He hasn't drunk a drop ever since he recovered from alcoholism.'
Example #14:

    zyuunin tarazu datta.
    ten-people less-than were
    `Less than ten people have produced a decent thesis at that university.'
Example #15:

    b. *mosi roku-na NPI-no-ronbun ga a-ttara yomi-tai mono da-ne.
    if satisfactory NPI-poss-article nom be-then read-want nl cop
    `If there is an article on NPIs that is worth reading, I'd like to read it.'
Example #16:

    c. Taroo wa roku-na ronbun o kaita koto ga nai.
    Taro top satisfactory paper acc wrote nl nom not
    `Taro has never written a decent research paper in his life.'
Example #17:

    zyuunin tarazu datta.
    ten-people less-than were
    `Less than ten (students) were upset upon failing the test.'
Example #18:

    b. *Taroo wa mosi bidoo-dani -demo/-mo si-tara korosareru to sitte-ita.
    Taro top if budge-an-inch-even do-then kill- pass that knew
    `Taro knew that if he as much as budged an inch, he would be killed.'
Example #19:

    si-na-katta.
    do-not- past
    `Taro didn't blink an eyelid on being told that he would die very soon.'
Example #20:

    tabako o sutta no mo zyuunin tarazu datta.
    cigarette acc smoked nl also ten people less-than were
    smoked and less than ten people danced.'
Example #21:

    mata, mosi tabako o suu no nara okorimasu.
    and if cigarette acc smoke nl then be-angry
    if you smoke I'll be angry.'
Example #22:

    Taroo wa sake mo noma-nai, katu tabako mo suwa-nai.
    Taro top sake also drinks-not and cigarette also smokes-not
    Taro smokes.'
Example #23:

    (no dochira) da.
    either is
    it is not the case that Taro drinks, or it is not the case that Taro smokes.
Example #24:

    zyuunin tarazu datta.
    ten-people less-than were
    `Less than ten people had even a drop of alcohol.'
Example #25:

    zyuunin tarazu datta.
    ten-people less-than were
    `Less than ten people haven't drink even a drop of alcohol.'