ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Nianwen Xue (2001). DEFINING AND AUTOMATICALLY IDENTIFYING WORDS IN CHINESE.

URL: http://verbs.colorado.edu/~xuen/publications/xue_diss.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2484&langcode=cmn (2018-10-20).

 

Example #1:

    (1)    ta [VP [V xiu][NP qiche]]
    he        repair car
    "He repairs cars."
Example #2:

    (2)    a. ta lai-le  liangci
    he come ASP twice
    "He came twice."
Example #3:

    b. ta chang-le liangci
    he sing ASP twice
    "He sang twice."
Example #4:

    c. ta lai chang-le liangci
    he come sing ASP twice
    "He came and sang twice."
Example #5:

    (1)    a. ren-zao  wei-xing
    man-make satellite
    "man-made satellite"
Example #6:

    b. dian-xun     guan-li-ju
    communication administration
    "communication administration"
Example #7:

    c. hua-dong ke-ji             da-xue
    Hua-dong science-technology university
    "Hua-dong science and technology university"
Example #8:

    d. lian-he-guo   jiao-yu ke-xue wen-hua zu-zi
    United Nations education science culture organization
    "United Nations Education Science Culture Organization"
Example #9:

    [gai-ge he kai-fang hou], jingji  dedao le fazhan.
    [reform and open after]     economy get LE development
    "Economy has developed after reform and opening to the outside world."
Example #10:

    [ta yao likai jia   qu xuexiao ma]?
    he will leave home go school MA?
    "Will he leave home and go to school?"
Example #11:

    ta [ba Zhangsan he Lisi] da le
    he [BA Zhangsan and Lisi] hit LE
    "He hit Zhangsan and Lisi."
Example #12:

    ta [bei Zhangsan he Lisi] da le
    he BEI Zhangsan and Lisi hit LE
    "He was hit by Zhangsan and Lisi."
Example #13:

    (3)     da-yi
    big-garment
    "overcoat"
Example #14:

    (4)    Gua yang tou, mai gou rou
    hang goat head, sell dog meat
    "Say one thing and do another."
Example #15:

    (5)    a. *gui       shou-juar
    expensive handkerchief
    "expensive handkerchief"
Example #16:

    b. gui       de shou-juar
    expensive DE handkerchief
    "expensive handkerchief"
Example #17:

    (6)    a. *bao hui-chen
    thin dust
    "thin dust"
Example #18:

    b. bao de hui-chen
    thin DE dust
    "thin dust"
Example #19:

    (7)    a. *cong-ming dong-wu
    clever     animal
    "clever animal"
Example #20:

    b. cong-ming de dong-wu
    clever     DE animal
    "clever animal"
Example #21:

    (8)   a. *hua-ji ren
    funny person
    "funny person"
Example #22:

    b. hua-ji de ren
    funny DE person
    "funny person"
Example #23:

    (9)    a.*huang qi-chuan
    yellow steam-boat
    "yellow steam-boat"
Example #24:

    b. huang de qi-chuan
    yellow DE steam-boat
    "yellow steam-boat"
Example #25:

    (10)   a.*shen shu
    deep book
    "difficult book"
Example #26:

    b. shen de shu
    deep DE book
    "difficult book"
Example #27:

    (11)   a.*duan cheng-mo
    short silence
    "short silence"
Example #28:

    b. duan de cheng-mo
    short DE silence
    "short silence"
Example #29:

    (12)   a. *bai shou
    white hand
    "white hand"
Example #30:

    b. bai de shou
    white DE hand
    "white hand"
Example #31:

    (13)   a. hei ban
    black board
    "blackboard"
Example #32:

    b. ?? hei de ban
    black DE board
    "a board which is black"
Example #33:

    (14)   a. leng-she
    cold shoot
    "Shoot (soccer) suddenly"
Example #34:

    (15)    a. bai zhi
    white paper
    "white paper"
Example #35:

    (16)    a. xin zhi
    letter paper
    "letter paper"
Example #36:

    b. *xin de zhi
    letter DE paper
    "letter paper"
Example #37:

    (17)    xin [yong bi xie zai zhi] shang de
    letter [with pen write at paper] on      DE
    "The letter is written on paper with a pen."
Example #38:

    (18)   a. you-zui
    oil-mouth
    "glib talker"
Example #39:

    b. you de zui
    oil DE mouth
    "greasy mouth !=glib talker"
Example #40:

    (19)   a xin de shu
    new DE book
    "a new book"
Example #41:

    b. hen xin de shu
    very new DE book
    "a very new book"
Example #42:

    c. geng xin de shu
    more new De book
    "a more new book"
Example #43:

    d. zui xin de shu
    most new DE book
    "the newest book"
Example #44:

    e. zheme xin de shu
    such new DE book
    "such new books"
Example #45:

    f. bu xin de shu
    not new DE book
    "a book that is not new"
Example #46:

