The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ameka, Felix K. (2005). Multiverb constructions in a West African areal typological perspective.

URL: http://edvarda.hf.ntnu.no/ling/tross/ameka_TROSS03_paper.pdf

(Last accessed ).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2785&langcode=aka (2019-01-22).


Example #1:

    (12)     YE-sOre-e        ntE!m kO-O         fie
    TWI      1PL-rise-PAST quickly go-PAST home
    `We arose [got up FKA] quickly (and) went home'
Example #2:

    (13)     Wo-te hO! re-su
    TWI      3PL-sit there PROG-cry
    `They sit there weep = weeping'
Example #3:

    (17) a O-guaré baa               mpoa nó
    TWI    3SG-swim come-PAST shore DEF
    `He swam to the shore' (interlinear glosses added FKA)
Example #4:

    b Me-guaré me-ba-e
    1SG-swim 1SG-come-PAST
    `I swam hither'
Example #5:

    (18)  a Esi ma-a                Kofi dzi-i edziban no
    FANTE   Esi make-COMPL Kofi eat-COMPL food         DEF
    `Esi made Kofi eat the food'.
Example #6:

    b Esi ma-a               o-dzi-i                  edziban no
    Esi make-COMPL 3SG SUBJ-eat-COMPL food                  DEF
    `Esi made him eat the food'. (Osam 1994: 198 ­200)
Example #7:

    (24) a Kofi nye             Ama ba-a              fie
    AKAN Kofi accompany Ama come-COMPL home
    `Ama accompanied Kofi home`/ 'Kofi came home with Ama'.
Example #8:

    b Kofi nye              banyin no      twitwa-a  ndua no
    Kofi accompany man            DEF cut-COMPL trees DEF
    `Kofi cut the trees together with the man'
Example #9:

    (33) a        O-ba-(e)            bE-fa-e
    AKAN          3SG-come-PAST VENT-take-PAST
    He came to take it
Example #10:

    b.     O-kO-(e)          kO-fa-e
    3SG-go-PAST ITIVE-take-PAST
    He went to take it (Adapted from Boadi 2000)