The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Liina Pylkkänen (2002). Introducing Arguments.

URL: http://www.ai.mit.edu/projects/dm/theses/pylkkanen02.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2522&langcode=lug (2019-01-19).


Example #1:

    Mukasa     ya-som-e-dde           Katonga             ekitabo
    Mukasa     3G.PAST-read-APPL-past Katonga             book
    `Mukasa read Katonga a book'
Example #2:

    Mukasa    ya-tambu-le -dde               Katonga
    Mukasa    PAST-walk -APPL-PAST           Katonga
    `Mukasa walked for Katonga'
Example #3:

    Mukasa     ya-li-dde                     enyama        (nga)    embisi
    Mukasa     PAST.3sg-eat-PAST                meat                   raw
    `Mukasa ate the meat raw'
Example #4:

    Mukasa    ya-koze                    (nga)    akooye
    Mukasa    PAST.3sg-work                       tired
    `Mukasa worked tired '
Example #5:

    Mukasa     ya-li-dde                     enyama        nga      akooye
    Mukasa     PAST.3sg-eat-PAST             meat                   tired
    `Mukasa ate the meat tired '
Example #6:

    *Enyama ba-gi- li-dde             nga akooye
    meat       PAST.3sg-PASS-eat-PAST     tired
    `The meat was eaten tired'
Example #7:

    Katonga i ya-tambudde ne             Mukasaj nga      akooye             (i *,j)
    Katonga past.3sg-walk with           Mukasa      tired
    `Katonga i walked with Mukasa j tired (i *,j)'
Example #8:

    Mustafa     ya-ko-le -dde               Katonga nga          mulwadde
    Mustafa     past.3SG-work-APPL-past Katonga DEP sick
    `Mustafa worked for Katonga sick '
Example #9:

    Mukasa       ya-ko-le -dde              Katonga     nga     akooye
    Mukasa       past.3sg- work-APPL-past Katonga       DEP tired
    `Mukasa worked for Katonga tired '
Example #10:

    Omusomesa      ya-wandi-s-a             Katonga ne obu nyikivu
    teacher        3SG.PAST-write -CAUSE-FV Katonga with the dedication
    `The teacher made Katonga WRITE WITH DEDICATION'