The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Mathieu, Eric (2004). The Mapping of Form and Interpretation: The Case of Optional WH-Movement.

URL: http://people.umass.edu/roeper/711-05/Mtheiu%20wh-opt02.pdf

(Last accessed ).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2761&langcode=fra (2018-01-20).


Example #1:

    b. Combien de livresi as-tu lus ti?
    how-many of books have you read-       MAS.PL
    `How many books have you read?'
Example #2:

    (11) Tu as lu combien de livres?                                                      (French)
    you have read how-many of books
    `How many books have you read?'
Example #3:

    (13) a. Q Marie a acheté quoi?                                                      (French)
    Marie has bought what
    `What has Marie bought?'
Example #4:

    b. A Et tu vas lui acheter quoi?
    and you will for-him buy what
    `And what will you buy him?'                   (Cheng and Rooryck, 2000:5)
Example #5:

    (16) a. Salut! Comment tu vas?                                                  (French)
    hi how you go
    `Hi! How are you?'
Example #6:

    b. Alors, tu vas comment?
    so, you go how
    `So, how are you?'
Example #7:

    c. Jean a acheté un livre?
    Jean has bought a book
    `Did Jean buy a book?'
Example #8:

    (18) Marie a acheté quoi?
    Marie has bought what
    `What did Marie buy?'
Example #9:

    b. *Elle a fait que diable?
    she has done what hell
    `What the hell has she done?'
Example #10:

    b. *Qui ça as-tu vu?
    who that have-you seen
    `Who have you seen?'                            (Cheng and Rooryck, 2000:16)
Example #11:

    (23) a. Q      Tu fais quoi dans la vie?                                          (French)
    you do what in the life
    `What do you do for a living?'
Example #12:

    b. A      Rien. Je suis au chômage.
    nothing. I am at unemployment
    `Nothing. I am unemployed.'
Example #13:

    (24) a. Q      Tu veux manger quoi ce soir?                                       (French)
    you want to eat what this evening
    `What do you want to eat tonight?'
Example #14:

    (31) a. Tu fous quoi?                                                        (French)
    you "do" what
    `What (the hell) are you doing?'
Example #15:

    (32) a. Je vais rien foutre, cet après-midi.                                 (French)
    I will nothing "do", this afternoon
    `I won't do a thing this afternoon.'
Example #16:

    b. Quel voiture est-ce que tu te demandes comment réparer?
    which car is-this that you yourself ask how to-repair
    `Which car do you wonder how to repair?'
Example #17:

    (39) a. Qui a acheté quoi?                                                           (French)
    who has bought what
    `Who bought what?'
Example #18:

    (40) a. Quel homme a acheté quel livre?                                              (French)
    which man has bought which book
    `Which man has bought which book?'
Example #19:

    b. Quel livre est-ce que quel homme a acheté?
    which man is-this that which man has bought
    `Which book has which man bought?'
Example #20:

    b. Combien de livresi ont-ils tous lus ti?
    how-many of books have they all read-MAS.PL
    `How many books have they all read?'
Example #21:

    Ili était bon?
    it was good
    `What did you have as dessert? Was it good?'
Example #22:

    b. *Il a dit que qui avait éternué?
    he has said that who had sneezed
    `Who did he say sneezed?'
Example #23:

    b. Il a dit que qui était entré dans le cinéma?
    he has said that who had entered in the cinema
    `Who did he say entered the cinema?'
Example #24:

    b. De combien as-tu besoin de livres?
    of how-many have-you need of books
    `How books do you need?'
Example #25:

    b. Combien as-tu donné de livres à Jean?
    how-many have-you of books to Jean
    `How many books have you given to Jean?'
Example #26:

    b. *A combien as-tu donné un livre de personnes?
    to how-many have-you given a book of persons
    `To how many people have you given a book?'
Example #27:

    b. ?Dans combien as-tu voyagé de pays?
    in how-many have-you travelled of countries
    `In how many countries have you travelled?'
Example #28:

    b. ?Avec combien êtes-vous arrivés de voitures?
    with how-many are-you arrived of cars
    `With how many cars have you arrived?' (context: a group of people arrive
Example #29:

    (85) a. Tu vas où?                                                                 (French)
    you go where
    `Where are you going?'
Example #30:

    b. ??Tu a vu un piano où?
    you have seen a piano where
    `Where have you seen a piano?'
Example #31:

    c. Tu viens quand?
    you come when
    `When are you coming?'
Example #32:

    (87)      Tu es arrivé comment?                                                 (French)
    you have arrived how
    `How have you arrived?'
Example #33:

    (88) a. *Tu es parti pourquoi?                                                  (French)
    you are left why
    `Why have you left?'
Example #34:

    b. Tu es parti pour quoi?
    you are left for what
    `What for have you left?'
Example #35:

    (93)      Pendant son voyage, Jean a pris beaucoup de photosi.                  (French)
    during his trip Jean has taken many of pictures
    `During his trip, Jean took many pictures.'
Example #36:

    (96)      A la fête, Jean a revu deux de ses anciens amis.                           (French)
    at the party, Jean has reseen two of his old friends
    At the party, Jean saw two of his old friends again.
Example #37:

    a. Qui est-ce que Jean a vu à la fête?
    who is-this Jean has seen at the party
    `Who did Jean see at the party?'
Example #38:

    b. Combien y a-t-il de langues différentes sur Terre?
    how-many there is of languages different on Earth
    `How many different languages are there on Earth?'
Example #39:

    c. Combien y a-t-il de Chines?
    how-many there is of Chinas
    `How many Chinas are there?'
Example #40:

    d. Combien y a-t-il de débris en orbite autour de la Terre?
    how-many there are debris in orbit around of the Earth
    `How many are debris in orbit around the Earth are there?'
Example #41:

    e. Combien y a-t-il de fumeurs au Canada?
    how-many there are smokers in Canada
    `How many smokers are there in Canada?'
Example #42:

    g. Combien y aura-t-il de coupures de billets en euros ?
    how-many will there be of bank notes in euros
    `How many bank notes in euros will there be?'
Example #43:

    (101) Combieni as-tu lu ti DE LIVRES?                                          (French)
    how-many have-you read of books
    `How many books have you read?'
Example #44:

    (102) Opi Tu as vu ti QUI?                                                     (French)
    you have seen who
    `Who have you seen?'
Example #45:

    b. Tu veux boire quoi?
    you want to drink what
    `What do you want to drink?'