    (20)   a. xin shu
    new book
    "a new book"
Example #47:

    b. *hen xin shu
    very new book
    "a very new book"
Example #48:

    c. *geng xin shu
    more new book
    "a more new book"
Example #49:

    d. *zui xin shu
    most new book
    "the newest book"
Example #50:

    e. *zheme xin shu
    such new book
    "such a new book"
Example #51:

    f. *bu xin shu
    not new book
    "a book that is not new"
Example #52:

    b. xin de [san ben shu]
    new DE three CL book
    "three books that are new"
Example #53:

    c. xin de [nei ben shu]
    new DE that CL book
    "the book that is new"
Example #54:

    b. *xin [san ben shu]
    new three CL book
    "three books that are new"
Example #55:

    c. *xin [nei ben shu]
    new that CL book
    "the book that is new"
Example #56:

    (23)    kao-rou       [V N]   N
    roast-meat
    "roast meat"
Example #57:

    da-jia    dou xi-huan kao rou
    everybody all like      roast meat
    "Everybody likes roast lean meat."
Example #58:

    a. da-jia    dou zai      kao xin-xian de rou
    everybody all proceed roast fresh   DE meat
    "Everybody is roasting fresh meat."
Example #59:

    b. rou, da-jia    dou zai        kao
    meat everybody all proceed roast
    "Meat, everybody is roasting."
Example #60:

    (27)    jixu    [gaijin he tigao]
    continue [correct and improve]
    "continue to correct and improve"
Example #61:

    (28)    *da [si    he shang    xuduo diren]
    hit [dead and wounded many enemy]
    "Kill and wound many enemies by hitting"
Example #62:

    [gaige he kaifang] hou, zhongguo jingji  dedao le fazhan.
    reform and open after China      economy get LE development
    world."
Example #63:

    [ta yao likai jia qu xuexiao] ma?
    he will leave home go school MA?
    "Will he leave home and go to school?"
Example #64:

    ta ba [Zhangsan he Lisi] da le
    he BA Zhangsan and Lisi hit LE
    "He hit Zhangsan and Lisi."
Example #65:

    ta bei [Zhangsan he Lisi] da le
    he BEI Zhangsan and Lisi hit LE
    "He was hit by Zhangsan and Lisi."
Example #66:

    a. da-ying zhe chang bisai
    play-win this CL match
    "play and win this match"
Example #67:

    a. da-de-ying zhe chang bi-sai
    play-DE-win this CL      match
    "able to play and win this match"
Example #68:

    (35)   a. da de duishou hen pilao
    play DE opponent very tired
    "play and cause the opponent very tired"
Example #69:

    b. da de duishou hen pilao, ziji hen xinfen
    play DE opponent very tired, self very excited
    "play and cause the opponent very tired"
Example #70:

    [proi] ge-ge shenqin jin-zhang
    each look       nervous
    "Many Shanghai folks sat in the room. Everybody looks nervous."
Example #71:

    [proi] shi yi-ge     da chengshi
    be one-CL big city
    "Many Shanghai folks sat in the room. Shanghai is a big city."
Example #72:

    tameni ge-ge shenqin jin-zhang
    they each look nervous
    "Many Shanghai folks sat in the room. Everybody looks nervous."
Example #73:

    neii shi yi ge da chengshi
    that be one CL big city
    "Many Shanghai folks sat in the room. Shanghai is a big city."
Example #74:

    (38)   a. wo dan xin
    I carry heart
    "I am concerned."
Example #75:

    b. xin, wo yi-dian dou bu dan
    heart I one-point all not carry
    "I am not worried one bit."
Example #76:

    (11)    Zhangsan bang-zhu-guo Lisi
    Zhangsan help-help-PERF Lisi
    "Zhangsan helped Lisi."
Example #77:

    yang          pi       mian        da               yi
    goat        leather cotton         big              clothing
    "goat leather overcoat"
Example #78:

    (16)    Gua yang tou, mai gou rou
    hang goat head, sell dog meat
    "Say one thing and do another"
Example #79:

    (1)    a. ta hen dan-xin zhe jian shi
    he very worry this CL matter
    "He is very worried about this matter."
Example #80:

    b. *ta dan-le san nian de xin zhejian shi
    he carry LE three year DE heart this    matter
    "He worried about this matter for three years."
Example #81:

    d. Q: ta dan-xin     zhe jian shi   ma?
    he carry-heart this CL matter MA
    "Is he worried about this?"
Example #82:

    b. ta you henduo qian
    he have much money
    "He has much money."
Example #83:

    c. qian, ta you
    money, he have
    "Money, he has."
Example #84:

    (6)    a. ta hen dan-xin
    he very worry
    "He was very worried."
Example #85:

    b. *ta hen dan-le     bantian de xin
    he very carry-ASP half-day DE mind
    "He was very worried for a while."
Example #86:

    c. *xin, ta yizhi        hen dan
    heart, he continuous very carry
    "He has been worried."
Example #87:

