The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Anders Holmberg and Christer Platzack (2005). The Scandinavian Languages.

URL: http://home.uchicago.edu/~merchant/classes/comp.gmc.syntax.seminar/holmberg.platzack.2005.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3049&langcode=swe (2019-03-24).


Example #1:

    ( 1 ) a . H a n hittade faktiskt pengarna under sängen.                                        ( subj + tensed verb)
    he found actually money-the under bed-the
    He actually found the money under the bed.
Example #2:

    e. Sjuk var han inte.                                       ( predicative + tensed verb)
    sick was he not
    He was not sick.
Example #3:

    f. Ut kastade han bollen.                                ( particle + tensed verb)
    out threw he ball-the
    He threw the ball out.
Example #4:

    g. Hittade han faktiskt pengarna under sängen?              ( tensed   verb   initial   yes/no-
    found he actually money-the under bed-the
    Did he actually find the money under the bed?
Example #5:

    h. Han kunde faktiskt ha hittat pengarna under sängen.         (subj + tensed auxiliary)
    he might actually have found money-the under bed-the
    He actually might have found the money under the bed.
Example #6:

    (3)Han hade hittat pengarna under sängen igår.
    he had found money-the under bed-the yesterday
    He had found the money under the bed yesterday.
Example #7:

    (4)a. efter att ha öppnat brevet ....
    after to have opened letter-the
    after having opened the letter
Example #8:

    (i) Fisken blev uppäten.
    fish-the became upeaten
    The fish was eaten up.
Example #9:

    (22) a. (Han lovade) att inte läsa boken.                                  Swedish; the same in Da, Norw
    he promised to not read book-the
    He promised not to read the book.
Example #10:

    b. Kysst henne har jag inte (bara hållit henne i handen)                        Swedish
    kissed her have I not            only     held     her by hand-the
    Kissed her I haven't (only held her by the hand).
Example #11:

    ( i ) bilden av kungen
    picture.DEF of king.DEF
    `the picture of the king'
Example #12:

    (44) Ser du storsvartbilen jänna?
    see you big-black-car-DEF there
    'Do you see that big, black, car? '
Example #13:

    (ii)      Kor är kloka.
    cows are clever
    'Cows are clever'