ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ida Toivonen (1998). Lexical Splits in Finnish Possession.

URL: http://www.ling.canterbury.ac.nz/personal/toivonen/pdf/Px.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2843&langcode=fin (2018-06-19).

 

Example #1:

    1 a Pekka nakee minun ystava-ni.
    P.      sees my          friend-1sgPx
    `Pekka sees my friend.'
Example #2:

    b Pekka nakee sinun ystava-si.
    P.      sees your-sg friend-2sgPx
    `Pekka sees your friend.'
Example #3:

    c Pekka nakee hanen ystava-nsa.
    P.      sees his her friend-3Px
    `Pekka sees his her friend.'
Example #4:

    d Pekka nakee meidan ystava-mme.
    P.      sees our           friend-1plPx
    `Pekka sees our friend.'
Example #5:

    e Pekka nakee teidan ystava-nne.
    P.      sees your-pl friend-2plPx
    `Pekka sees your friend.'
Example #6:

    f  Pekka nakee heidan ystava-nsa.
    P.      sees their friend-3Px
    `Pekka sees their friend.'
Example #7:

    2 a Pekka nakee ystava-ni.
    P.      sees friend-1sgPx
    `Pekka sees my friend.'
Example #8:

    b Pekka         nakee ystava-si.
    P.           sees friend-2sgPx
    `Pekka      sees your friend.'
Example #9:

    c Pekka         nakee ystava-nsa.
    P.           sees friend-3Px
    `Pekka      sees his friend.'
Example #10:

    d Pekka         nakee ystava-mme.
    P.           sees friend-1plPx
    `Pekka      sees our friend.'
Example #11:

    e Pekka         nakee ystava-nne.
    P.           sees friend-2plPx
    `Pekka      sees your friend.'
Example #12:

    3      a Pekka         nakee Jukan ystavan.
    P.            sees J-GEN friend-ACC
    `Pekka       sees Jukka's friend.'
Example #13:

    4      a Pekka         nakee     pojan       ystavan.
    P.            sees      boy-GEN friend-ACC
    `Pekka       sees the    boy's friend.'
Example #14:

    5      a Kenen             auto on      ruma?
    who-GEN           car is       ugly
    `Whose car        is ugly?'
Example #15:

    6     a Mina annan koira-l le sen                 ruokaa.
    I-NOM give dog-ALL it-GEN food
    `I give the dog its food.'
Example #16:

    7      Pekka nakee ystava-nsa.
    P.i     sees friend-3Pxi
    `Pekka sees his friend.'
Example #17:

    8      Poika nakee ystava-nsa.
    boyi sees friend-3Pxi
    `The boy sees his friend.'
Example #18:

    9      Kuka nakee ystava-nsa.
    whoi sees friend-3Pxi
    `Who sees his her friend?'
Example #19:

    10 Se heiluttaa hantaa-nsa.
    iti wiggles tail-3Pxi
    `It wiggles its tail.'
Example #20:

    11 a Pekka nakee hanen ystava-nsa.
    P.      sees his her friend-3px
    `Pekkai sees his heri=j friend.'
Example #21:

    b Pekka nakee ystava-nsa.
    P.      sees friend-3Px
    `Pekkai sees hisi=j friend.'
Example #22:

    c Pojat nakevat heidan ystava-nsa.
    boys see          their friend-3Px
    `The boysi see theiri=j friend.'
Example #23:

    d Pojat nakevat ystava-nsa.
    boys see          friend-3Px
    `The boysi see theiri=j friend.'
Example #24:

    12 a Auto-ni                 on ruma.
    car-1sgPx               is ugly
    `My car is             ugly.'
Example #25:

    13 a Pekka                naytta   a Jukal le      auto-nsa.
    P.                   shows       J-allative car-3px
    `Pekka               shows    Jukkaj hisi=j=k car.'
Example #26:

    b Pekka                naytta   a Jukal le             hanen auto-nsa.
    P.                   shows       Jukka allative his her car-3Px
    `Pekka               shows    J.j his heri=j=k car.'
Example #27:

    14 Han auttaa minua pesemaan        auto-nsa.
    he helps me-part wash-infinitive car-3Px
    `Hei helps me wash hisi car.'
Example #28:

    i Pekkajavaimo-nsa tulivat yhdessa juhliin.
    P. and wife-3Px came together party-illative
    `Pekka and his wife came to the party together.'
Example #29:

    ii Mina panin laukun paikoille-en.
    I put bag-ACC place-allative-3Px
    `I put the bag in its place.'
Example #30:

