ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Alicia Cipria and Craige Roberts (1996). Spanish imperfecto and pretérito.

URL: http://semanticsarchive.net/Archive/zY5MjUyZ/cipria.roberts.imperfecto-and-preterito.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2854&langcode=spa (2020-08-10).

 

Example #1:

    (1)      a. Llegó             el tren.
    arrive-3sg.PRET the train
    `The train arrived.'
Example #2:

    b. Teresa cantó            en el teatro.
    Teresa sing-3sg.PRET in the theater
    `Teresa sang in the theater.'
Example #3:

    (2)   a. Ibamos       a la playa.
    go-1plu.IMPF to the beach
    `We went/ were going/used to go to the beach .'
Example #4:

    (2)   b. Ibamos       a la playa cuando nos encontramos            con Miguel.
    go-1plu.IMPF to the beach when RECPR. meet-1plu.PRET with Miguel
    `We were going to the beach when we ran into Miguel.' (progressive)
Example #5:

    (2)   c. Ibamos       a la playa los domingos.
    go-1plu.IMPF to the beach on Sundays
    `We went/used to go to the beach on Sundays.'                 (habitual)
Example #6:

    pero hoy Pepa dijo          que no hay        dinero           para eso.
    but today Pepa say-3sg.PRET that not there is money            for that
    that there is no money for that.'                        (intention-in-the past)
Example #7:

    (4)   a. Laura iba       a Radcliffe hasta que Parsons la aceptó.
    Laura go.IMPF to Radcliffe until         Parsons her accept.PRET
    `Laura was going to Radcliffe until Parsons accepted her.'
Example #8:

    b. Laura estaba yendo a Radcliffe hasta que Parsons la aceptó.
    Laura be.IMPF going to Radcliffe until        Parsons her accept.PRET
    `Laura was going to Radcliffe until Parsons accepted her.'
Example #9:

    c. Laura iba      a ir a Radcliffe hasta que Parsons la aceptó.
    Laura go.IMPF to go to Radcliffe until        Parsons her accept.PRET
    `Laura was going to go Radcliffe until Parsons accepted her.'
Example #10:

    (6)      a. Jaimito corrió     de 4 a 5.
    Jaimito run.PRET from 4 to 5
    `Jaimito ran from 4 until 5.'
Example #11:

    b. Jaimito corrió     de 4 a 4:30.
    Jaimito run.PRET from 4 to 4:30
    `Jaimito ran from 4 until 4:30.'
Example #12:

    (7)   Jaimito escribió    un poema.
    Jaimito write.PRET a poem
    `Jaimito wrote a poem.' (telic)
Example #13:

    (10) Corría         petróleo por las cañerías.
    flow-3sg.IMPF oil       through the pipes
    `Oil flowed/was flowing through the pipes.'         (atelic)
Example #14:

    (11) Corrían          3000 litros de petróleo por las cañerías.
    flow-3pl.IMPF 3000 liters of oil          through the pipes
    `3000 liters of oil flowed through the pipes.' (atelic)
Example #15:

    (12) Corrió          petróleo por las cañerías.
    flow-3sg.PRET oil        through the pipes
    `Oil flowed through the pipes.'                     (atelic)
Example #16:

    (13) Corrieron         3000 litros de petróleo por las cañerías.
    flow-3plu.PRET 3000 liters of oil         through the pipes
    `3000 liters of oil flowed through the pipes.' (telic)
Example #17:

    cañerías) hasta que se solucionó el problema.
    pipes     until        solve-pret the problem
    the problem was solved.'
Example #18:

    (15) a. Frida ensayaba        el libreto por una hora.
    Frida rehearse.IMPF the libretto for an hour
    `Frida used to rehearse/was rehearsing the libretto for an hour.'
Example #19:

    b. Frida ensayaba           el libreto       en una hora.
    Frida rehearse.IMPF the libretto          in an hour
    libretto in an hour.'
Example #20:

    c. Frida ensayó          el libreto por una hora.
    Frida rehearse.PRET the libretto for an hour
    `Frida rehearsed the libretto for an hour.' (atelic: iterative)
Example #21:

    d. Frida ensayó          el libreto en una hora.
    Frida rehearse.PRET the libretto in an hour
    `Frida rehearsed the libretto in an hour.' (telic)
Example #22:

    (17) Juana corrió       a la tienda.
    Juana run.PRET to the store
    `Juana ran to the store.'                 (telic)
Example #23:

    (18) Juana corría     a la tienda.
    Juana run.IMPF to the store
    `Juana ran/was running to the store.'     (atelic: habitual or progressive)
Example #24:

    (15) a. Frida ensayaba        el libreto por una hora.
    Frida rehearse.IMPF the libretto for an hour
    `Frida used to rehearse/was rehearsing the libretto for an hour.'
Example #25:

