ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Joan Rafael Ramos (1998). Presentational Sentences in Catalan Dialects*.

URL: http://www.bib.uab.es/pub/linguistics/1132256Xv6p41.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 2982&langcode=cat (2018-07-20).

 

Example #1:

    (2)     a.       La teva germana és al               restaurant.
    the your sister         is at-the restaurant
    `Your sister is at the restaurant.'
Example #2:

    (5)     En aquella festa, només hi         havia    la Marta.
    at that       party only Loc HAVER-Past-3sg the Marta
    `At that party there was no one but Marta.'
Example #3:

    (7) a.         En     aquella assemblea, hi       érem       ella, tu i                         jo.
    at     that     meeting       Loc were-1pl she you and                           I
    `At that meeting it was she, you and I who were present.'
Example #4:

    b.      *En aquella assemblea, hi havia                     ella, tu                     i   jo.
    at    that    meeting      Loc HAVER-Past-3sg she you                            and I
    `At that meeting it was she, you and I who where present.'
Example #5:

    d.      *En aquella assemblea, hi havia                     tots.
    at that       meeting      Loc HAVER-Past-3sg all
    `At that meeting they were all present.'
Example #6:

    (8) a.        En aquella assemblea, hi havia                      el Miquel.
    at that        meeting     Loc HAVER-Past-3sg the Miquel
    `At that meeting Miquel was present.'
Example #7:

    b.     En aquella assemblea, hi era el Miquel.
    at that       meeting     Loc was the Miquel
    `At that meeting Miquel was present.'
Example #8:

    c.     En aquella assemblea, hi havia                      una dona.
    at that        meeting     Loc HAVER-Past-3sg a          woman
    `At that meeting there was a woman.'
Example #9:

    d.     *En aquella assemblea, hi era una dona.
    at    that     meeting    Loc was a          woman
    `At that meeting there was a woman.'
Example #10:

    e.     En aquella assemblea, hi va            haver        molta tranquil.litat.
    at that     meeting     Loc Past-3sg HAVER-Inf much peace
    `At that meeting there was a great deal of peace.'
Example #11:

    f.     *En aquella assemblea, hi       va         ser     molta tranquil.litat.
    at that       meeting     Loc Past-3sg be-Inf much peace
    `At that meeting there was a great deal of peace.'
Example #12:

    (9)          [a friend on the telephone:] ¿que hi és la Carme?
    that Loc is the Carme
    `Is Carme there?'
Example #13:

    Apa,     nois, ja        estem                tots: comencem.
    INTERJ guys already ESTAR-Pres-1pl all start-1pl
    `Come on, guys, we're all here. Let's start.'
Example #14:

    Res       més.
    nothing else
    `Let's see. There's Black Top          39, 40...and 41. Nothing else.'
Example #15:

    (12) A la reunió, només hi estaven                un home i una dona.
    at the meeting only Loc ESTAR-Past-3pl a man and a         woman
    `At the meeting there was only a man and a woman.'
Example #16:

    (i) A San Carlos està                         la    zona       marítima, la     part vella.
    in San Carlos ESTAR-pres-3sg the section coastal                        the part old
    `In San Carlos there is a coastal section, the old part (of the city).'
Example #17:

    (14) a. Falta algú?     No, ja           hi      són     tots.
    miss anyone no        already Loc are-3pl all
    `Is anyone missing? No, they are all already here.'
Example #18:

    b. *Falta algú?     No, ja        hi     ha               tots.
    miss anyone no already Loc HAVER-Pres-3sg all
    `Is anyone missing? No, they are all already here.'
Example #19:

    I     allí  hi havia                la Carme.
    and there Loc HAVER-Past-3sg the Carme
    ge. And there was Carme.'
Example #20:

    I    allí hi     era la Carme.
    and there Loc was the Carme
    ge. And there was Carme.'
Example #21:

    I     allí   hi    havia             un guàrdia patrullant.
    and there Loc HAVER-Past-3sg an officer patrolling
    there was an officer patrolling.'
Example #22:

