ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Stefan Mueller (1999). An HPSG-Analysis for Free Relative Clauses in German.

URL: http://www.cl.uni-bremen.de/~stefan/PS/freeRel.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2659&langcode=deu (2019-07-17).

 

Example #1:

    (1) a. der Mann, [der]      Maria küßt
    the man    whonom Maria kisses
    `the man who is kissing Maria'
Example #2:

    b. der Mann, [den] Maria küßt
    the man    whoacc Maria kisses
    `the man Maria is kissing'
Example #3:

    c. der Mann, [dem] Maria zuhört
    the man    whoda t Maria listens to
    `the man Maria is listening to'
Example #4:

    d. der Mann, [von dem] Maria geküßt wird
    the man    by who Maria kissed is
    `the man by whom Maria is kissed'
Example #5:

    e. der Stuhl, [auf dem] Karl sitzt
    the chair on which Karl sits
    `the chair Karl is sitting on'
Example #6:

    f. Änderungen, [deren Tragweite] mir nicht bewußt        war
    modifications the consequences me not conscious was
    of '
Example #7:

    g. [ ... ] es hätte die FDP zerrissen und Kandidat Scharping das Signal geb-
    racht, [dessen entbehrend] er schließlich scheiterte.3
    with his signal, but since the signal never came, he failed.'
Example #8:

    wird
    is
    `a fact that is usually neglected'
Example #9:

    (2) a. Ich komme eben aus der Stadt, [wo] ich Zeuge eines Unglücks gewesen
    bin.4
    `I have just come back from town where I was witness to an accident.'
Example #10:

    b. Zufällig war ich in dem Augenblick zugegen, [wo] der Steppenwolf zum
    erstenmal unser Haus betrat und bei meiner Tante sich einmietete.5
    our house for the first time and took lodgings in my aunt's house.'
Example #11:

    Aufregung oder Angstgefühle sachlich und ruhig erwogen wird6
    piele Adalbert Stifters zu folgen und beim Rasieren zu verunglücken, ohne
    is considered in an objective and calm manner, without agitation or fear'
Example #12:

    (3) a. [Wer] schläft, sündigt nicht.
    who sleeps sins       not
    `He who sleeps does not sin.'
Example #13:

    Krümel piken.
    crumbs prick
    how scratchy crumbs are.'
Example #14:

    e. Macht kaputt, [was] euch kaputtmacht!13
    make broken what you broken.makes
    `Destroy what destroys you!'
Example #15:

    f. [Wem] er vertraut, hilft er auch.
    who he trusts       helps he too
    `He helps those he trusts.'
Example #16:

    g. Ich denke nach, [über wen] ich (nachdenken) will.
    I think after about who I          think    want
    'I'll think about whoever I like.`
Example #17:

    h. Ihr könnt beginnen, [mit wem] ihr (beginnen) wollt.
    you can begin         with who you begin     want
    `You can begin with whoever you like.'
Example #18:

    (8) a. Er ist, [wem er verpflichtet            ist,] treu.
    he is who he under.an.obligation is faithful
    `He is faithful to those to whom he is under an obligation.'
Example #19:

    (9) a. die Zerstörung der Stadt
    the destruction the citygen
    `the destruction of the city'
Example #20:

    b. * die Zerstörung, dessen wir gedenken
    the destruction whogen we remember
    remember'
Example #21:

    (11) a. Er erinnerte   sich       seines Vaters.
    he remembered REFLacc his        fatherge      n
    `He remembered his father.'
Example #22:

    b. Wir gedachten seines Vaters.
    we remembered his       fatherge    n
    `We remembered his father.'
Example #23:

    c. ?* Wir gedachten,     wessen er sich       erinnerte.
    we commemorated whogen he REFLacc remembered
    Intended: `We commemorated the person he remembered.'
Example #24:

    (12) a. Die         da    stehen, kennen wir nicht.
    thosenomacc there stand know we not
    `We don't know the ones that are standing over there.'
Example #25:

    c. Sie ißt, was             übrig bleibt.
    she eats whatnomacc left remain
    `She eats what is left.'
Example #26:

