ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Anastasia Giannakidou (2003). A puzzle about until and the Present Perfect.

URL: http://vivaldi.sfs.nphil.uni-tuebingen.de/~monika/publikationen/downloads/Buecher/PerfektVolume/giannakidou.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2710&langcode=ell (2020-08-07).

 

Example #1:

    (1)   * I Ariadne exi zisi sto Parisi mexri tora.
    the Ariadne has lived i n Paris until now
    `?Ariadne has lived in Paris until now.'
Example #2:

    (2)   * I Ariadne exi xasi t a          klidia tis mexri tora.
    the Ariadne has lost the keys hers until now
    `* Ariadne has lost her keys until now.'
Example #3:

    (4)   a. I     Ariadne dhen exi zisi sto Parisi mexri tora.
    the Ariadne n o t has lived i n Paris until now
    `?Ariadne has not lived in Paris until now.'
Example #4:

    b. I     Ariadne dhen exi xasi t a klidia           tis  mexri tora.
    the Ariadne n o t has lost the keys              hers until now
    `Ariadne has not lost her keys yet.'
Example #5:

    (5)   a. I     Ariadne exi zisi sto Parisi tris fores mexri tora.
    the Ariadne has lived i n Paris three times until now
    `Ariadne had lived in Paris three times until now.'
Example #6:

    mexri tora.
    until now
    `Ariadne has lost her keys three times until now.'
Example #7:

    mesanixta.
    midnight
    `The princess was writing a letter until midnight.'
Example #8:

    (10) I     prigipisa kimotane         mexri     ta          mesanixta.
    the princess      slept.imperf. until      the         midnight
    `The princess was sleeping until midnight.'
Example #9:

    (11) * I prigipisa     eftase         mexri t a        mesanixta.
    the princess      arrived.perf. until the         midnight
    `* The princess arrived until midnight.'
Example #10:

    pandeftike.
    married
    `* The princess wrote a novel until she married.'
Example #11:

    (22) * I prigipisa kimotane           para monon ta                 mesanixta.
    the princess      slept.imperf. b u t only  the                midnight
    `The princess was sleeping until midnight.'
Example #12:

    (25) * I prigipisa dhen eftase            mexri t a          mesanixta.
    the princess n o t arrived.perf. until the              midnight
    `The princess did not arrive until midnight.'
Example #13:

    (32) a . graf-o. (INP)
    write.imperf-1sg.nonpast
    `I am writing (right now).'
Example #14:

    b. grap-s--o. (PNP)
    write-perf.1sg.nonpast
    `I write (generally).' [no English equivalent]
Example #15:

    (33) a . e-graf-a. (IP)
    past-write.imperf.1sg.past
    `I was writing.'
Example #16:

    b. e-grap-s-a. (PP)
    past-write-perf.1sg.past
    `I wrote.'
Example #17:

    (35) a . I     Ariadni filise      t o n Pavlo.
    the Ariadne kissed.perf. the Paul
    `Ariadne kissed Paul.'
Example #18:

    (36) a . I     Ariadni agapise       t o n Pavlo.
    the Ariadne love.perf. the Paul
    `Ariadne fell in love with Paul'
Example #19:

    (37) a . I     Ariadni kimithike j a mia ora.
    the Ariadne slept.perf. f o r a n hour
    `Ariadne slept for an hour.'
Example #20:

    (38) a . I     Ariadni kimithike stis enia.
    the Ariadne slept.perf. at nine
    `Ariadne fell asleep at 9.'
Example #21:

    (41) a . Ekino t o   ximona, I       Ariadne kimotan stis 9 .
    that the winter, the Ariadne slept             at 9
    `That winter, Ariadne used to go to bed at 9.'
Example #22:

    (47) a . I Ariadne exi xasi t a          klidia tis.
    Ariadne    has lost the keys hers
    `Ariadne has lost her keys.'
Example #23:

    b. I Ariadne exase       ta     klidia tis.
    Ariadne    has-lost the keys hers
    `Ariadne has lost her keys.'
Example #24:

    apo      ligo.
    before   little
    ago.'
Example #25:

    apo       ligo.
    before    little
    `Ariadne lost her keys, but she found them a little while ago.'
Example #26:

    (73) * I Ariadne exi zisi sto Parisi                  mexri      tora.
    the Ariadne has lived i n          Paris         until      now
    `?Ariadne has lived in Paris until now.'
Example #27:

    (74) * I Ariadne exi xasi t a          klidia tis mexri tora.
    the Ariadne has lost the keys hers until now
    `*Ariadne has lost her keys until now.'
Example #28:

    (92) a . I Ariadne dhen exi kimithi mexri {tora/ta mesanixta}.
    Ariadne    has n o t slept         until now
    `?Ariadne has not slept until midnight.'