    (28) María tomó          cerveza.
    María drink.PRET beer
    `María drank beer.'
Example #26:

    (29) María tomó         una cerveza.
    María drink.PRET a beer
    `María drank a beer.'
Example #27:

    (36) Juan dijo         que venía          mañana.
    Juan said.PRET that come.3sg.IMPF tomorrow
    `Juan said that he was coming tomorrow.'
Example #28:

    (38) El mecanismo de autodestrucción se detonaba en 30 minutos.
    The mechanism of self-destruction detonate.IMPF in 30 minutes
    `The self-destructing mechanism would be activated in 30 minutes.'
Example #29:

    El sol    se   ponía            a las 6:50.
    The sun 3-REFL set.IMPF at 6:50
    6:50.'
Example #30:

    (2)    b. Ibamos       a la playa cuando nos encontramos            con Miguel.
    go-1plu.IMPF to the beach when RECPR. meet-1plu.PRET with Miguel
    `We were going to the beach when we ran into Miguel.' (progressive)
Example #31:

    pero hoy Pepa dijo          que no hay        dinero                                    para eso.
    but today Pepa say-3sg.PRET that not there is money                                     for that
    that there is no money for that.'  (intention-in-the past)
Example #32:

    así que decidió            no empezar hasta el otro lunes.
    so     decide.pret         not begin until the other Monday
    start until the following Monday.'
Example #33:

    (45) Esteban pateaba la puerta.
    Esteban kick.IMPF the door
    `Esteban was kicking/used to kick the door.'              (iterative or habitual
Example #34:

    (46) Esteban pateó       la puerta por 10 minutos.
    Esteban kick.PRET the door for 10 minutes
    `Esteban kicked the door for ten minutes.'                (iterative)
Example #35:

    (47) Esteban pateaba la puerta por 10 minutos.
    Esteban kick.IMPF the door for 10 minutes
    `Esteban used to kick the door for 10 minutes.'           (habitual + iterative)
Example #36:

    (48) Esteban pateó       la puerta.
    Esteban kick.PRET the door
    `Esteban kicked the door.'                                        (default inter
Example #37:

    (15) a. Frida ensayaba        el libreto por una hora.
    Frida rehearse.IMPF the libretto for an hour
    `Frida used to rehearse/was rehearsing the libretto for an hour.'
Example #38:

    b. Frida ensayaba           el libreto      en una hora.
    Frida rehearse.IMPF the libretto         in an hour
    libretto in an hour.'
Example #39:

    (52)    María tomaba      cerveza (cuando la vi hace unos minutos).
    María drink.IMPF beer      when her saw ago some minutes
    'Maria was drinking beer (when I saw her a few minutes ago)'
Example #40:

    (28)    María tomó cerveza.
    María drink.PRET    beer
    `María drank beer.'
Example #41:

    (12) Corrió          petróleo por las cañerías.
    flow-3sg.PRET oil        through the pipes
    `Oil flowed through the pipes.'                  (atelic)
Example #42:

    (13) Corrieron         3000 litros de petróleo por las cañerías.
    flow-3plu.PRET 3000 liters of oil         through the pipes
    `3000 liters of oil flowed through the pipes.' (telic)
Example #43:

    (28) María tomó          cerveza.
    María drink.PRET beer
    `María drank beer.'                              (atelic)
Example #44:

    (29) María tomó         una cerveza.
    María drink.PRET a beer
    `María drank a beer.'                            (telic)
Example #45:

    (15) c. Frida ensayó          el libreto por una hora.
    Frida rehearse.PRET the libretto for an hour
    `Frida rehearsed the libretto for an hour.' (atelic: iterative)
Example #46:

    d. Frida ensayó          el libreto en una hora.
    Frida rehearse.PRET the libretto in an hour
    `Frida rehearsed the libretto in an hour.' (telic)
Example #47:

    (17) Juana corrió       a la tienda.
    Juana run.PRET to the store
    `Juana ran to the store.'                 (telic)
Example #48:

    (18) Juana corría     a la tienda.
    Juana run.IMPF to the store
    `Juana ran/was running to the store.'     (atelic: habitual or progressive)
Example #49:

    d.    Fue     una tragedia.
    be.PRET a tragedy
    fortress. It was a tragedy.'
Example #50:

    (54)   a. Claudia cruzaba la calle cuando la        atropelló       un camión.
    Claudia cross-IMPF the street when her-acc run over-PRET a truck.
    `Claudia was crossing the street when she was hit by a truck'
Example #51:

    b. Claudia cruzó       la calle cuando la        atropelló   un camión.
    Claudia cross-PRET. the street when her-ACC run over- PRET a truck.
    `Claudia crossed the street after she was hit by a truck'
Example #52:

    c. Cruzó      la calle cuando el semáforo se           puso     en rojo.
    Cross-PRET the street when the light         REFLEX turn-PRET red
    `She crossed the street after the light turned red'