    16 Kal le auttaa Leenaa pesemaan                    auto-nsa.
    K.      helps L.part wash-infinitive car-acc
    `Kallei helps Leenaj wash heri=j=k car.'
Example #31:

    b Pekka nakee ystava-nsa.
    P.      sees friend-3Px
    `Pekkai sees hisi=j friend.'
Example #32:

    18 a Pekka               nakee sinun ystava-si.
    P.                  sees your-sg friend-2sgPx
    `Pekka             sees your friend.'
Example #33:

    b Pekka               nakee hanen ystava-nsa.
    P.                  sees his her friend-3Px
    `Pekka             sees his her friend.'
Example #34:

    19 a Pekka pesee autoa-nsa
    P.      washes car-3Px
    `Pekkai is washing hisi =  j car.'
Example #35:

    b Pekka pesee hanen                  autoa-nsa.
    P.i     washes his heri=j car-3Px
    `Pekkais washing his her car.'
Example #36:

    21 Mina pesen Pekan autoa *autoa-nsa.
    I        wash P.-GEN car car-3px
    `I am washing Pekka's car'
Example #37:

    22 Mina naen minun kissa-ni.
    I        see my            cat-1sgPx
    `I see my cat.'
Example #38:

    23 a. Pekka nakee minun kissa-ni.
    P.      sees my            cat-1sgPx
    `Pekka sees my cat.'
Example #39:

    b Minun kissa-ni on ulkona.
    my         cat-1sgPx is outside
    `My cat is outside'
Example #40:

    24 a Pekka nakee pro                kissa-ni.
    P.      sees pro               cat-1sgPx
    `Pekka sees my cat.'
Example #41:

    b pro kissa-ni on                ulkona.
    pro cat-1sgPx is               outside
    `My cat is outside'
Example #42:

    25 Pekka nakee minun auto-ni.
    P.      sees my      car-1sgPx
    `Pekka sees my car.'
Example #43:

    26 Pekka nayttaa Jukal le hanen auto-nsa.
    P.      shows J.-ALL his her car-3Px
    `Pekkai shows Jukkaj his heri=j=k car.'
Example #44:

    Tama minun talo-ni on kaunis.
    this my house-1sgPx is beautiful
    `This house of mine is beautiful.'
Example #45:

    27 a Pekka           nakee minun ystava-ni.
    P.              sees my         friend-1sgPx
    `Pekka         sees my friend.'
Example #46:

    b Pekka           nakee sinun ystava-si.
    P.              sees your-sg friend-2sgPx
    `Pekka         sees your friend.'
Example #47:

    c Pekka           nakee hanen ystava-nsa.
    P.              sees his her friend-3Px
    `Pekka         sees his her friend.'
Example #48:

    39 Minun auto-ni on ruma.
    my        car-1sgPx is ugly
    `My car is ugly.'
Example #49:

    42 Minun auto-ni on ruma.
    my        car-1sgPx is ugly
    `My car is ugly.'
Example #50:

    47 a Pekka              pesee autoa-nsa
    P.                 washes car-3Px
    `Pekka             is washing hisi=j car.'
Example #51:

    b Pekka              pesee hanen autoa-nsa.
    P.                 washes his her car-3Px
    `Pekka             is washing his heri=j car.'
Example #52:

    51 a Pekka              nakee Jukan ystavan.
    P.                 sees J-GEN friend-ACC
    `Pekka            sees Jukka's friend.'
Example #53:

    52 a Pekka              nakee     pojan       ystavan.
    P.                 sees      boy-GEN friend-ACC
    `Pekka            sees the    boy's friend.'
Example #54:

    53 a Kenen      auto on ruma?
    who-GEN car is ugly
    `Whose car is ugly?'
Example #55:

    54 a Mina annan koiral le                       sen    ruokaa.
    I-NOM give dog-ALL                         it-GEN food
    `I give the dog its food.'
Example #56:

    55 a Pekka                naytta   a Jukal le     auto-nsa.
    P.                   shows      J-allative car-3px
    `Pekka               shows    Jukkaj hisi=j=k car.'
Example #57:

    b Pekka                naytta   a Jukal le          hanen auto-nsa.
    P.                   shows      Jukka-allative his her car-3Px
    `Pekka               shows    Jukkaj his heri=j=k car.'
Example #58:

    57 Opettaja teki sen minun nahden.
    teacher did it I-GEN see-infII-ins
    `The teacher did it in frontof myeyes.'
Example #59:

    58 Mina yritan tanssia.
    I       try     dance-infI-a
    `I try to dance.'
Example #60:

    59 Han tuli kotiin itkien.
    he came home cry-infII-ins
    `He came home crying.'
Example #61:

    60 Mina opin lukemal la           taman kirjan.
    I       learn read-infIII-ade this book
    `I learn through reading this book.'
Example #62:

