ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Edith Aldridge (2005). Syntax and Typology of Ergativity.

URL: http://ling.cornell.edu/japanese_historical_linguistics/Ergativity[1].05-Aldridge.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2586&langcode=trv (2022-01-25).

 

Example #1:

    (5)a.   Wada kudurjak              ka       qedin=na.
    Past flee                  Abs      wife=3s.Gen
    "His wife ran away."
Example #2:

    b.      Wada bube-un               na       Pihu     ka       dangi=na.
    Past hit-Tr                Erg      Pihu     Abs      friend=3s.Gen
    "Pihu hit his friend."
Example #3:

    (6)a.   Wada=ku=na                 bube-un.
    Past=1s.Abs=3s.Erg         hit-Tr
    "He/she hit me."
Example #4:

    b.      Wada=ku=na                 s-bari            hulama.
    Past=1s.Abs=3s.Erg         App-buy           treat
    "He/she bought me a       treat."
Example #5:

    (7)a.   Wada=ku        beebu            Pihu.
    Past=1s.Abs hit.Intr            Pihu
    "I hit Pihu."
Example #6:

    b.      Wada=ku        m-ari            hulama                laqi.
    Past=1s.Abs Intr-buy            treat                 child
    "I bought a treat for the child."
Example #7:

    c.      Maha=ku                 Taihoku.
    will.go=1s.Abs          Taipei
    "I will go to Taipei."
Example #8:

    (12)a. sapah        s-n-malu          na      tama
    house        -Perf-build       Erg     father
    "house which Father built"
Example #9:

    b.    *seediq       s-n-malu          ka      sapah
    person       -Perf-build       Abs     house
    "person who built the house"
Example #10:

    (15)   Ner-ci-u!
    eat-2p-3s
    "You all eat it!"
Example #11:

    (24)a. M-n-osa         [PRO m-ari             patis          taihoku]            ka       Ape.
    Intr-Perf-go          Intr-buy         book           Taipei              Abs      Ape
    "Ape went to   buy books in Taipei."
Example #12:

    ka      Ape.
    Abs     Ape
    "Ape went to   buy books in Taipei."
Example #13:

    (43)a. Wada m-ari          patis ka               Awe.
    Past Intr-buy       book Abs               Awe
    "Awe bought a book."
Example #14:

    (44)a. Mu-chieka      ka     sapah.
    Intr-cracked Abs house
    "The house is cracked."
Example #15:

    (45)a. Wada bube-un           na                     Pihu   ka        dangi=na.
    Past hit-Tr            Erg                    Pihu   Abs       friend=3s.Gen
    "Pihu hit his friend."
Example #16:

    (47)a. M-n-osa       [PRO m-ari                patis     taihoku]        ka     Ape.
    Intr-Perf-go         Intr-buy           book      Taipei          Abs    Ape
    "Ape goes to buy books in Taipei."
Example #17:

    b.     M-osa=nami [PRO ts-um-uaq               qushia]
    Intr-go=1p.Abs       -Intr-pour         water
    "We went to water (the plums)."
Example #18:

    (48)a. Ha-an         [PRO ts-um-uaq            qushia]          ka       ritsah kiya.
    go-Tr                 -Intr-pour        water            Abs      plum that
    "(We) went to water the plums."
Example #19:

    ka     Ape.
    Abs Ape
    "Ape goes to buy books in Taipei."
Example #20:

    (51)a. Wada=nak      m-ari                   rulu     ka       Ape.
    Past=Refl     Intr-buy                car      Abs      Ape
    "Ape bought herself a car."
Example #21:

    (73)a. Wada=na           puray-un       ka     qutsuruh.
    Past=3s.Erg       cook-Tr        Abs fish
    "She cooked     the fish."
Example #22:

    b.     M-n-ari           qutsuruh       chiiga       (ka)                            Ape.
    Intr-Perf-buy     fish.Obl       yesterday    Abs                             Ape
    "Ape bought     a fish yesterday."
Example #23:

    (77)a. B-n-ari       na      Ape                      ka        patis-ni.
    Perf-buy      Erg     Ape                      Abs       book-Def
    "Ape bought the book."
Example #24:

    b.     patis b-n-ari         na                       Ape
    book Perf-buy         Erg                      Ape
    "book bought by Ape"
Example #25:

    c.    *seediq        s-n-malu                         ka        sapah
    person        -Perf-build                      Abs       house
    "person who built the house"
Example #26:

    (78)a. M-n-ari       patis ka                         Ape.
    Intr-Perf-buy book Abs                         Ape
    "Ape bought a book."
Example #27:

    b.    *patis m-n-ari        ka                        Ape
    book Intr-Perf-buy Abs                         Ape
    "book bought by Ape"
Example #28:

    (83)a. Wada-sa.ku              bube-un.
    Past-2s.Erg.1s.Abs hit-Tr
    "You hit me."
Example #29:

    b.     Wada=su        beebu          yaku.
    Past=2s.Abs hit.Intr          me
    "You hit me."
Example #30:

    c.    *Wada=sa.ku beebu.
    Past=2s.1s     hit.Intr
    "You hit me."
Example #31:

    (96)a. M-n-ari           qutsuruh       chiiga       Ape.
    Intr-Perf-buy     fish           yesterday    Ape.Abs
    "Ape bought     a fish yesterday."
Example #32:

    b.     Wada=na           puray-un       ka     qutsuruh.
    Past=3s.Erg       cook-Tr        Abs fish
    "She cooked     the fish."
Example #33:

    (97)a. M-n-oda      m-ari           qushia mutaso            Hori    ka      Awe-ni.
    Intr-Perf-go Intr-buy        water clean              Puli    Abs     Awe-Def
    "Awe went to buy clean water in Puli."
Example #34:

    b.     Wada=na      s-pahu          lukus         ka         qushia mutaso.
    Past=3s.Erg App-wash         clothes       Abs        water clean
    "She washed clothes with the clean water."