ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Eric McCready (2004). Two Japanese Adverbials and Expressive Content.

URL: http://semanticsarchive.net/Archive/2Y3YjAxM/saltpaper-mccready.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2590&langcode=jpn (2018-06-20).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   a.   Yoku koko ni kita na!
    YOKU here to came PT
    `You came here, and I am surprised/happy that you did.'
Example #2:

    b.   Yoku ore o       damasita na!
    YOKU me ACC tricked PT
    `You tricked me, and I am surprised you were able to.'
Example #3:

    (2)   a.   Yokumo koko ni kita na!
    YOKUMO here to came PT
    `You have a lot of guts to come here!'
Example #4:

    b.   Yokumo ore o          damasita na!
    YOKUMO me ACC tricked PT
    `I can't believe you had the gall to trick me.'
Example #5:

    (3)   a.   Taro ga     yoku biiru o  nomu
    Taro NOM often beer ACC drinks
    `Taro often drinks beer.'
Example #6:

    b.   Kono ronbun wa yoku dekita mon da ne.
    this paper TOP well done thing COP PT
    `This paper is nicely done.'
Example #7:

    (4)     a.   Kings-wa yoku Wolves-ni geemu-wan de kateta     na
    Kings-TOP YOKU Wolves-DAT game-one in could-win PT
    `I'm amazed and pleased that the Kings beat the Wolves in Game 1.'
Example #8:

    b.   Kings-wa yokumo Wolves-ni geemu-wan de kateta     na
    Kings-TOP YOKUMO Wolves-DAT game-one in could-win PT
    beat the Wolves in Game 1.'
Example #9:

    b.   *Yoku Dallas to kekkon sita na!
    YOKU Dallas with marry did PT
    `He did a really good and surprising thing by marrying Dallas!'
Example #10:

    b.    *Yokumo Dallas to kekkon sita na!
    YOKUMO Dallas with marry did PT
    `He did an amazingly stupid and shocking thing by marrying Dallas!'
Example #11:

    b.    omae-wa yoku konna        e-o         kaketa
    you-TOP YOKU this-kind-of picture-ACC could-draw
    `I can't believe you could draw a picture this good.'
Example #12:

    a.     # John yoku(mo) koko ni kita!
    John YOKU(MO) here to came
    `John was really good (had a lot of guts) to come here!'
Example #13:

    b.     John yoku(mo) koko ni kita na!
    John YOKU(MO) here to came PT
    `John was really good (had a lot of guts) to come here!'
Example #14:

    (10) kinoo     ame-ga   ippai futta na
    yesterday rain-NOM lots fell PT
    `It rained a lot yesterday.'
Example #15:

    (11) A: Taro-ga  yoku annani       ii   e-o         kaketa     na
    Taro-NOM YOKU that-kind-of good picture-ACC could-draw PT
    `I'm surprised and pleased that Taro could draw such a good picture.'
Example #16:

    a.   B: #Uso da!
    lie COP
    `That's a lie!'
Example #17:

    (12) A: Taro-ga  yokumo ano ko-o     nagutta na
    Taro-NOM YOKUMO that kid-ACC hit     PT
    `I'm surprised and shocked that Taro hit that kid.'
Example #18:

    a.   B: #Uso da!
    lie COP
    `That's a lie!'
Example #19:

    (17) a.     *[Yoku koko ni kita] kamosirenai na!
    YOKU here to came might          PT
    `It is possible that you did really well to come here!'
Example #20:

    b.    *Yoku [koko ni kita kamosirenai] na!
    YOKU here to came might          PT
    `It is possible that you did really well to come here!'
Example #21:

    (18) a.    *[Yokumo koko ni kita] kamosirenai na!
    YOKUMO here to came might          PT
    `Maybe you have a lot of guts to come here!'
Example #22:

    b.   *Yokumo [koko ni kita kamosirenai] na!
    YOKUMO here to came might          PT
    `Maybe you have a lot of guts to come here!'
Example #23:

    (19) omae yokumo konna       ii   sakuhin dekita      n    ya na
    you YOKUMO this-kind-of good artwork was-able-to EMPH COP PT
    `I can't believe you were able to make a piece this good!'
Example #24:

    (20) (*)Taro-ga yoku(mo) raigetu  Tokyo ni iku na
    Taro-NOM YOKU(MO) next.month Tokyo to go PT
    `It's surprising and good (bad) that Taro will go to Tokyo next month.'
Example #25:

    (21) a.    *Yoku koko ni kitara, shachoo ga  okoru     daroo
    YOKU here to came-if, boss    NOM get-angry probably
    `If you do really well to come here, the boss will probably get angry.'
Example #26:

    b.    *Taro ga sake o      nomitakattara, yoku koko ni kuru daroo
    Taro NOM alcohol ACC want-drink-if, YOKU here to come probably
    `If Taro wants to drink, he will be likely to do really well to come here.'
Example #27:

    (22) a.     *Yokumo koko ni kitara, shachoo ga  okoru     daroo
    YOKUMO here to came-if, boss    NOM get-angry probably
    `If you have a lot of guts to come here, the boss will probably get angry.'
Example #28:

    daroo
    probably
    `If Taro wants to drink, he will probably have a lot of guts to come here.'
Example #29:

    (23) a.     Yoku koko ni konakatta na!
    YOKU here to came      PT
    `You didn't come here, and I am surprised you were able not to.'
Example #30:

    b.    Yoku ore o  damasanakatta na!
    YOKU me ACC tricked       PT
    `You didn't trick me, and I am surprised you forbore. (one reading)'
Example #31:

    (24) a.     *Yokumo koko ni konakatta na!
    YOKUMO here to came-not PT
    `You have a lot of guts to not come here!'
Example #32:

    b.    *Yokumo ore o damasanakatta na!
    YOKUMO me ACC not-tricked   PT
    `I can't believe you had the gall to not trick me.'
Example #33:

    (26) Omae-ga yoku(mo) konna        koto-o    yat-teru na
    you-NOM YOKU(MO) this.kind.of thing-ACC do-PROG NA
    `I'm surprised you are able to (have the guts do) be doing this kind of thing.'
Example #34:

    (27) a.     *[Yoku(mo) koko ni kita na] to sinzita
    YOKU(MO) here to came PT COMP believed
    `(You) believed I was really good (bad) to come here.'
Example #35:

    b.    *[Yoku(mo) koko ni kita] to sinzita na!
    YOKU(MO) here to came COMP believed PT
    `(You) believed I was really good (bad) to come here.'
Example #36:

    (28) a.     *Taro-ga yoku(mo) ano ko-o     nagutta no   ka?
    Taro-NOM YOKU(MO) that kid-ACC hit     EMPH PT
    `Was Taro good (bad) to hit that kid?' (bad unless echo question)
Example #37:

    b.    *yokumo sara-o   arattekoi!
    YOKUMO plate-ACC wash-come-IMP
    `Go wash the plates and surprise and inconvenience me by doing so!'
Example #38:

    (29) a.     [Yoku(mo) koko ni kita] to omotta na!
    YOKU(MO) here to came COMP thought PT
    `(You) thought (I) did a good (bad) thing to come here!'
Example #39:

    b.    [Yoku(mo) ore o damasita] to omotta na!
    YOKU(MO) me ACC tricked COMP thought PT
    `(I) thought you did a good (bad) thing to trick me.'
Example #40:

    (31) a.     omae yoku ano ii   ko-o    naguru ki-ni natta na
    you YOKU that good kid-ACC hit    feeling became PT
    `I'm shocked at you for deciding to hit that kid.'
Example #41:

    b.    omae yokumo konna       ii   sakuhin dekita      n    ya na
    you YOKUMO this-kind-of good artwork was-able-to EMPH COP PT
    `I can't believe you were able to make a piece this good!'