ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Gertjan van Noord and Valia Kordoni (2005). A Raising Analysis of the Dutch Passive.

URL: http://cslipublications.stanford.edu/HPSG/6/vannoord-kordoni.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3109&langcode=nld (2018-07-19).

 

Example #1:

    (1)     a. Peter      kust haar.
    Peter.subj kisses her.obj1
    "Peter kisses her."
Example #2:

    b. Zij      wordt gekust (door Peter).
    she.subj is     kissed (by Peter)
    "She is kissed (by Peter)."
Example #3:

    (2)     Het raam        is geopend.
    the window.subj is opened
    "The window is open."
Example #4:

    (3)     a. Peter      danst in Amsterdam.
    Peter.subj dances in Amsterdam
    "Peter is dancing in Amsterdam."
Example #5:

    b. In Amsterdam wordt gedanst.
    In Amsterdam is       danced
    "There is dancing in Amsterdam."
Example #6:

    (4)     a. Peter      arriveert in Amsterdam.
    Peter.subj arrives in Amsterdam
    "Peter arrives in Amsterdam."
Example #7:

    b. *In Amsterdam wordt gearriveerd.
    In Amsterdam is         arrived
    "There is arriving in Amsterdam."
Example #8:

    (5)    a. Ik     stuur hem       het boek      toe.
    I.subj send him.obj2 the book.obj1 to
    "I send him the book."
Example #9:

    b. Hij      krijgt het boek      toegestuurd.
    he.subj gets the book.obj1 sent-to
    "He gets the book sent."
Example #10:

    (6)    a. We       betalen hem        zijn salaris   door.
    we.subj pay       him.obj2 his wages.obj1 through
    "We continue to pay him his wages."
Example #11:

    b. Hij     krijgt zijn salaris      doorbetaald.
    he.subj gets his wages.obj1 paid-through
    "He is being paid his wages."
Example #12:

    (7)    a. Ik     stuur hem       het boek      toe.
    I.subj send him.obj2 the book.obj1 to
    "I send him the book."
Example #13:

    b. Het boek        wordt hem       toegestuurd.
    the book.subj is      him.obj2 sent-to
    "The book is sent to him."
Example #14:

    c. *Hij wordt het boek           toegestuurd.
    he.subj is     the book.obj1 sent-to
    "He is sent the book."
Example #15:

    (8)    *Hij krijgt toegestuurd.
    he.subj gets sent-to
    "*He was sent."
Example #16:

    (9)    *Hij wordt het boek         gegeven.
    he.subj is    the book.obj1 given
    "He is given the book."
Example #17:

    (10)       *Hij wordt zijn salaris       doorbetaald.
    he.subj is    his wages.obj1 paid-through
    "He is being paid his wages."
Example #18:

    (11)       a. Hij     wordt doorbetaald.
    he.subj is     paid-through
    "He is being paid."
Example #19:

    b. Hij     krijgt doorbetaald.
    he.subj gets paid-through
    "He is getting paid."
Example #20:

    (12)       a. Hij     krijgt uitgekeerd.
    he.subj gets paid-out
    "He is getting paid out benefits."
Example #21:

    b. Hij     wordt uitgekeerd.
    he.subj is     paid-out
    "He is being paid out."
Example #22:

    (20)    Ik     zie hem     gekust worden.
    I.nom see him.acc kissed be
    "I see him being kissed."
Example #23:

    (21)    Ik     zie hem       het boek toegestuurd krijgen.
    I.nom see him.acc the book PART-sent get
    "I see that he gets the book sent to him."
Example #24:

    (24)    ?Hij krijgt het boek toegestuurd en zijn buurman krijgt dat ook.
    he gets the book sent            and his neighbour gets that too
    "*He is sent the book and his neighbour is that too."
Example #25:

    (25)    *Hij krijgt uitbetaald en Piet krijgt dat ook.
    he gets paid           and Peter gets that too
    "*He gets paid and Peter gets that too."
Example #26:

    (27)   a. *Het probeert te regenen.
    it     tries     to rain
    "It tries to rain."
Example #27:

    b. Het schijnt te regenen.
    it seems to rain
    "It seems to rain."
Example #28:

    (28)   a. Ik probeer te winnen en mijn tegenstander probeert dat ook.
    I try       to win    and my opponent     tries    that too
    "I try to win and so does my opponent".
Example #29:

    b. *Ik schijn te winnen en mijn tegenstander schijnt dat ook.
    I seem to win        and my opponent      seems it too
    "I seem to win and so does my opponent."
Example #30:

    (29)   a. De wedstrijd winnen? Ja, dat probeer ik.
    the match    win?    yes, that try       I
    "To win the match? Yes, that is what I try."
Example #31:

    b. *De wedstrijd winnen? Ja, dat schijn ik.
    the match     win?    yes, that seem I
    "To win the match? Yes, that is what I seem."
Example #32:

    (30)   *Ik werd door hem geslagen en zij werd dat ook.
    I was by him beaten and she was that too
    "I was beaten by him and she was too."
Example #33:

    (31)   a. *Kussen? Nee, dat werd ik nog nooit.
    kiss?     no, that was I yet never
    "To kiss? No, I have never been that."
Example #34:

    b. *Mij kussen? Nee, dat werd ik nog nooit.
    me kiss? no, that was I yet never
    "To kiss me? No, I have never been that."
Example #35:

    afgenomen.
    taken-away
    center, and a social security house has been assigned to him and taken away from
Example #36:

    (33)   En nu krijgen wij het probleem onder de neus gewreven.
    and now get    we the problem under our nose pushed
    "And now we are presented with the problem."
Example #37:

    bevestigd.
    acknowledged
    knowledged."
Example #38:

    (38)   a. Zij       wierpen hem        de oplossing      in de schoot.
    they.subj threw him.obj2 the solution.obj1 in the lap
    "They made the solution very easy for him."
Example #39:

    b. *Zij      wierpen de oplossing       in de schoot.
    they.subj threw the solution.obj1 in the lap
    "They made the solution very easy."
Example #40:

    c. Hij     krijgt de oplossing     in de schoot geworpen.
    he.subj gets the solution.obj1 in the lap     thrown
    "He is offered the solution very easily."
Example #41:

    (39)   Hij     krijgt doorbetaald.
    he.subj gets paid-through
    "He is getting paid."
Example #42:

    (40)   a. ... dat hij      mij     een rad      voor        ogen draait
    ... that he.subj me.obj2 a wheel.obj1 in-front-of eyes rotates
    "... that he is misleading me"
Example #43:

    (41)    a. ... dat ik     hem       de huid        volscheld
    ... dat I.subj him.obj2 the skin.obj1 spray
    "... that I yell bad things at him / that I curse at him"
Example #44:

    (42)    a. ... dat ik     hem      een hart     onder de riem steek
    ... dat I.subj him.obj2 a heart.obj1 under the belt put
    "... that I give him hope"
Example #45:

    (43)    a. ... dat ik      hem      zand      in de ogen strooi
    ... that I.subj him.obj2 sand.obj1 in the eyes pour
    "... that I mislead him"
Example #46:

    (44)    a. ... dat ik      hem      de duimschroeven aandraai
    ... that I.subj him.obj2 the screws.obj1   tighten-up
    "... that I put him under pressure"
Example #47:

    (47)         *Ik stuur hem        toe.
    I.subj send him.obj2 to
    "*I send him."
Example #48:

    (48)    We      betalen hem      door.
    we.subj pay     him.obj2 through
    "We continue to pay him."
Example #49:

    (49)    Ze        keren het uit.
    they.subj pay it. out
    "They pay it out benefits."
Example #50:

    (51)    Ik     zie hem     gekust worden.
    I.nom see him.acc kissed be
    "I see him being kissed."
Example #51:

    (52)    Ik     zie hem       het boek toegestuurd krijgen.
    I.nom see him.acc the book PART-sent get
    "I see that he gets the book sent to him."
Example #52:

    (53)    Hij     krijgt het boek     opgestuurd.
    he.subj gets the book.obj1 PART-sent
    "He gets the book sent to him."
Example #53:

    (55)    a. Kleine kinderen     moeten worden voorgelezen.
    small children.subj must be       PART-read
    "Small children must be read to."
Example #54:

    b. Dan krijgen ze        voorgelezen uit krant        of tijdschrift.
    then get    they.subj PART-read from newspaper or journal
    "Then they get read to from newspaper or journal."
Example #55:

    (56)    a. Reizigers       worden verzocht uit    te stappen.
    passengers.subj are     requested PART to step
    "Passengers are requested to leave."
Example #56:

    b. Reizigers       wordt verzocht uit      te stappen.
    passengers.obj2 is     requested PART to step
    "One is requesting the passengers to leave."
Example #57:

    (57)   a. Een tijd geleden werd hij      gevraagd te koken voor Tony Blair.
    a while ago       was he.subj asked     to cook for Tony Blair
    "A while ago he was asked to cook for Tony Blair."
Example #58:

    b. Twee maanden geleden werd hem      gevraagd terug te komen.
    two months ago       was him.obj2 asked     PART to come
    "He was asked two months ago to come back."