The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Evans, Nicholas, Ruth Singer & Bruce Birch (2005). The Iwaidja/Mawng reciprocal: a challenge to the typology of reciprocal constructions.

URL: http://www.student.unimelb.edu.au/rjsinger/Padang%5B1%5D.IwMa.recips.ho.pdf

(Last accessed ).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3087&langcode=mph (2022-01-22).


Example #1:

    (4d) Ngani-wu-ng
    Maw1sg <3sgMA-hit-PP
    `He hit me.'
Example #2:

    `This girl and boy are standing and talking. `             In formation8 040
Example #3:

    k-iw-atpi-           kiyap.
    PR-3pl >3MA-have-NPst fish
    `The girls have birds and the boys have fish.' Information8 031
Example #4:

    (7a) K-inyi-lakajpu-n.  Inyamin   k-inga-lakajpu-n.
    Maw PR-3MA>3FE-ask-NPst 3FE.CONTR PR-3GEN>3MA-ask-NPst
    `He asks her. Then she asks him.' Reciprocals4 002
Example #5:

    k-arrpun-muy            la wemin           k-arruntu-muy-ga.
    PR-12pl>3pl-not.know CONJ 3pl.CONTR PR-3pl>12pl-not.know-DIR
    `We're all countrymen but we don't know them and they don't know us.'
Example #6:

    (8c) Awunp-u-ng       la       wemin        jurra.
    Maw 3pl/3pl- give -PP SEQ 3pl.CONTR book
    `Th ey gave each other a book.' Reciprocals2 075
Example #7:

    (8d) Inynga-wung          la     inyamin           ninymawurr .
    Maw 3GEN/3FE- hit -PP SEQ 3FE.CONTR                FE-arm
    `Th ey (female) hit each other on the arm.' Reciprocals2 011]
Example #8:

    (11) Ngi-wu-ng         la               ngapimung.
    Maw 1sg>3MA-hit-PP CONJ                 1sg.CONTR
    `We fought each other'.            Reciprocals6 009
Example #9:

    (13) [Pata ngarrkarrk arrarrkpi] k-ini-lakajpu-n                la        ya min.
    Maw PL two      man         PR- 3MA/3MA-ask-NPst CONJ                      3MA.CONTR
    `Two men are talking to each other.' Reciprocals7 001
Example #10:

    K-iny-pani-              la   inyamin.
    PR-3FE-sit-NPst           SEQ 3FE.CONTR
    `They are each sitting(two women).'
Example #11:

    K-angku-wurru-n               la    wemin
    PR-3pl>3LL-think-NPst         SEQ   3pl.CONTR
    `They're each thinking.'