ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Yoshihisa Kitagawa (2005). PROSODY, SYNTAX AND PRAGMATICS OF WH-QUESTIONS IN JAPANESE.

URL: http://www.indiana.edu/~ykling/kitagawaELdist.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2607&langcode=jpn (2018-01-23).

 

Example #1:

    (1) (?)~??John-wa [ Mary-ga     nani-o    katta-kadouka ]     shiritagatte-iru-no?
    -Top      -Nom what-Acc bought- CompWthr want.to.know-CompWh
    'What1 does John want to know [ whether Mary bought t1 ]?' (Watanabe (1992:256-2
Example #2:

    (2) a. DAre-ga yoku ohiru-ni ramen-o           toru-no
    who-Nom often lunch-for ramen-Acc order- CompWh
    'Who often has ramen noodles delivered for lunch?'
Example #3:

    b.   Jo hn-wa              yo ku     o hi ru-ni     ra men-o          toru.
    John-Top
    'John often has ramen noodles delivered for lunch.'
Example #4:

    (5) a. John-wa [ Mary-ga         NAni-o eranda-to ]             imademo omoikonderu-no
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc chose-CompThat                still    believe-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John still believes [ that Mary chose it1 ]?'
Example #5:

    b. Keisatsu-wa [ kanojo-ga ano-ban           DAre-to atteita-ka ] imademo      shirabeteiru-no
    -CompWthr                 -CompWh
    night]?'
Example #6:

    (7) Jaa chotto zenzen kankeinai koto-o                tazuneru-kedo.
    then bit       at.all  unrelated      matter-Acc ask-though
    'Then, let me ask you about a totally unrelated matter.'
Example #7:

    sonna kantanna koto-o           daREMO YAROU-TO SHINAkatta.
    such easy         matter-Acc anyone         will.do  did.not
    'No one was willing to do an easy thing like that.'
Example #8:

    kuchi-ni-wa-dasanai
    does.not.mention
    'Whatever that kid may want to eat, he will not mention it.'
Example #9:

    (9) (?)~??John-wa [ Mary-ga     nani-o    katta-kadouka ]     shiritagatte-iru-no?
    -Top      -Nom what-Acc bought- CompWthr want.to.know-CompWh
    'What1 does John want to know [ whether Mary bought t1 ]?' (Watanabe (1992:256-2
Example #10:

    (13) a.   John-wa [ Mary-ga       nani-o    katta   kadouka ] dare-ni tazuneta-no?
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc bought CompWthr who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #11:

    b. Keisatsu-wa [ ano-ban Mary-ga DAre-to atteitta-ka ]            DAre-ni tazuneta-no
    police-TOP that-nightMary-Nom who-with seeing-CompWthr who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'Who1 is such that the police asked [ whom whether Mary was with him1 that night
Example #12:

    c. Keisatsu-wa [ ano-ban DAre-ga DAre-to atteitta-ka ]             kimi-ni tazuneta-no
    police-TOP that-night who-Nom who-with seeing-CompWthr you-Dat asked-CompWh
    'Who1 is such that the police asked you [ whether he1 was with whom that night ]
Example #13:

    (16) a. Un sou sou. miNNA-ni           [ DAre-ga DAre-to atteitta-ka ]      tazunetandayo.
    yes so so everyone-Dat who-Nom who-with seeing-CompWh asked
    'Yes. That's right. They asked everyone [ who was with whom that night ].
Example #14:

    b. Kanojo-ga JOhn-to atteitta-ka(douka) BIll-ni         tazuneta-rashii-desuyo.
    she-Nom      John-with seeing-CompWthr Bill-Dat asked-seems
    'They seem to have asked Bill whether she (= Mary) was with John.'
Example #15:

    c. MAry-ga JOhn-to atteitta-ka(douka) tazune-rareta-yo.
    Mary-Nom John-with seeing-CompWthr was.asked
    'I was asked whether Mary was with John that night.'
Example #16:

    (17) [ ano-ban Mary-ga DAre-to atteitta-ka ]        keISATSU-WA DAre-ni tazuneta-no
    that-night Mary-Nom who-with seeing-CompWh police-TOP            who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'Whom did the police ask [ whom1 Mary was with t1 that night ]?'
Example #17:

    (13) a.   John-wa [ Mary-ga       nani-o    katta   kadouka ] dare-ni tazuneta-no?
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc bought CompWthr who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #18:

    a.   John-wa [ Mary-ga       NAni-o katta-kadouka ]       DAre-ni tazuneta-no?
    John-Top Mary-Nom what-Acc bought-CompWthr who-Dat asked-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #19:

    John-wa DAre-ni [Mary-ga NAni-o katta-kadouka ] tazuneta-no?
    John-Top who-Dat Mary-Nom what-Acc bought-CompWthr asked-CompWh
    'What1 is such that John asked whom [ whether Mary bought it1 ]?'
Example #20:

    (33) *Satou-kun-wa [ Suzuki-kun-ga       NAni-o tabeta-kadouka ] oboete-imasu-ka?
    Mr. Sato-TOP      Mr. Suzuki-Nom what-Acc ate-CompWthr           remember-CompWh
    'What1 is such that Mr. Sato remembers [ whether or not Mr. Suzuki ate it1 ]?'
Example #21:

    kakunin-shiyou-toshiteiru-no?
    trying.to.confirm-CompWh
    suffered from food poisoning ate it1 ]?'
Example #22:

    DAre-to atteita-ka ]         tsukitometa-no?
    who-with seeing-CompWthr found.out-CompWh
    killed ]?'
Example #23:

    (41) Tom-wa [ Jane-ga DOno otokonoko-ni denwashiteita-ka ] yatara kinishiteita-no?
    Tom-Top Jane-Nom which boy-Dat             calling-CompWthr awfully worried-CompWh
    'Which boy1 is such that Tom was so anxious about if Jane was calling him1?'
Example #24:

    ima-wa [ Mary-ga DOko-de kekkon-suru-ka ] siritagatteiru.
    now-Top       -Nomwhere       get.married-CompWh want.to.know
    wants to know where she is getting married.'
Example #25:

    (1) (?)~??John-wa [ Mary-ga     nani-o    katta-kadouka ]      shiritagatte-iru-no?
    -Top      -Nom what-Acc bought- CompWthr want.to.know-Comp                Wh
    'What1 does John want to know [ whether Mary bought t1 ]?'
Example #26:

    (45) Yoshimoto-san-wa joushi-ga dare-o shukkou-saseta-ka                   toiawasemashita-ka?
    Mr/s.Yoshimoto-Topboss-Nom who-Acc send.on.loan-cause-CompWthr asked-CompWh
    'Who1 is such that Ms. Yoshimoto asked her boss if that person1 was sent on loan
Example #27:

    (2) a. DAre-ga yoku ohiru-ni ramen-o           toru-no
    who-Nom often lunch-for ramen-Acc order- CompWh
    'Who often has ramen noodles delivered for lunch?'
Example #28:

    b. John-wa [ Mary-ga        NAni-o eranda-to ]               imademo      omotteiru-no
    what-Acc           -CompThat                          -Comp     Wh
    'What1 does John still think [ that Mary selected t1]?'
Example #29:

    a. DAre-ga NAni-o     katta-no
    who-Nom what-Acc bought-Comp          Wh
    'Who bought what?'
Example #30:

    a. #John-wa [ DAre-ga NAni-o katta-to ]              To m-ni omowaseta-no
    John-Top who-Nom what-Acc bought-CompThat Tom-Dat made.believe-CompY                /N
    '*Did John make Tom believe that who bought what?'
Example #31:

    b. John-wa [ DAre-ga NAni-o katta-to ]                Tom-ni omowaseta-no
    John-Top who-Nom what-Acc bought-CompThat Tom-Dat made.believe-Comp                  Wh
    'Who1 is such that John made Tom believe [ that she1 bought what ]?'