ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

RUMIKO SHINZATO (2002). Cognition, epistemic scale, and functions of the Old Japanese question particle ka1.

URL: https://www.degruyter.de/journals/linguistics/2002/pdf/40_553.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2585&langcode=jpn (2018-06-19).

 

Example #1:

    ( 21 )   A: Boku, huyu no LSA ni iku koto ni shita            yo.
    I      winter poss       to go        on decided PTCLE
    `I'm going to the Winter LSA.'
Example #2:

    B: Kimi ga      iku no nara, boku mo iku yo.
    you SUBJ go that if          I    too go PTCLE
    `If you are going, I'm going, too.'
Example #3:

    boku mo iku yo.
    I     too go PTCL
    `I'm going to LSA {*if / because} Mr. Takeda is going.'
Example #4:

    Ittai,           dokomade sodatsu daroo?
    in the world how much grow BE
    `How much could they grow?'
Example #5:

    ``Naruhodo, sooyuu koto datta            no     ka'
    I see         so     fact BE-PAST NOM Q
    `I see, so that's how it was.'
Example #6:

    ``=== Are wa, dare           ga mitemo jisatsu ja-nai       desu ka.'
    that T anyone S see           suicide BE-NEG BE Q
    `That is a suicide to anyone's eyes, isn't it'?'
Example #7:

    ``=== Yuruse-nai. Yurusu mon desu ka. ==='
    forgive-NEG forgive thing BE Q
    `I cannot forgive. I can never forgive her.'
Example #8:

    ( 33 )   a. Ashita,     hareru ka na.
    tomorrow rain Q ITP
    `I wonder if it will be fine tomorrow.'
Example #9:

    b. Ashita,     hare-nai ka na.
    tomorrow clear-not Q ITP
    `I wish it would be fine.'
Example #10:

    ( 35 )   T ga yuushoo shi-nai ka naa
    S win       do-not Q ITP
    `I wish / hope T will win!'
Example #11:

    ( 36 )   a. Kare wa yakusoku wo yabut-ta n              daroo ka
    he T promise O break-Past Nom. Inf. Q
    `( I ) wonder if he broke the promise.'
Example #12:

    b. Kare wa dooshite yakusoku wo yabut-ta n              daroo ka.
    he T why             promise O break-Past Nom. Inf. Q
    `( I ) wonder why it is that he broke the promise.'
Example #13:

    c. Watashi wa dooshite yakusoku wo yabut-ta n             daroo ka.
    I         T why         promise O break-Past Nom. Inf. Q
    `( I ) wonder why it is that I broke the promise.'
Example #14:

    (i)     .... ka to     utagahu
    KP QP     doubt
    `doubt if . . .'
Example #15:

    ( ii)   .... ya to     tohu
    KP QP     ask
    `ask if . . .'