The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Primus, Beatrice (2002). Proto-Roles and Case Selection in Optimality Theory.

URL: http://www.phil-fak.uni-duesseldorf.de/sfb282/working_papers/SFB%20122.pdf

(Last accessed ).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3031&langcode=deu (2020-08-11).


Example #1:

    (2) a.     Ich        staune.
    1s:NOM be.astonished:PRS:1s
    `I am astonished.'
Example #2:

    b.   Ich        m ag       ihn.
    1s:NOM like:1s:PRS 3s:ACC
    `I like him.'
Example #3:

    c.   Ich        wünsche         ihm                    den Erfolg.
    1s:NOM wish:1s:PRS         3s:DAT                 the success:ACC
    `I wish him success.'
Example #4:

    (3) a.     Ich      friere.
    1s:NOM be.cold:PRS:1s
    `I am cold.'
Example #5:

    b.   Mich     friert.
    1s:ACC be.cold:PRS:3s
    `I am cold.'
Example #6:

    c.   Mich     dünkt,                            dass (...)
    1s:ACC seem/think:3s:PRS                   Comp
    `It seems to me, I think, that...'
Example #7:

    d.   Mir      dünkt,                            dass (...)
    1s:DAT seem/think:3s:PRS                   COMP
    `It seems to me, I think that...'
Example #8:

    ich        traue                dir
    1s:NOM trust:1s:PRS             2s:DAT
    `I trust you.'
Example #9:

    ich     gedenke                           seiner
    1s:NOM commemorate:1s:PRS                 3s:GEN
    `I commemorate him.'
Example #10:

    sie      denkt,       dass sie                 noch Zeit hat
    3s:NOM think:3s:PRS that 3s:NOM                still time have:3s:PRS
    `She thinks that she still has time.'
Example #11:

    ich        erhoffe        mir   einen schönen Urlaub
    1s:NOM hope:1s:PRS 1s:Refl.:DAT a nice vacation:ACC
    `I hope for a nice vacation.'
Example #12:

    ich       vergnüge          mich              im Kino
    1s:NOM amuse:1s:PRS         1s:REFL           in the cinema
    `I amuse myself in the cinema.'
Example #13:

    (13) a.      Ich      fange                mich
    1s:NOM catch:1s:PRS           REFL
    `I recover my poise.'
Example #14:

    b.    Ich       fange               den Hund
    1s:NOM catch:1s:PRS           the dog:ACC
    `I catch the dog.'
Example #15:

    c.    Ich      ärgere               mich (über den Hund)
    1s:NOM be.angry:1s:PRS        REFL over the dog:ACC
    `I am angry (at the dog).'
Example #16:

    d.    Ich      ärgere                       den Hund
    1s:NOM make.angry:1s:PRS              the dog:ACC
    `I make the dog angry.'
Example #17:

    er       begeistert           mich
    3s:NOM inspire:3s:PRS         1s:A   CC
    `He inspires me.'
Example #18:

    sie      gefällt              m ir
    3s:NOM appeal:3s:PRS          1s:DAT
    `She appeals to me.'
Example #19:

    m ir       ermangelt (es)    der Ruhe
    1s:DAT lack:3s:PRS (it):EXPL the calmness:GEN
    `I lack calmness.'
Example #20:

    m ir      graut                (es)       vor      morgen
    1s:DAT be.afraid:3sPRS         (it):EXPL PREP tomorrow
    `I am afraid of tomorrow.    '
Example #21:

    ihn      dünkt,             dass dies förderlich wäre
    3s:ACC seem:3s:PRS that this:NOM conducive be:3s:KONJ2
    `It seems to him that this would be conducive.'
Example #22:

    m ir      schwant,          dass das so                  nicht gehen wird
    1s:DAT suspect:PRS:3s       that this that way           not work:FUT:3s
    `I suspect that this won't work that way.'
Example #23:

    das          Wetter       trübt                    meine Stimmung
    DET:NOM weather:NOM spoil:3s:PRS                   1s:POSS mood:ACC
    `The weather spoils my mood.'
Example #24:

    (21) a.     Er        schenkt   mir              Gehör.
    3s:NOM give:3s:PRS 1s:DAT            ears:A   CC
    `He listens to me.'
Example #25:

    b.   Er        fällt    mir               ins Auge.
    3s:NOM fall:3s:PRS 1s:DAT            into.the eye
    `I see him.'
Example #26:

    c.   Er       macht     mir               Angst.
    3s:NOM make:3s:PRS 1s:DAT            fear:A   CC
    `He frightens me.'
Example #27:

    Ich       gönne                  dir                den Erfolg.
    1s:NOM not-begrudge:1s:PRS       2s:DAT             the success:ACC
    `I don't begrudge you your success.'
Example #28:

    b.   Ich       wünsche           dir            viel Glück.
    1s:NOM wish:1s:PRS          2s:DAT         much luck:A    CC
    `I wish you good luck.'
Example #29:

    (23) a.     Ich glühe       vor Verlangen
    1s glow:1s:Prs from desire
    `I feel passionate.'
Example #30:

    b.   Die Wut         packt      mich
    the anger:NOM seize:3s:Prs 1s:A   CC
    `I am furious.'
Example #31:

    c.   Verlangen        steigt     in mir         a uf
    desire           climbs     in me          up
    `I begin to feel desire.'
Example #32:

    (26)        Hans       wurde     von der Nachricht beeindruckt/beunruhigt/getröstet/genervt
    Hans:NOM AUX:PASS by the news          impress/worry/console/annoy:3s:PAST
    `Hans was impressed/worried/consoled/annoyed by the news.'
Example #33:

    (31) a.        Der Artikel          beeindruckt         mich     durch seinen guten Stil
    DET article:NOM impress:3s:PRS 1s:ACC             by means of its good style
    `The article impresses me by means of its good style.'
Example #34:

    (63)               Der Affe                schlägt     den Zoologen.
    the monkey:NOM           hit:3s:PRS the zoologist:ACC
    `The monkey hits the zoologist.'
Example #35:

    (69) a.     mich     hungert
    1s:ACC be.hungry:3s:PRS
    `I am hungry.'
Example #36:

    ich       drehe                gleich                  durch.
    1s:NOM spin:1s:PRS             in a moment             PFX
    `I am at panic stations.'
Example #37:

    die      Räder                 drehen                  durch
    DET      wheel:Pl:NOM          spin:3p:PRS             PFX
    `The wheels spin.'
Example #38:

    (76) a.     ich      bin schlecht      (in     Mathe).
    1s:NOM COP bad             in      mathematics
    `I am bad at mathematics.'
Example #39:

    b.   Mir        ist schlecht.
    1s:DAT COP bad
    `I feel sick.'
Example #40:

    (77)        Die Konferenz        ist  mir wichtig.
    the conference:NOM COP 1s:DAT        important
    `The conference is important to me.'
Example #41:

    (78) a.     Ich      bin wichtig        (für die Mannschaft.)
    1s: NOM COP important for the team
    `I am important (for the team).'
Example #42:

    (79) a.     Der Schuh             ist   (*mir)        groß.
    the shoe:NOM          Cop (1s:Dat)        large
    `The shoe is large (*for me).'
Example #43:

    (81) a.     Der Morgen         dämmerte                     langsam.
    the morning:NOM dawn:3s:Past                    slowly
    `Dawn was breaking slowly.'
Example #44:

    (82) a.     Es       dämmerte                langsam.
    Expl     dawn:3s:Past            slowly
    `It dawned slowly.'
Example #45:

    b.   * Der Morgen        dämmerte                    mir.
    the morning:NOM dawn:3s:Past                  1s:DAT
    `Dawn was breaking for me.'
Example #46:

    (83)        Ich      wasche           (ihr)         die Haare
    1s       wash             (3s:DAT)      the hair:A   CC
    `I wash her hair.'
Example #47:

    (90)      der geist der kaufmannschaft     sinnt        auf den erwerb der reichtümer
    the mind:NOM of:the merchants muse:3s:PRS on the accumulation:ACC of wealth
    `The mind of the merchants is directed to the accumulation of wealths.'
Example #48:

    b.    sêlig    sit    ir,  wan ûch            di lûte (...)      werden     hazzin
    blessed are you when 2p:ACC             the men:NOM        AUX        hate:3p:FUT
    `Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you.'
Example #49:

    (94)        die vögel        schrecken
    the birds:ACC rouse:INF
    `to rouse birds'                          (Kramer, dt-ital. dict. 2 , DWb (IX, c
Example #50:

    und        schrecke     mich          der Sorge          nicht entgegen
    and scare:IMP           1s:ACC        the sorrow:DAT not toward
    `Do not warn me of evil and do not scare me towards sorrow.'
Example #51:

    (96) a.     schüttert      er          des berges wipfel
    shake:3s:PRS 3s:NOM        the mountain:GEN top:ACC
    `He shakes the top of the mountain.'         (Goethe 2, 28, DWb (IX, col. 2116))
Example #52:

    b.   viel seufzer von sich       geben und schüttern           ihre       brust
    many sighs from REFL        give and shake:3p:PRS         3s:POSS    breast:ACC
    `Many sighs she utters and (sighs) shake her breast.'
Example #53:

    c.   den busen des verehrers schüttert          das gewaltge nahen
    the breast the beau:GEN shake:3s:PRS       the mighty approachment:NOM
    `The mighty approachment shakes the breast of the devotee.'
Example #54:

    (97)        Der Aufprall        erschütterte               die Erde
    The impact:NOM      shake:3s:PAST              the earth:A    CC
    'The impact rocked the earth.'
Example #55:

    (99)        Das     leuchtet            (mir)              ein.
    this    shine:3s:PRS        1s:DAT             in
    `This makes sense (to me).'