ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Vera Lee-Schoenfeld (2006). German Possessor Datives.

URL: http://people.ucsc.edu/~vls/Papers/Possessor_Datives_JCGL.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2591&langcode=deu (2020-08-04).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     a. Tim hat der Nachbarin              das Auto gewaschen.
    Tim has the neighbor (DAT, FEM) the      car      washed
    `Tim washed the neighbor's car.'
Example #2:

    (2)     a. Mein Bruder hat der Mami das Auto zu Schrott gefahren.
    my    brother   has the mom (DAT) the car           to   scrap    driven
    `My brother totaled mom's car (totaled the car on mom).'
Example #3:

    (3)       a. *Der Mami DAS AUTO hat er zu Schrott gefahren.
    the    mom (DAT) the       car       has he to     scrap         driven
    `Mom's CAR he totaled.'
Example #4:

    b. DAS AUTO hat er der Mami zu Schrott gefahren.
    the     car         has he the mom (DAT) to     scrap          driven
    `Mom's CAR he totaled. (The CAR he totaled on mom.)'
Example #5:

    b. Mein Bruder wollte der Mami helfen.
    my      brother     wanted the mom (DAT) help
    `My brother wanted to help mom.'
Example #6:

    (5)       Ein guter Ehemann massiert seiner Frau jeden Abend den Rücken.
    a      good    husband       massages    his wife (DAT)       each     evening     the   back
    `A good husband massages his wife's back every night.'
Example #7:

    (6)       a. Mein Bruder hat der Mami leider                           ihr Auto zu Schrott gefahren.
    my      brother     has the mom (DAT) unfortunately her car             to scrap         driven
    `Unfortunately my brother totaled mom's car.'
Example #8:

    b. ?Ein guter Ehemann massiert seiner Frau jeden Abend ihren Rücken.
    a    good      husband     massages     his wife (DAT) each          evening    her       back
    `A good husband massages his wife's back every night.'
Example #9:

    (7)     Mein Bruder ist der Mami zu schnell gefahren.
    my      brother   has the mom (DAT) too fast      driven
    `My brother drove too fast for mom.'
Example #10:

    (8)     Schlaf mir jetzt schön ein, Kleines!
    sleep   me (DAT) now nicely     in   little one
    `Kindly fall asleep for me now, little one!'
Example #11:

    b. *Tim wohnt Lena           im Garten.
    Tim lives     Lena (DAT) in-the garden
    `Tim lives in Lena's garden.'
Example #12:

    c. ?Tim steht Lena          im Garten herum.
    Tim stands Lena (DAT) in-the garden      around
    `Tim stands around in Lena's garden.'
Example #13:

    d. Tim ruiniert Lena         den schönen Garten.
    Tim ruins      Lena (DAT) the beautiful     garden
    `Tim ruins Lena's beautiful garden.'
Example #14:

    e. Tim gräbt Lena         den Garten um.
    Tim digs     Lena (DAT) the garden     around
    `Tim aerates Lena's garden.'
Example #15:

    (10)      a. Tim hat Lena        das Foto vergrößert.
    Tim has Lena (DAT) the   photo enlarged
    `Tim enlarged Lena's photograph.' [Lena = possessor or creator]
Example #16:

    (11)     a. *Ich fotografierte der Armee die Zerstörung der Stadt.
    I     photographed     the army (DAT) the destruction    the city (GEN)
    `I photographed the army's destruction of the city.'
Example #17:

    b. *Die Journalisten sahen der Armee die Hinrichtung von einigen Gefangenen.
    the    jounralists     saw      the army (DAT) the execution       of     several   prisoners
    `The journalists saw the army's execution of several prisoners.'
Example #18:

    b. *Der Hund ist Lena               herumgelaufen.
    the    dog      is Lena (DAT) around-run
    `Lena's dog ran around.'
Example #19:

    (13)     a. Der Hund ist Lena               überfahren worden
    the    dog     is Lena (DAT) over-driven    PASS
    `Lena's dog was run over (by a car).'
Example #20:

    b. Der Arm ist mir             eingeschlafen.
    the    arm    is me (DAT) in-slept
    `My arm fell asleep.'
Example #21:

    (15)     a. Jan hat beschlossen [vP/IP Luise die Haare zu waschen].
    Jan has decided             Luise (DAT) the hair       to   wash
    `Jan decided to wash Luise's hair.'
Example #22:

    c. Jan hat Luise versucht [VP die Haare zu waschen].
    Jan has Luise (DAT) tried           the hair         to wash
    `Jan has tried to wash Luise's hair.'
Example #23:

    (16)    a. Tim pflegte Lena [das Fohlen [der Stute]] gesund.
    Tim treated   Lena (DAT) the   foal   the mare (GEN) healthy
    `Tim cured the mare's foal which belongs to Lena.'
Example #24:

    b. Tim pflegte Lena [die Mutter [des Fohlens]] gesund.
    Tim treated   Lena (DAT) the mother   the   foal (GEN)   healthy
    `Tim cured the foal's mother which belongs to Lena.'
Example #25:

    (20)    a. Jan1 hat dem Direktor versprochen [IP PRO1 zur Party zu kommen].
    Jan   has the       director     promised            to-the party   to come
    `Jan promised the director to come to the party.'
Example #26:

    b. Jan1 hat [DP eine ganze Liste von [DP Büchern PRO1 zu lesen]].
    Jan   has       a        whole   list   of   books              to read
    `Jan has a whole list of books to read.'
Example #27:

