The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Tom G├╝ldemann (2002). The history of quotative predicatives.

URL: http://email.eva.mpg.de/~gueldema/pdf/Bantu_ti.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2807&langcode=lug (2019-01-22).


Example #1:

    (12)   ki-ri ki-ti
    7-be 7-like.this
    It is like this. It is as follows ...                     (Ashton et al. 1954: 5
Example #2:

    a.   ki-buuka       (bwe) ki-ti               ...
    7-jump:PRS MA             7-like.this
    It jumps like this ... (suiting the action to the word [by means of gesture]).
Example #3:

    b.    ki-buuka       (bwe) ki-tyo            ...
    7-jump:PRS MA            7-like.that
    It jumps like that (as I have already told you).
Example #4:

    c.    eki-kere ki-buuka              ki-tya
    7-frog   7-jump:PRS            7-like.what
    How does a frog jump?                                     (Ashton et al. 1954: 3
Example #5:

    (14)   o-tyo
    That's so! You've said it!                                (Ashton et al. 1954: 9
Example #6:

    (15)   a-gamba nti              o-ludde nnyo
    1-say:PRS Q/COMP 2-be.late very
    He says you are very late.                                (Ashton et al. 1954: 9