ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Ad Neeleman and Kriszta Szendrői (2004). RADICAL PRO DROP AND THE MORPHOLOGY OF PRONOUNS*.

URL: http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~ctjhuang/Course_LSA222/readings/Neeleman.Szendroi.2005.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2973&langcode=jpn (2018-01-22).

 

Example #1:

    (2)    a.      siken-ni otita.                                                       Japanese
    exam-DAT failed
    `pro failed the exam.'
Example #2:

    b.     Bill-ga  setokusuru
    Bill-NOM persuade
    `Bill persuaded pro.'
Example #3:

    c.     [ mimi-ga] nagai
    ear-NOM long
    `pro's ears are long.'
Example #4:

    (7)      a.       John-wa [(kanozyo-no) syasin]-o totta.                                                Japanese
    John-TOP she-GEN picture-ACC took
    `John took a picture of (her).'
Example #5:

    b.       [(Kare-no) imooto]-ga Bill-ni atta.
    he-GEN younger.sister-NOM Bill-DAT met
    `(His) younger sister met Bill.'
Example #6:

    c.       John-ga [(kanozyo-no) zigyoo-tyuuni] inemuri-o sita.
    John-NOM she-GEN lecture-during dozing.off-ACC did
    `John dozed off during (her) lecture.'
Example #7:

    (8)      a.       *[John-no(-wa)]1 kinoo Mary-ga [t1 imooto]-o             mita.                        Japanese
    John-GEN-TOP yesterday Mary-NOM sister-ACC               saw
    `Mary saw John's sister yesterday.'
Example #8:

    b.       *[John-no(-wa)]1 kinoo [t1 imooto]-ga Mary-o             mita.
    John-GEN-TOP yesterday sister-NOM Mary-ACC               saw
    `John's sister saw Mary yesterday.'
Example #9:

    c.      *[John-no(-wa)]1 kinoo Mary-ga gakkoo-e [t1 imooto]-to itta.
    John-GEN-TOP yesterday Mary-NOM school-to sister-with went
    `Mary went to school with John's sister yesterday.'
Example #10:

    (9)    a.      [John-wa]1 kinoo Mary-ga [pro1 imooto]-o mita.                           Japanese
    John-TOP yesterday Mary-NOM sister-ACC saw
    `As for John, Mary saw his sister yesterday.'
Example #11:

    b.      [John-wa]1 kinoo [pro1 imooto]-ga Mary-o mita.
    John-GEN-TOP yesterday sister-NOM Mary-ACC saw
    `As for John, his sister saw Mary yesterday.'
Example #12:

    c.      [John-wa]1 kinoo Mary-ga gakkoo-e [pro1 imooto]-to itta.
    John-GEN-TOP yesterday Mary-NOM school-to sister-with went
    `As for John, Mary went to school with his sister yesterday.'
Example #13:

    (20)   Kare-ga kare-o setokusuru.                                                       Japanese
    he-NOM he-ACC persuade
    `He persuades him.'
Example #14:

    (30)     Taroo-ga *(zibun-o) semeta.                                                                  Japanese
    Taro-NOM self-ACC blamed
    `Taro blamed himself.'
Example #15:

    (32)     a.       Mary-wa zibun-no kuruma-o aratta.                                                   Japanese
    Mary-TOP self-GEN car-ACC washed
    `Mary washed her car.'
Example #16:

    b.       John mo  aratta.
    John also washed
    (ii)   `John washed John's car too.' (sloppy)
Example #17:

    (44)   kare-ra-ga                                                                      Japanese
    he-PL-NOM
    `they'
Example #18:

    b.           w -de
    I-POSS
    `my/mine'