    (21)     a. Eine Katze kommt meinen Eltern nicht [ins Haus].
    a       cat      comes         my parents (DAT)          not           in-the house
    `A cat is not allowed in my parents house.' (idiomatic)
Example #28:

    b. Das Kind legte sich dem Papa [auf den Bauch].
    the    child    lay     self    the dad (DAT)       on    the      stomach
    `The child lay down on the dad's stomach.'
Example #29:

    (22)     a. Er stand der Braut [auf der Schleppe].
    he stood       the bride (DAT) on      the      train
    `He stood on the bride's train.'
Example #30:

    b. Das Buch lag Tim                   [direkt vor              der Nase].
    the    book     lay Tim (DAT) directly in-front-of the nose
    `The book was lying directly in front of Tim (literally: in front of Tim's nose)
Example #31:

    (23)          Er hat der Frau                 etwas [aus der Handtasche] genommen].
    he has the woman (DAT) something out the                       purse                  taken
    `He took something from the woman's purse.'
Example #32:

    (24)     a. *Tim musste Lena                    [wegen der Katze] aufräumen.
    Tim had-to        Lena (DAT) because-of the cat                    up-tidy
    `Tim had to clean up because of Lena's cat.'
Example #33:

    b. *Tim aß Lena                [trotz der Bitte] nicht auf.
    Tim ate Lena (DAT) despite the           plea        not       up
    `Tim didn't eat up despite Lena's plea.'
Example #34:

    (25)           Brittai hat sich [beim PROi Warmlaufen] vor dem Spiel verletzt.
    Britta     has self      at-the                warm-running       before the     game   injured
    `Britta injured herself while warming up before the game.'
Example #35:

    (26)      a. Timi lässt Lena nicht [neben sichi] essen.
    Tim      lets   Lena     not         next to    self    eat
    `Tim doesn't let Lena eat next to him.'
Example #36:

    b. Der Direktori lässt die Versammlung [ohne sichi] anfangen.
    the      director      lets    the    gathering               without self     start
    `The director lets the gathering start without him.'
Example #37:

    (27)      a. Timi lässt Lena nicht [neben sichi] essen.
    Tim      lets   Lena     not         next to    self    eat
    `Tim doesn't let Lena eat next to him.'
Example #38:

    b. *Tim muss Lena [neben dem Sessel] aufraümen.
    Tim has-to         Lena       next-to   the armchair         up-tidy
    `Tim has to clean up next to Lena's armchair.'
Example #39:

    (28)      a. Der Direktori lässt die Versammlung [ohne sichi] anfangen.
    the      director      lets    the    gathering               without self     start
    `The director lets the gathering start without him.'
Example #40:

    b. *Tim hat Lena                    [ohne Geschirrspülmittel] abgewaschen.
    Tim has Lena                   without dish-soap                        off-washed
    `Tim did the dishes without Lena's dish soap.'
Example #41:

    (29)    a. Tim aß Lena       *(den Spinat).
    Tim ate Lena (DAT)   (the   spinach)
    `Tim ate Lena's spinach.'
Example #42:

    b. Tim verdreckte Lena          *(die Küche).
    Tim dirtied      Lena (DAT)    (the    kitchen)
    `Tim made Lena's kitchen dirty.'
Example #43:

    b. *Tim nahm Lena die Tasche.
    Tim took       Lena (DAT) the bag
    `Tim took Lena's bag.'
Example #44:

    b. *Tim schaute Lena                das Haus an.
    Tim looked        Lena (DAT) the house at
    `Tim looked at Lena's house.'
Example #45:

    b. ?Tim fand Lena                den Ring.
    Tim found Lena (DAT) the ring
    `Tim found Lena's ring.'
Example #46:

    b. *Tim lachte Lena in der Küche.
    Tim laughed Lena (DAT) in the kitchen
    `Tim laughed in Lena's kitchen.'
Example #47:

    b. Die Kinder schlafen mir nicht schnell genug ein.
    the children    sleep         me (DAT) not          fast         enough   in
    `The children don't fall asleep fast enough for me.'
Example #48:

    (i) *Ich habe unseren Nachbarn der Tocher             geholfen.
    I   have our neighbors (DAT) the daughter (DAT) helped
    `I helped our neighbors' daughter.'
Example #49:

    (ii) *Er hat seiner Freundin dem Vater                   gratuliert.
    he has his girlfriend (DAT) the father (DAT) congratulated
    `He congratulated his girlfriend's father.'
Example #50:

    b. Chris bewunderte seinen Bruder
    Chris   admired    his     brother
    `Chris admired his brother.'
Example #51:

    (46)     a. ?*Mein Bruder hat das Auto der Mami zu Schrott gefahren
    my     brother    has the car (ACC) the mom (DAT) to scraps   driven
    `My brother totaled mom's car.'
Example #52:

    b. ?Mein Bruder hat das Auto dem PAPI, nicht der MAMI, zu Schrott gefahren
    my     brother    has the car (ACC) the dad (DAT) not   the mom (DAT) to   scraps   driven
    `My brother totaled DAD's, not MOM's car.'
Example #53:

    (48)      a. Er massiert sich          die Füße.
    he massages   self (DAT) the feet
    `He is massaging his feet.'
Example #54:

    b. *Er hebt sich         die Hand.
    he raises self(DAT) the hand
    `He is raising his hand.'