    I     allí hi      era un guàrdia patrullant.
    and there Loc was an officer patrolling
    there was an officer patrolling.'
Example #23:

    hi     era Robert Redford.
    Loc was Robert Redford
    `I participated in a program in which Robert Redford was present.'
Example #24:

    és la nina
    is the doll
    to play where the doll is.'
Example #25:

    un periodista de TV.
    a reporter        of TV
    `I went to a house where there was a TV reporter.'
Example #26:

    del      costat. I      allí    hi era la Carme.
    of-the side       and there Loc was the Carme
    ge. And there was Carme.'
Example #27:

    del     costat. I    allí hi     era la tranquil.litat necessària.
    of-the side and there Loc was the peace                       necessary
    And there was the peace we needed.'
Example #28:

    costat. I       allí   hi      era    un guàrdia.
    side    and there Loc was             an officer
    there was an officer.'
Example #29:

    b.        Sem     salvos. En aquí hi és una cabina telefònica.
    are-1pl saved in here Loc is a             booth telephone
    `We're saved. Here there is a telephone booth.'
Example #30:

    costat. I      allí    hi    havia               un guàrdia.
    side      and there Loc HAVER-Past-3sg an officer
    there was an officer.'
Example #31:

    costat. I    allí hi havia                una habitació de dos llits.
    side     and there Loc HAVER-Past-3sg a room              of two beds
    there there was a room with two beds.'
Example #32:

    (23) a.         *Vaig     anar a una casa on              era un periodista de TV.
    Past-1sg go-Inf to a       house where was a reporter       of TV
    `I went to a house where there was a TV reporter.'
Example #33:

    b.    *Vaig      anar    a una casa on           era molta tranquil·litat.
    Past-1sg go-Inf to a       house where was much peace
    `I went to a house where there was a great deal of peace.'
Example #34:

    (24) a.     No hi ha                                hòmens.
    no Loc HAVER-Pres-3sg                   men
    `There are no men.'
Example #35:

    b.    No hi ha                                res     a fer!
    no Loc HAVER-Pres-3sg                   nothing to do
    `There's nothing to do.'
Example #36:

    (i) a. En aquell bar,           ha(n)       hagut               molts incidents.
    in     that     bar      has(have) HAVER-Participle many incidents
    `In that bar there have been many incidents.'
Example #37:

    c. Havent              tres    candidats, no tindrem          problemes.
    HAVER-Gerund three candidates no shall-have-1pl troubles
    `There being three candidates, we shall have no troubles.'
Example #38:

    (26) a.  En aquella reunió només estàvem                     ell i       jo.
    at that       meeting only       ESTAR-Past-1pl he and I
    `At that meeting only he and I were present.'
Example #39:

    b. Vam       anar al        ball, però no estaven               tots, eh!
    Past-1pl go-Inf to-the dance but no ESTAR-Past-3pl all INTERJ
    `We went to the dance, but they weren't all there - hey!'
Example #40:

    Miquel.
    Miquel
    `At the party we saw that Jaume and Miquel were present.'
Example #41:

    d. Al       bar estan               el ferrer         i     la seua dona.
    at-the bar ESTAR-Pres-3pl the blacksmith and the his wif e
    `At the bar are the blacksmith and his wife.'
Example #42:

    e. Què busques?          Ací només estan               les meues sabatilles.
    what look-for-2sg here only ESTAR-Pres-3pl the my                slippers
    `What are you looking for? Here there's nothing but my slippers.'
Example #43:

    (27) a.   A la plaça hi havia                        un home molt ben vestit.
    in the square Loc HAVER-Past-3sg a man very well dressed
    `In the square there was a very well dressed man.'
Example #44:

    c.   Per sort,     ara ja          hi    ha               tranquil·litat.
    by fortune now already Loc HAVER-Pres-3sg peace
    `Fortunately there is peace now.'
Example #45:

    (28)       A la plaça estava                     un home molt ben vestit.
    in the square ESTAR-Past-3sg a man very well dressed
    `In the square there was a very well dressed man.'
Example #46:

    (29)      En aquell calaix hi           han                           dos rellotges.
    in that       drawer Loc HAVER-Pres-3pl                     two watches
    `In that drawer there are two watches.'