ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

David Y. Oshima (2005). Perspectives in Reported Discourse.

URL: http://www.stanford.edu/~davidyo/docs/prd_slides.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2533&langcode=jpn (2018-07-17).

 

Example #1:

    b. Taro-wa boku-ni prezento-o {*yaru/kureru}.
    Taro-Top I-Dat gift-Acc         give-Pres
    `Taro will give me a gift.'
Example #2:

    omotte-i-ru.
    believe-Asp-Pres.
    `Taro believes that [I gave him a gift].'
Example #3:

    omotte-i-ru.
    believe-Asp-Pres.
    `Taro believes that [he gave me a gift].'
Example #4:

    (26)       Johni -wa [karei -ga kanemoti-da] to omotte-i-ru.
    John-Top he-Nom rich.be-Pres Quot believe-Asp-Pres
    `John believes that he is rich.'
Example #5:

    turete-{a. iku /b. kuru } -beki-da] to   omotte-i-ru.
    take-{go/come}            -should Quot believe-Asp-Pres
    (b) `Taroi thinks that I should come to where hei is with the director of Spider
Example #6:

    (A1)    Taroi -wa [boku-ga karei -no tokoro-ni kuru -beki-da] to syutyoo-site-i-ru.
    Taro-Top I-Nom hei -Gen place-Dat come-should Quot claim-Asp-Pres
    `Taroi claims that I should come to where he*i is.'
Example #7:

    (A2) ??Taroi -wa [boku-ga zibuni -no tokoro-ni iku -beki-da] to syutyoo-site-i-ru.
    Taro-Top I-Nom selfi -Gen place-Dat go-should Quot claim-Asp-Pres
    `Taroi claims that I should go to where he*i is.'
Example #8:

    (B1)    (?)Taroi -wa [boku-ga zibuni -ni sono hon-o yat -ta]  to   syutyoo-site-i-ru.
    Taro-Top     I-Nom selfi -Dat that book-Acc give-Past Quot claim-Asp-Pres
    `Taroi claims that I gave him*i that book.'
Example #9:

    (B2) ??Taroi -wa [boku-ga karei -ni sono hon-o    kure-ta] to syutyoo-site-i-ru.
    Taro-Top I-Nom hei -Dat that book-Acc give-Past Quot claim-Asp-Pres
    `Taroi claims that I gave himi that book.'
Example #10:

    (C1) ?*Taroi -wa [itumo boku-ga i yuubinbutu-o todoke-ni kite-yatte-i-ru]     to   syutyoosite-i-ru.
    Taro-Top always I-Nom  mail-Acc             hand-Dat come-Ben-Asp-Pres Quot claim-Asp-Pres
    `Taroi claims that I always come to deliver mail to himi .'
Example #11:

    (C2) ?*Taroi -wa [itumo boku-ga i yuubinbutu-o todoke-ni itte-kure-i-ru]    to   syutyoosite-i-ru.
    Taro-Top always I-Nom  mail-Acc             hand-Dat go-Ben-Asp-Pres Quot claim-Asp-Pres
    `Taroi claims that I always go to deliver mail to himi .'