ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

MISHA BECKER (1999). THE USE OF MODAL VERBS AND MODALITY IN CHILD GERMAN.

URL: http://www.humnet.ucla.edu/humnet/linguistics/people/grads/becker/papers/acqmodls.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2879&langcode=deu (2019-07-15).

 

Example #1:

    (i)    Ich werde essen
    I     will eat-inf
    "I will eat."
Example #2:

    (4) Er muß dem        Mann ein Buch geben.
    He must the-DAT man a-ACC book give-inf
    "He must give the man a book."
Example #3:

    (5) Du mußt (doch) deine Aufgabe lesen.
    you must (emph) your assignment read
    "You must/have to read your assignment." (deontic)
Example #4:

    (6) Das Buch muß/müßte (doch) irgendwo hier sein.
    the book must/subjunctive (emph) somewhere here be
    "The book must be somewhere around here." (epistemic)
Example #5:

    (7) Du sollst (doch) deine Erbsen aufessen.
    you should (emph) your peas up-eat
    "You should eat your peas up." (deontic)
Example #6:

    (8) Das Buch soll/sollte (doch) irgendwo hier sein.
    the book should/subj (emph) somewhere here be
    "The book should be somewhere around here." (epistemic)5
Example #7:

    (9) Er kann Fahrrad fahren.
    he can bicycle ride
    "He can ride a bicycle." (deontic: both ability and permission interpretations)
Example #8:

    (11) Er mag (*darf) Franzose sein.
    he may   French be
    "He may be French."
Example #9:

    (12)    a. Philip:        Mama da sitzen sollen!
    mother there sit-inf should-inf
    "Mother should sit there!"
Example #10:

    b. Johanna:       a-ve viele müssen!
    (stutter) many must-inf
    "(We) must (have/get) many!"
Example #11:

    c. Johanna:       Brauchen müssen! Brauchen müssen, viele!
    need-inf must-inf need-inf must-inf many
    ("We need to get many!")
Example #12:

    (15)    Sophie: Da soll einer hintergehen.
    there should one behind-go-inf
    "One should go behind there."
Example #13:

    (16)    Andreas: Thorsten, gleich muß ich fahrn Thorsten.
    Thorsten, soon must I drive Thorsten (=brother)
    "Thorsten, soon I have to leave."