ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Norbert Hornstein, Ana Maria Martins and Jairo Nunes (2006). Infinitival Complements of Perception and Causative Verbs.

URL: http://www.ling.umd.edu/publications/volume14/HMN%20UMWPiL%2014.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2911&langcode=por (2019-05-19).

 

Example #1:

    a. O João viu/ouviu/deixou-os             entrar    na        sala.
    the João saw/heard/let    CL.3 PL.ACC enter-INF in-the    room
    `João saw/heard/let them enter the room'
Example #2:

    b. *Eles foram vistos/ouvidos/deixados entrar       na        sala.
    they were seen/heard/let             enter-INF in-the    room
    `They were seen/heard/allowed to enter the room'
Example #3:

    a. O João viu/ouviu/deixou-os              entrarem        na         sala.
    the João saw/heard/let    CL.3PL.ACC enter-INF-3 PL in-the        room
    `João saw/heard/let them enter the room'
Example #4:

    b. *Eles foram vistos/ouvidos/deixados entrarem          na       sala.
    they were seen/heard/let             enter-INF-3 PL in-the   room
    `They were seen/heard/allowed to enter the room'
Example #5:

    *O João viu/ouviu/deixou-te           entrares      na     sala.
    the João saw/heard/let    CL.2SG .ACC enter-INF-2SG in-the room
    `João saw/heard/let them enter the room'
Example #6:

    b.   Eu vi o João a adorar         camarões.
    I saw the João to adore-INF shrimps
    `I saw/witnessed that João loves shrimps'
Example #7:

    c.   O João foi visto a adorar        camarões.
    the João was seen to adore-INF shrimps
    `It was seen/witnessed that John loves shrimps'
Example #8:

    (15)    a.   O João viu tu               saíres      /nós    sairmos.
    the João saw you-SG-NOM leave-INF-2SG/we.NOM leave-INF-1PL
    `João saw you/us leave'
Example #9:

    c.   O João viu-te             /nos      a saíres         /sairmos.
    the João saw-CL.2SG.ACC/CL.1PL.ACC to leave-INF-2SG/leave-INF-1PL
    `João saw you/us leaving'
Example #10:

    O João viu/ouviu/deixou-os             entrar(%em) na sala.
    the João saw/heard/let    CL.3PL.ACC enter-INF(-3PL) in-theroom
    `João saw/heard/let them enter the room'
Example #11:

    (18)     a.   o rapaz receia [chumbar o exame]
    the boy fears fail-INF the exam
    `The boy fears failing the exam'
Example #12:

    b.   o receio *(de) [chumbar o exame]
    the fear     of     fail-INF the exam
    `the fear of failing the exam'
Example #13:

    c.   o rapaz está receoso *(de) [chumbar o exame]
    the boy is fearful of          fail-INF the exam
    `the boy is fearful of failing the exam'
Example #14:

    (19)   As meninas foram vistas.
    the girls    were seen-FEM-PL
    `The girls were seen'
Example #15:

    b.    *As meninas foram vistas       sair.
    the girls   were seen-FEM-PL leave-INF
    `The girls were seen to leave'
Example #16:

    b.    *As meninas sair        foi visto     /foram vistas.
    the girls   leave-INF was seen-DFLT / were seen-FEM-PL
    `The girls were seen to leave'
Example #17:

    b.        As meninas foram vistas       saindo.
    the girls    were seen-FEM-PL leave-GER
    `The girls were seen leaving'
Example #18:

    b.        Nós entrámos      na sala depois de cumprimentarmos o director.
    we entered in-    the room after of greet-INF-1Plthe director
    `We enter ed the room af ter gr eeting the director'
Example #19:

    b.        Nós entrámos na sala depois                      de sermos         convidados.
    we entered in-the room after                     of be-INF-1    PL invite-PPLE- MAS C-PL
    `We entered the room after being                 invited'
Example #20:

    b.   A Maria viu      os     meninos   saírem.
    the Maria saw    the    boys      leave-INF-3PL
    `Maria saw the   boys   leave'
Example #21:

    b.   A Maria viu eu                 sair.
    the Maria saw PRON.1SG.NOM leave-INF-1SG
    `Maria saw me leave'
Example #22:

    b.   A Maria viu ele                   sair.
    the Maria saw PRON.3.MASC.SG.NOM leave-INF-3SG
    `Maria saw him leave'
Example #23:

    c.   *A Maria viu-te            saíres.
    the Maria saw-CL.2SG.ACC leave-INF-2SG
    `Maria saw you leave'
Example #24:

    c.   *A Maria viu-nos            sairmos.
    the Maria saw-CL.1 PL.ACC leave-INF-1PL
    `Maria saw us leave'
Example #25:

    c.   %A Maria viu-os                   saírem.
    the Maria saw-CL.3 MASC.PL.ACC leave-INF-3PL
    `Maria saw them leave'
Example #26:

    (61)     a.    *A Maria não viu-me/te/o/nos/os                            sair.
    the Maria not saw-CL.ACC:1SG/2SG/3MASC.SG/1.PL/.3MAS C.PL leave-INF
    `Mary didn't see me/you/him/us/them leave'
Example #27:

    b.    A Maria não me/te/o/nos/os                             viu sair.
    the Maria not CL.ACC:1SG/2SG/3MAS C.SG/1.PL/.3MAS C.PL saw leave-INF
    `Mary didn't see me/you/him/us/them leave'
Example #28:

    (68)   a.  A Maria vê-os                                    sair.
    the Maria sees.PRES.IND.- CL.3MASC.PL.ACC        leave
    `Maria sees them leave'
Example #29:

    b. A Maria vê-los-á                                         sair.
    the Maria see-FUT-CL.3MAS C.PL.ACC-[T(presen     t)+Agr] leave
    `Maria will see them leave'
Example #30:

    (69)   a.   *A Maria vê-los-á                                    saírem.
    the Maria see-FUT-CL.3MAS C.PL.ACC-[T(present)+Agr] leave-3PL
    `Maria will see them leave'
Example #31:

    b.   *A Maria vê-los-ia                                saírem
    the Maria see-FUT-CL.3MAS C.PL.ACC-[T(past)+Agr] leave-3PL
    `Maria would see them leave'
Example #32:

    (70)    a.    Nós vimo(s)-los             sair
    we saw-1PL- CL.3MASC.PL.ACC leave
    `We saw them leave'
Example #33:

    b.    Vejam-nos                                    sair
    see-PRESENT.SUBJUNCTIVE-3PL- CL.3MASC.PL.ACC leave
    `(You go) see them leave'
Example #34:

    (71)    a.    *Nós vimo(s)-los              saírem
    we saw-1PL- CL.3MASC.PL.ACC leave-3PL
    `We saw them leave'
Example #35:

    b.    *Vejam-nos                                   saírem
    see-PRESENT.SUBJUNCTIVE-3PL- CL.3MASC.PL.ACC leave-3PL
    `(You go) see them leave'