    (8)    a. you-qian
    have-money
    "rich"
Example #88:

    b. you-wenti
    have problem / question
    "problematic"
Example #89:

    c. you-yunqi
    have-luck
    "lucky"
Example #90:

    d. you-xingqu
    have-interest
    "interested"
Example #91:

    e. you-kanfa
    have-opinion
    "opinionated"
Example #92:

    f. you-shuiping
    have-level
    "highly competent"
Example #93:

    b. ta you henduo qian
    he have much money
    "He has much money."
Example #94:

    c. qian, ta you
    money, he have
    "Money, he has."
Example #95:

    (16)       a. ta dan le san nian de xin
    he carry ASP three year DE heart
    "He was worried for three years."
Example #96:

    b. ta dan-xin     zhe jian shi
    he carry-heart this CL matter
    "He was very worried about this matter."
Example #97:

    (18)    a. ta hen     dan-xin
    he very carry-heart
    "He was very worried."
Example #98:

    b. *xin, ta hen dan
    Heart, he very carry
    "He was very worried."
Example #99:

    (20)     ta da-po-le chuangzi
    he hit-break ASP window
    "He broke the window."
Example #100:

    (21)     *ta da-le-po     chuangzi
    he hit-ASP-break window
    "He broke the window."
Example #101:

    (22)     a *ta da-quan-po         chuangzi
    he hit-totally-break window
    "He broke the window."
Example #102:

    b. chuangzi quan po     le
    window totally break ASP
    "The window is completely broken."
Example #103:

    (23)    ta da-de chuangzi po-le
    he hit-DE window break-ASP
    "He broke the window."
Example #104:

    (24)   Youyou zhui-lei-le      Taotao le
    Youyou chase-tired-ASP Taotao le
    c. "Youyou chased Taotao and as result Youyou became tired."
Example #105:

    (27)   Youyou zhui-lei-le      Taotao le
    Youyou chase-tired-ASP Taotao le
    c. "Youyou chased Taotao and as result Youyou became tired."
Example #106:

    (28)   Youyou ba Taotao zhui-lei-le
    Youyou ba Taobao chase-tired-ASP
    c. *"Youyou chased Taotao and as result Youyou became tired."
Example #107:

    (29)    Youyou ba Taotao da-le
    Youyou ba Taotao hit-ASP
    "Youyou hit Taotao."
Example #108:

    (31)  Youyou zhui-de Taotao [lian laoshi dou bu gaoxing le].
    Youyou chase-de Taotao even teacher all not happy le
    became unhappy."
Example #109:

    (34)   a. Youyou ba Taotao chang-wang-le xin-li          de fannao.
    Youyou ba Taotao sing-forget-ASP heart-inside de worry
    "Youyou sang and as a result Taotao forgot his worries."
Example #110:

    (38)    meiguoren xuan Bush zuo zongtong
    Americans elect Bush act as President
    "Americans elected Bush to be the President."
Example #111:

    (39)    meiguoren ba Bush xuan-zuo zongtong
    American ba Bush elect-act as President
    "Americans elected Bush to be the President."
Example #112:

    (40)    Bush bei meiguoren xuan-zuo zongtong.
    Bush bei Americans elect-act as President
    "Bush was elected to be the President by the Americans ."
Example #113:

    (45)    ta [PP [P wei] [IP chuli zhe jian shi]] qu-le xianggang
    he        for      handle this CL matter go-ASP Hong Kong
    "To deal with this matter, he went to Hong Kong."
Example #114:

    (46)    a. ta ku-de [IP shoupa        dou shi-le]
    he cry-de   handkerchief all wet-ASP
    "He cried (so badly) that his handkerchief was wet."
Example #115:

    (47)    a. ta kua-de Taotao [IP pro hen gaoxing]
    he praise-de Taotao      very happy
    "He praised Taotao and Taotao is very happy."
Example #116:

    (49)    ta ba    zhuyili zhuang-xiang-le xuexi shang
    he turns focus turn to ASP       study on
    "He turned his focus to study."
Example #117:

    (1) a. jing-cha [VP [PP [P yong] [NP qiang]] [V sha-le] [NP tao-fan]]
    police             with      gun       kill LE escapee
    "Police killed the escapee with a gun."
Example #118:

    c. jing-cha [VP [V qiang-sha-le] [NP tao-fan]]
    police          gun-kill LE escapee
    "Police killed the escapee with a gun."
Example #119:

    (2)    a. ri-wen zhang-yu zeng-ma shuo?
    Japanese octopus how        say
    "How do you say octopus in Japanese?"
Example #120:

    (3)    ta [tou tong]
    he head ache
    "He is having a headache."
Example #121:

    (4)    ta de [tou] [tong] (shou bu tong)
    he DE head ache hand not ache
    "His head aches but his hand does not."