    61 Mina seison kadul la katselemassa          autoja.
    I      stand street-on watch-infIII-ine cars.
    `I am standing in the street watching the cars.'
Example #63:

    62 Nyt mina lakkaan pelaamasta.
    now I       stop      play-infIII-ela
    `Now I stop playing.'
Example #64:

    63 Mina olen valmis tanssimaan.
    I      am ready dance-infIII-ill
    `I am ready to dance.'
Example #65:

    64 Mina naen hanet nousemassa                 linja-autoon.
    I       see he-ACC rise step.up-infIII-ine bus-ILL
    `I see him getting into the bus.'
Example #66:

    65 Pekka pelasti minut hukkumasta.
    P.      rescued I-ACC drown-infIII-ela
    `Pekka rescued me from drowning.'
Example #67:

    66 Mina autan hanta           pesemaan  auton.
    I       help he-PART wash-infIII-ill car
    `I help him wash the car.'
Example #68:

    68 Aurinko oli jo          korkeal la sinun noustessa-si.
    sun      was already high          your get-up-infII-ine-2sgPx
    `The sun already stood high in the sky when you got up.'
Example #69:

    69 Pekka naki hirven kulkiessa-an      metsassa.
    P.     saw moose walk-infII-ine-3px forest-in
    `Pekkasaw a moose when he Pekka was walking in the forest.'
Example #70:

    70 Pekka naki hirven hanen kulkiessa-an        metsassa.
    P.     saw moose he-GEN walk-infII-ine-3px forest-in
    `Pekkasaw a moose when he not Pekka was walking in the forest.'
Example #71:

    71 Mina muutin Ruotsiin saadakse-ni                paremman tyon.
    I      moved Sweden-to get-infI-tra-1sgPx better         job
    `I moved to Sweden in order to get a better job.'
Example #72:

    72 Mina naen Pekan tulevan.
    I       see P.-GEN come-prt
    `I see that Pekka is coming.'
Example #73:

    73 Mina naen heidan          tulevan.
    I       see they-GEN come-prt
    `I see that they are coming.'
Example #74:

    74 He sanoivat palaava-nsa          piakkoin.
    they said       return-prt-3Px soon
    `Theyi said that theyi would return soon.'
Example #75:

    75 Mina naen sinun          tulevan.
    I       see you-GEN come-prt
    `I see that you are coming.'
Example #76:

    76 Sina sanoit palaava-si          piakkoin.
    You said return-prt-2sgPx soon
    `You said that you would return soon.'
Example #77:

    77 Mina ostan kirjan.
    I      buy book-ACC
    `I buy a book.'
Example #78:

    78 Ostettiin               kirja.
    bought-PASSIVE book-NOM
    `One people bought a book.'
Example #79:

    79 Minun taytyy lukea       tama   kirja.
    I-GEN must read-infI-a this-NOM book-NOM
    `I must read this book.'
Example #80:

    81 Mina luen taman     kirjan.
    I-NOM read this-ACC book-ACC
    `I read this book.'
Example #81:

    *Pekka.
    *P.-NOM
    `One people came home when Leena was waking Pekka up.'
Example #82:

    auton     *uusi                    auto.
    car-ACC *new-NOM                   car-NOM
    `Pekkamust save money              in order to buy a new car.'
Example #83:

    *tama.
    *this-NOM.
    `One people believe that you knew this.'
Example #84:

    101 a mun kissa-ni
    my cat-1sgPx
    `my cat'
Example #85:

    b sun kissa-si
    your cat-2sgPx
    `your cat'
Example #86:

    c sen             kissa
    his her its cat
    `his her its cat'
Example #87:

    d Jukan kissa
    J.-GEN cat
    `Jukka's cat'
Example #88:

    e meian kissa
    our cat
    `our cat'
Example #89:

    f  teian       kissa
    yourpl cat
    `your cat'
Example #90:

    g niitten                 kissa
    theiranimate inanimate cat
    `their cat'
Example #91:

    102 Jukka se kavelytti koiraa-nsa
    J. she walked dog-3px
    `Jukka shei walked his heri dog.'
Example #92:

    103 Ma kavelytin koiraa-ni ?mun koiraa-ni.
    I walked dog-1sgPx ?my dog-1sgPx
    `I walked my dog.'
Example #93:

    104 Me kavelyttiin meian koiraa.
    we walked     our dog
    `Wewalked our dog.'
Example #94:

    108 no taal lako sina viela asut emantine-nsa?
    well here-Q you-sg still live wife-3Px
    `so, do you still live here with your wife?'