ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

C.-T. James Huang and Masao Ochi (2003). Syntax of the Hell.

URL: http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~ctjhuang/Course_LSA222/readings/Huang_Ochi.2004.hell.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3014&langcode=cmn (2018-10-23).

 

Example #1:

    b.      daodi shei na-zou-le         nei-ben shu?
    daodi who take-away-PERF that-CL book
    `Who the hell took away that book?'
Example #2:

    c.      daodi ni yao-bu-yao chengren zuocuo-le             zhe-jian shi?
    daodi you want-not-want admit      do-wrong-PERF this-CL thing
    `Do you fucking want to admit that you have done this thing wrong, or not?
Example #3:

    d.      wo jiushi bu xiaode daodi ta weishenme mei lai.
    I just not know daodi he why              not come
    `I simply don't know why the hell he did not show up.'
Example #4:

    (11)    *?wo zao yijing zhidao [ta daodi lai-bu-lai] le
    I early already know he daodi come-not-come PRT
    `I have known for a long time whether he will fucking come or not.'
Example #5:

    (12)    a.   *ta daodi xiang-zhidao ni hui mai shenme
    he daodi wonder       you will buy what
    (Intended) He wonders what the hell you will buy.
Example #6:

    b.    ni daodi xiwang ta hui mai shenme?
    you daodi hope he will buy what
    `What the hell do you hope that he will buy?'
Example #7:

    (13)    a.   ni daodi juede wo yinggai mai shenme?
    you daodi feel I should buy what
    `What the hell do you feel I should buy?'
Example #8:

    (14)    a.    ni daodi tongyi ta mai shenme gei ni?
    you daodi agree s/he buy what       for you
    `What the hell do you hope that s/he will buy for you?'
Example #9:

    (15)    a.    ni daodi xiang-zhidao shei mai-le shenme? (ambiguous)
    you daodi wonder           who bought what
    ii. What the hell is the y such that you wonder who bought y?
Example #10:

    b.    ni xiang-zhidao shei daodi mai-le shenme? (unambiguous)
    you wonder         who daodi bought what
    ii. *What the hell is the y such that you wonder who bought y?
Example #11:

    (16)    a.    ni daodi zui xihuan [wo piping shei de wenzhang]?
    you daodi most like      [I criticize who DE article]
    Who the hell is the x such that you like the article in which I criticize x?
Example #12:

    (17)    a.    *ni daodi tongyi [ta mai-bu-mai shu]?
    you daodi agree s/he buy-not-buy books
    (Intended) did you agree that he bought books, or did you agree he didn't?
Example #13:

    (18)    a.    ni daodi xiang-zhidao [shei weishenme mai shu]?
    you daodi wonder            who why          bought books
    ii. *What the hell is the reason x s.t. you wonder who bought books for x?
Example #14:

    b.    ni xiang-zhidao [shei daodi weishenme mai shu]?
    you wonder       who daodi why            bought books
    i. Who the hell is the person x s.t. you wonder why x bought books?
Example #15:

    (19)     a.         *ni daodi zui xihuan [wo weishenme mai de shu]?
    you daodi most like [I why            buy DE book
    *What the hell is the reason x such that you like the books I bought for x?
Example #16:

    b.         *ni zui xihuan [wo daodi weishenme mai de shu]?
    you most like     [ I daodi why           buy DE book
    *What the hell is the reason x such that you like the books I bought for x?
Example #17:

    b.       ta daodi yao kan na       yi ben shu?
    he daodi want see which one CL book
    `Which the hell book does he want to read?'
Example #18:

    b.       ni daodi mai-bu-mai shu (ne)?
    you daodi buy-not-buy book (Q)
    `Will you buy books or not?'
Example #19:

    (42)     a.     nimen zai tanlun shenme mingtang         ya? (*na    yige mingtangi)
    you at discuss what name-&-title PRT           which one name-&-title
    `What the hell are you guys discussing?'
Example #20:

    (43)     a.     ni daodi zai gao shenme gui?                     (Mandarin)
    You daodi at do what        ghost
    `What the hell are you up to?'