ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Masako Ohara (2001). CONFIGURATIONALITY IN JAPANESE.

URL: http://www.lit.kobe-u.ac.jp/linguistics/KPL/3_2001/KPL_2001_ohara.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3074&langcode=jpn (2018-07-20).

 

Example #1:

    (10) a. Hanako- ga     atarasii fuku- o         katta.
    Hanako- Nom new           clothes- Acc bought
    `Hanako bought new clothes.'
Example #2:

    b. Hanako- ga     sita- no- wa,     [atarasii fuku- o   kau] koto- da.
    Hanako- Nom did- Nzer- Top          new clothes- Acc buy fact- Cop.Npast
    `What Hanako did was to buy clothes.'
Example #3:

    (11) a. [Sono hon- o          kaita]- no- wa        Taroo- da.
    that book- Acc wrote- Nzer- Top           Taro- Cop.Npast
    `It is Taro who wrote that book.'
Example #4:

    b. [Taroo- ga kaita]- no- wa            sono   hon- da.
    Taro- Nom wrote- Nzer- Top that           book- Cop.Npast
    `It is that book which Taro wrote.'
Example #5:

    (17) a. Taroo- ga hon- o      katta.
    Taro- Nom book- Acc bought
    `Taro bought a book.'
Example #6:

    (18) a. Hon- o       Taroo- ga katta.
    book- Acc Taro- Nom bought
    `Taro bought a book.'
Example #7:

    (20) a. Taroo- ga kuruma- ga kai- tai (koto)
    Taro- Nom car- Nom buy- want fact
    `(the fact that) Taro wants to buy a car.'
Example #8:

    b. Hanako- ga        Taroo- ga suki- da/(- na koto)
    Hanako- Nom Taro- Nom like- Cop/- Cop fact
    `(the fact that) Hanako likes Taro.'
Example #9:

    (22) a. Hanako- ni suugaku- ga yoku dekiru           (koto)
    Hanako- Dat math- Nom well can.do            fact
    `(the fact that) Hanako is good at math. '
Example #10:

    (23) a. Taroo- wa kono        kuruma- ga     kai- tai   rasii.
    Taro- Top this        car- Nom       buy- want seem
    `It seems that Taro   wants to buy   this car.'
Example #11:

    (24) a. Taroo- ga kono ten- o            juuyoo- da- to               omotte iru (koto)
    Taro- Nom this point- Acc important- Cop- Comp.Npast         think   is (fact)
    `(the fact that) Taro thinks this point to be important.'
Example #12:

    b. Taroo- ga kono ten- ga           juuyoo- da- to               omotte iru (koto)
    Taro- Nom this point- Nom important- Cop.Npast- Comp         think is (fact)
    `(the fact that) Taro thinks that this point is important.'
Example #13:

    (26) a. Taroo- wa kono ten- ga           juuyoo- da- to               omotte iru
    Taro- Top this point- Nom important- Cop.Npast- Comp         think is
    `Taro thinks that this point is important.'
Example #14:

    (27) a. Taroo- wa Jiroo- ni hana- o          Hanako- ni age- sase- ta.
    Taro- Top Jiro- Dat flower- Acc Hanako- Dat give- Cs- Past
    `Taro made/let Jiro give flowers to Hanako.'
Example #15:

    (28) a. Taroo- wa Jiroo- ni hon- o         Hanako- kara kari- sase- ta.
    Taro- Top Jiro- Dat book- Acc Hanako- from borrow- Cs- Past
    `Taro made/let Jiro borrow a book from Hanako.'
Example #16:

    b. Taroo- ga kuruma(- o) katta- n              dat- te?
    Taro- Nom car- Acc        bought- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that Taro bought a car?'
Example #17:

    (30) a. Hanako- wa       tyuugokugo(- ga) hanas- eru- n      dat- te.
    Hanako- Top Chinese- Nom            speak- can- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that Hanako can speak Chinese.'
Example #18:

    b. Taroo- wa kuruma(- ga) hosii- n           dat- te.
    Taro- Top car- Nom            want- Nzer Comp- Cop
    `I heard that Taro wants a car.'
Example #19:

    (31) a. A, basu(- ga)/*- wa kita- yo.15
    Ohbus- Nom/- Top came- Fp
    `Oh, here comes the bus.'
Example #20:

    b. Zoo- wa           hana(- ga)/- ??wa nagai desu- ne.
    elephant- Top trunk- Nom/- Top long Cop- Fp
    `Elephants have long trunks, don't they?'        (Tsutsui 1983, 226 (73c))
Example #21:

    c. Kimi- ate- ni        gakkoo- e tegami(- ga)/- ??wa todoita- yo.
    you- addressed- to school- to letter- Nom/- Top arrived- Fp
    `A letter has arrived at school for you. '    (Tsutsui 1983, 208 (22a))
Example #22:

    (32) a. Hanako- wa       ronbun- o     eigo*(- de) kaita- n        dat- te.
    Hanako- Top thesis- Acc English- by wrote- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that Hanako wrote a thesis in English.'
Example #23:

    b. Taroo- wa happyoo- o              gakkai*(- de) sitan         dat- te?
    Taro- Top presentation- Acc conference- at did- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that Taro did a presentation at a conference?'
Example #24:

    c. Hon- ga       Amerika*(- kara) todoita- n          dat- te?
    book- Nom America- from           arrived- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that a book arrived from America?'
Example #25:

    d. Taroo- wa eki*(- made)            aruita- n        dat- te.
    Taro- Top station- as.far.as walked- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that Taro walked to the station. '
Example #26:

    (33) a. Taroo- wa        eigo- o         Hanako*(- ni) osieta- n        dat- te.     (dative)
    Taro- Top        English- Acc    Hanako- Dat taught- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that   Taro taught English to Hanako.'
Example #27:

    b. Taroo- wa       ima Tookyoo*?(- ni) sunde- ru- n dat- te.
    Taro- Top       now Tokyo- in              live- be- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that   Taro lives in Tokyo now.'
Example #28:

    c. Taroo- wa         kinoo       Oosaka(- ni)     itta- n      dat- te.      (goal)
    Taro- Top         yesterday Osaka- to          went- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that    Taro went to Osaka yesterday. '
Example #29:

    (34) Eigo- de      ronbun- o Hanako*?(- ga) kaita- n  datte.
    English- by thesis- Acc Hanako- Nom wrote- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that Hanako wrote a thesis in English.'
Example #30:

    (35) a. Taroo_ kyoo oyoida- no?
    Taro     today swam- Q
    `Did Taro swim today?'
Example #31:

    b. Dare- ga    kyoo oyoida- no?
    who- Nom today swam- Q
    `Who swam today? '
Example #32:

    (36) a. Taroo- wa kuruma- o katta- no?
    Taro- Top car- Acc       bought- Q
    `Did Taro bought a car?'
Example #33:

    b. Taroo- wa nani- o        katta- no?
    Taro- Top what- Acc bought- Q
    `What did Taro bought?'
Example #34:

    (37) a. Hanako_,        eigo- de    ronbun_       kaita- n     datte.
    Hanako          English- by thesis        wrote- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that   Hanako wrote a thesis in English.'
Example #35:

    (38) a. Hanako_, ronbun_         kaita- n     datte.
    Hanako        thesis     wrote- Nzer Cop- Comp
    `I heard that Hanako wrote a thesis.'
Example #36:

    (39) a. A,       ano musi_ ugoiteru. (cf. Masunaga 1988, 151 (33))
    Oh that insect moving
    `Oh, that insect is moving.'
Example #37:

    b. Ano nimotsu_, dokete kurenai?
    that parcel re       move      give
    `Could you put the parcel out of the way? '
Example #38:

    c. Kore- wa kimi_, yatte kure- yo.               (Yatabe 1996, 225 (11))
    this- Top you           do     give- Fp
    `Could you do this?'