The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Maria Polinsky and Eric Potsdam (2002). Backward Control.

URL: http://ling.ucsd.edu/~polinsky/pubs/AFLA%208.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2823&langcode=plt (2019-03-18).

Example #1:

b. *m-an-omboka Rabe m-i-tondra ny fiara PRES -ACT-begin Rabe PRES -ACT-drive the car `Rabe is beginning to drive the car.'Example #2:

c. n-i-vidi-an-an-dRabe ny fiara Rasoa CIRC PAST-ACT-buy-CIRC-OBL.Rabe the car Rasoa `Rabe bought a car for Rasoa.'Example #3:

(9) anomboh-ana [mitondra ny fiara Rabe] begin- CIRC drive the car Rabe `Rabe begins to drive a car.'Example #4:

(10) a. nanomboka misotra toaka Rabe ary mitady akangavavy izy began drink booze Rabe andS seek prostitute he `Rabe began to drink booze and chase women.'6Example #5:

(12) mitondra ny fiara (ve) Rabe (*ve)? drive the car Q Rabe Q `Is Rabe driving the car?'Example #6:

(13) %manomboka mitondra ny fiara Rabe ve begin drive the car Rabe Q `Has the teacher begun to drive?'Example #7:

(14) a. niteny ity tonon-kira ity (indroa) Rabe (*indroa) knock this door this twice Rabe twice `Rabe knocked twice on this door.'Example #8:

b. nanandrana niteny ny tonon-kira (indroa ) Rabe (*indroa) tried knock the door twice Rabe twice `Rabe twice tried hard to knock on the door.'Example #9:

(15) a. nanomboka niteny ity tonon-kira ity Rabe indroa began knock this door this Rabe twice `Rabe twice began to knock on this door.'Example #10:

(16) m-an-omboka [m-itondra/h-itondra ny fiara Rabe] PRES-ACTIVE-begin PRES-drive/ FUT-drive the car Rabe `Rabe has begun to drive the car.'Example #11:

(18) *manomboka ny mpianatra mitondra ny fiara begin the student drive the car (`The student is beginning/has begun to drive the car.')Example #12:

(19) mino an-dRabei [ho n-itaraina ti ] aho believe ACC -Rabe COMP PAST-ACT.complain I `I believe Rabe to have complained.'Example #13:

(20) *mino an-dRabei [ho nanomboka [nitaraina ti ]] Rasoa believe ACC -Rabe COMP began complain Rasoa (`Rasoa believes Rabe to have begun to complain.')Example #14:

(24) manomboha mitondra ny fiara (ianao) begin.IMPER drive the car you `Begin to drive the car!'Example #15:

(25) m-i-jery ny mpianatra daholo ny mpampiana tra watch the student all the teacher #`The teacher(s) watched all the students.'Example #16:

(26) *tsara daholo tonga ny mpianatra good all arrived the student (`It's good all students arrived.')Example #17:

(27) a. nanomboka omaly [mihomehy daholo ny ankizy] began yesterday laugh all the children `Yesterday the children began to all laugh.'Example #18:

(29) a. *manomboka mitondra ny fiara Rabe i ny mpampianatrak begin drive the car Rabe the teacher (`The teacher has begun to have Rabe drive the car.')Example #19:

b. *manomboka mitondra ny fiara Rabe i prok begin drive the car Rabe (`Someone has begun to have Rabe drive the car.')Example #20:

(31) manomboka [mitondra ny fiara Rabe i ] PROi begin drive the car Rabe `Rabe is b eginning to drive the car.'