ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Miyagawa, Shigeru (2006). LOCALITY IN SYNTAX AND FLOATED NUMERAL QUANTIFIERS.

URL: http://ocw.mit.edu/NR/rdonlyres/Linguistics-and-Philosophy/24-946Fall-2004/B5C10A67-8FD0-42AA-A741-61FC43BDFD74/0/ho_lecture_7_nq.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2857&langcode=jpn (2018-04-27).

 

Example #1:

    (3) a. Kurumai-ga doroboo-ni            ti ni-dai nusum-are-ta.      (passive)
    cari-Nom       thief-by       ti 2-CL steal-Pass.-Past
    `Two cars were stolen by a thief.'
Example #2:

    b. Doa-gai         kono kagi-de      ti futa-tu aita.       (unaccusative)
    doori-Nom      this key-with ti 2-CL opened
    `Two doors opened with this key.'
Example #3:

    c. *Kodomo-ga         geragerato     san-nin waratta. (unergative)
    children-Nom loudly             3-CL laughed
    `Three children laughed loudly.'
Example #4:

    b. *Gakusei-ga     sake-o       san-nin     nonda.
    student-NOM sake-ACC 3-CLSUB drank
    `Three students drank sake.'                      (Haig 1980, Kuroda 1980)
Example #5:

    (7)    *Gakusei-ga       sake-o     san-nin nonda.
    student-NOM sake-ACC 3--CLSUB drank
    `Three students drank sake.'
Example #6:

    (9)    Hon-oi           gakusei-ga ti go-satu               katta.
    book-ACCi        student-NOM ti 5-CLobj              bought
    `Students bought five books.'
Example #7:

    (24)a. Taro-ga        nani-o      kai-mo-si-nakat-ta.
    Taro-NOM what-ACC buy-MO-do-NEG-past
    `Taro did not buy anything.'
Example #8:

    b. * Dare-ga         warai-mo-si-nakat-ta.
    who-NOM        laugh-MO-do- NEG-PAST
    `No one laughed.'
Example #9:

    c. * Dare-ga         Hanako-o      home-mo-si-nakat-ta.
    who-NOM        Hanako-ACC praise-MO-do-not-past
    `No one praised Hanako.'                            (Kishimoto 2001: 600)
Example #10:

    (25) a.     Kodomo-ga san-nin          dono-eiga-o          mi-mo-si-nakat-ta.
    kids-NOM        3-CL       which-movie-ACC see-MO-do-NOT-PAST.
    `Three kids did not see any movie.'
Example #11:

    b. *Kodomo-ga dono-eiga-o              imamadeni san-nin mi-mo-si-nakat-ta.
    kids-NOM which-movie-ACC so far               3-CL see-MO-do-NOT-PAST
    `Three children did not see any movie so far.'
Example #12:

    (26) a. Gakuseii-ga san-nin-dake zibunzisini-o        hihansita.
    student-NOM 3-CL-only           self-ACC      criticized
    `Only three students criticized himself.'
Example #13:

    b.*Gakuseii-ga zibunzisini-o san-nin-dake hihansita
    student-NOM self-ACC            3-CL-only criticized
    `Only three students criticized himself.'
Example #14:

    (27) Dareka-ga          daremo-o           sikatta.
    someone-NOM everyone-ACC scolded
    `Someone scolded everyone.'
Example #15:

    (28) Dareka-ga          daremo-o           tugitugito           sikatta.
    someone-NOM everyone-ACC one.after.another                scolded
    `Someone scolded everyone one after another.'
Example #16:

    (33) a. Kurumai-ga doroboo-ni         ti ni-dai       nusum-are-ta.      (passive)
    cari-Nom     thief-by         ti 2-CL         steal-Pass.-Past
    `Two cars were stolen by a thief.'
Example #17:

    b. Doa-gai      kono kagi-de      ti futa-tu aita.                     (unaccusative)
    doori-Nom    this key-with ti 2-CL opened
    `Two doors opened with this key.'