    (15) a. Sie kocht, worauf sie Appetit hat.
    she cooks where.on she appetite has
    `She cooks what she feels like eating.'
Example #27:

    [ ... ] ist eine Konstituente.
    is a     constituent
    a constituent.'
Example #28:

    (18) a. * Er vertraut, wen      er kennt.
    he trusts    whoacc he knows
    Intended: `He trusts those he knows.'
Example #29:

    b. * Er lädt ein, wer      ihm genehm ist.
    he invites whonom him suits
    Intended: `He invites whoever he pleases.'
Example #30:

    c. * Er begegnet, mit wem er rechnete.
    he meets      with who he reckon
    Intended: `He is meeting whom he expected.'
Example #31:

    (19) * Er hilft, wer     ihn mag.
    he helps whonom him likes
    Intended: `He helps those who like him.'
Example #32:

    (27) a. Kenne ich das Buch?
    know I the book
    `Do I know the book?'
Example #33:

    b. Das Buch kenne ich.
    the book know I
    `I know the book.'
Example #34:

    gemalt hat]],
    drawn has
    `the man who Maria has drawn a picture of '
Example #35:

    [ein Bild  _PP ] gemalt hat],
    a picture       drawn has
    `the man a picture of whose sister Maria has drawn'
Example #36:

    (33) die Frau, die in der             sitzen muß
    the woman who in the/which sit          must
    `the woman who has to sit in it'
Example #37:

    (34) Wer schläft, sündigt nicht.
    who sleeps sins      not
    `Those who sleep do not sin.'
Example #38:

    Donnerstag.
    Thursday
    for me.'
Example #39:

    letzten Platz belegt, bekommt /* bekommen einen Preis.
    last    place takes gets         get         a      prize
    `Everybody who wins and everybody who is last gets a prize.'
Example #40:

    Lage.49
    position
    couldn't find a tree or you were incapable of peeing in an arc.'
Example #41:

    (50) a. ?? Ich habe, [daß Peter das interessiert,] geglaubt.
    I have that Peter that interests            believed
    `I believed that Peter was interested in that.'
Example #42:

    gestohlen hat.
    stolen    has
    'Hans has returned the money that he has stolen'
Example #43:

    zurückbrachte.
    back.brought
    'I was very pleased about the things that he brought back.`
Example #44:

    (54) a. Wer einen Dieb anzeigt, bekommt eine Belohnung.
    who a      thief reports gets         a  reward
    `Those who report a thief get a reward.'
Example #45:

    Belohnung.
    reward
    `Everybody who reports a thief gets a reward.'
Example #46:

    (55) a. Das, was er gestohlen hat, war wertvoll.
    that what he stolen        has was valuable
    `The thing/things that he stole was/were valuable.'
Example #47:

    b. Was er gestohlen hat, war wertvoll.
    what he stolen      has was valuable
    `What he stole was valuable.'
Example #48:

    (56) a. Ich möchte         wissen, wo     er es gestohlen hat.
    I would.like.to know where he it stolen           has
    `I would like to know where he stole it.'
Example #49:

    b. Ich möchte         wissen, wie er heißt.
    I would.like.to know how he is.called
    `I would like to know what his name is.'
Example #50:

    c. Ich möchte         wissen, wer das gestohlen hat.
    I would.like.to know who that stolen         has
    `I would like to know who stole it.'
Example #51:

    d. Ich möchte         wissen, wem er es gestohlen hat.
    I would.like.to know who he it stolen          has
    `I would.like to know from whom he stole it.'
Example #52:

    will.
    wants.to
    `I would like to know who he wants to impress with this.'
Example #53:

    (57) a. Wen er kennt, den begrüßt er.
    who he knows the greets he
    `He greets those who he knows.'
Example #54:

    (58) a. Ob      er kommt, das weiß niemand.
    whether he comes that knows nobody
    `Nobody knows, if he's coming.'
Example #55:

    b. Wen er dort sieht, das weiß niemand.
    who he there sees that knows nobody
    `Nobody knows who he sees there.'
Example #56:

    (59) a. Er soll uns zeigen, wen er kennt.
    He is.to us show who he knows
    `He is to show us the person who he knows.'
Example #57:

    (60) a. Karl besorgt, was Emma haben will.
    Karl gets     what Emma have wants.to
    `Karl gets what Emma wants to have.'
Example #58:

    b. Karl fragt, was Emma haben will.
    Karl asks what Emma have want.to
    `Karl asks what Emma wants to have.'
Example #59:

    will.
    wants.to
    sleep.'
Example #60:

    b. Ulla weiß das, was Egon vermutet.
    Ulla knows the what Egon suspects
    `Ulla knows the fact that Egon suspects.'
Example #61:

    c. Ulla weiß, was es ist, das Egon vermutet.
    Ulla knows what it is the Egon suspects
    `Ulla knows what it is that Egon suspects.'
Example #62:

    war zerstört.
    was destroyed
    destroyed.'
Example #63:

    (64) Ich habe gegessen, [was noch übrig war].
    I have eaten           what still left was
    `I ate what was left over.'
Example #64:

    sofort        in den Schrank gestellt hat.
    immediately in the cupboard put       has
    immediately'
Example #65:

    (68) a. * Dem Mann kenne ich.
    theda t man know I
    `I know the man.'
Example #66:

    [einen       nach dem anderen]i geschlagen hat.
    onea cc,ma s after thema s other    beaten         has
    `because Kasparow beat his opponents one after the other.'
Example #67:

    stehen haben wir      einen        nach dem anderen gesehen.
    stand have we         onea cc,ma s after thema s other  seen
    after the other.'
Example #68:

    (74) Ich habe gegessen, [was noch übrig war].
    I have eaten           what still left was
    `I ate what was left over.'
Example #69:

    (75) Ihr könnt beginnen, [mit wem ihr (beginnen) wollt].
    you can start          with whom you start  want
    `You can start with whoever you like.'
Example #70:

    (80) , weil     ich gegessen habe, was noch übrig war.
    because I eaten        have what still left was
    `because I ate what was left over.'
Example #71:

    (88) Die         da    stehen, kennen wir nicht.
    thosenomacc there stand know we not
    `We don't know the ones that are standing over there.'
Example #72:

    (93) Kennt und achtet Karl Maria?
    knows and respects Karl Maria
    `Does Karl know and respect Maria?'
Example #73:

    (i) Wes      das Herz voll ist, des      geht der Mund über.
    whogen the heart full is thegen goes the mouth over
    `For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.'
Example #74:

    (ii) a. Wen er kennt, den begrüßt er.
    who he knows the greets he
    `He greets those who he knows.'
Example #75:

    (i) Karl fragt das, was Emma schon immer fragen wollte.
    Karl asks that what Emma already always ask          wanted.to
    `Karl asks the question that Emma has always wanted to ask.'
Example #76:

    (i) Karl hat das Buch, das             ich kenne, gekauft.
    Karl has the book thatnomacc I know bought
    `Karl bought the book that I know.'
Example #77:

    (i) Wer hat seinen Lippenstift liegen lassen? (Bausewein, 1990, p. 149)
    who has his        lipstick  lie   let
    `Who left their lipstick?'
Example #78:

    (ii) a. Der     da    kommt, ist schwanger.
    thema s there comes is pregnant
    `The man who is coming there is pregnant.'
Example #79:

    b. Die    da    kommt, ist schwanger.
    thefem there comes is pregnant
    `The woman who is coming there is pregnant.'
Example #80:

    c. Wer da     kommt, ist schwanger.
    who there comes is pregnant
    `The one who is coming there is pregnant.'
Example #81:

    (i) a. Ichi möchte         _i _j wissen, [wer das gestohlen hat]j .
    I    would.like.to        know       who that stolen has
    `I would like to know who stole it.'