The Online Database of Interlinear Text


The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Steven Franks (2006). Another Look at li Placement in Bulgarian.

URL: http://www.cogs.indiana.edu/people/homepages/franks/li_tlr_final.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3114&langcode=bul (2019-07-21).


Example #1:

    (1) a. Sled tri godini ti si           mu      gi     pokazvala.
    after three years you aux.2sg him.dat them.acc shown
    `After three years, you have shown him them.'
Example #2:

    b. Ucitelkata    vece     mu       gi      e    pokazvala.
    teacher.def already him.dat them.acc aux.3sg shown
    `The teacher has already shown them to him.'
Example #3:

    (2) a. Pokazvala si       mu        gi.
    shown     aux.2sg him.dat them.acc
    `You have shown them to him.
Example #4:

    b. Pokazvala    mu       gi      e.
    shown        him.dat them.acc aux.3sg
    `She has shown them to him.
Example #5:

    (3) a. I    si     mu       gi       pokazvala.
    and aux.2sg him.dat them.acc shown
    `And you have shown them to him.'
Example #6:

    b. Ste mu       gi       pokazvas.
    will him.dat them.acc shown
    `You will show them to him.'
Example #7:

    (4) a. Petko, edin moj prijatel, mi               go            dade.
    Peter a         my     friend       me.dat him.acc       gave
    `Petko, a friend of mine, gave it to me.'
Example #8:

    b. Ako njakoj,       kojto e s         men, mi        dade njakolko            cipa ...
    if     someone who is with me             me.dat gives several              chips
    `If someone, who is with me, gives me some chips ...'
Example #9:

    c. Ivan, spored       Marija,    go         vizdam     vseki den.
    Ivan according Maria          him.acc see.1sg       every day
    `(Talking about) Ivan, according to Maria, I see him every day.'
Example #10:

    d. Sled kato si           zivjal dosta s     edna zena, ja        poznavas dobre.
    after as      aux.2sg lived enough with a       woman her.acc know.2sg well
    `After you have lived with a woman long enough, you know her well.'
Example #11:

    (5) Dade li Ana knigata na Petko?
    gave Q Ana book.def to Petko
    `Did Ana give the book to Petko?
Example #12:

    (6) Dade li mu       go     Ana?
    gave Q him.dat it.acc Ana
    `Did Ana give it to him?
Example #13:

    (7) Ne mu        li     go     dade Ana?
    neg him.dat Q       it.acc gave Ana
    `Didn't Ana give it to him?'
Example #14:

    (9) a. Dala li si        mu       go?
    given Q aux.2g him.dat it.acc
    `Have you given it to him?
Example #15:

    b. Ne si        li mu        go  dala?
    neg aux.2sg Q him.dat it.acc given
    `Haven't you given it to him?
Example #16:

    (23) Kakvo obuslavja [ lipsata         na vkus obuslavja kakvo ]?
    what conditions absence.def of taste conditions what
    `What does the absence of taste condition?'
Example #17:

    (27) a. #Tvome prijatelju# #su          prodali su knjigu.#
    your.dat frend.dat aux.3pl gave aux.3pl book.acc
    `To your friend, they sold the book.'
Example #18:

    (28)     #Ja#, #tvoja mama#, #sam       ti     obeala sam                  ti      igracku#.
    I     your    mother aux.1sg you.dat promised aux.1sg             you.dat toy.acc
    `I, your mother, promised you a toy.'
Example #19:

    (33) a. Toj      go           e          vidjal.
    he.nom him/it.acc aux.3sg        seen
    `He has seen him/it.'
Example #20:

    (34) a. Ne sme        im       go        vse oste pokazali.
    neg aux.1pl them.dat it.acc still         shown
    `We still have not shown it to them.'
Example #21:

    b. Nie sme      im        go       vece kazali.
    we aux.1pl them.dat it.acc already said
    `We have already said it to them.'
Example #22:

    (35) a. Pokazvala li mu       gi      e.
    shown      Q him.dat them.acc aux.3sg
    `Did she show them to him?'
Example #23:

    (36) a. Ne si         li mu     gi     pokazvala?
    neg aux.2sg Q him.dat them.acc shown
    `Didn't you show them to him?'
Example #24:

    (37) a. Ne mu         li gi       e    pokazvala?
    neg him.dat Q them.acc aux.3sg shown
    `Didn't she show them to him?'
Example #25:

    (42) a. Az      sām       uz     ti          go     dala.
    I       aux.1sg maybe you.dat        it.acc given.fem
    `I have maybe already given it to you.'
Example #26:

    e. *Tja ti           uz     go     e              dala.
    She you.dat       maybe it.acc aux.3sg         given.fem
    `She has maybe already given it to you.'
Example #27:

    (43) Bese      li kupila kāsta?
    had.2/3sg Q bought house
    `Had you/she bought a house ?'
Example #28:

    (45) a. ?Bese li Marija kupila kāsta?
    had.3sg Q Maria bought house
    `Had Maria bought a house?'
Example #29:

    b. Bese     napālno/vece       zabravila za        srestata.
    had.3sg completely/already forgotten about meeting.def
    `She had completely/already forgotten about the meeting.'
Example #30:

    (46) Kupila li bese     kāsta?
    bought Q had.3sg house
    `Had she BOUGHT a house?'
Example #31:

    (48) Gledali bjaxa (samo) filma.
    saw     had.3pl only film.def
    `They had seen (only) the FILM.'
Example #32:

    (49) [F Na Marija ] li dadoxte nagradata?
    to Marija Q gave.2pl prize.def
    `Was it to Maria that you gave the prize?'
Example #33:

    (50) [F Gledali ] li bjaxa (*samo) filma.
    saw       Q had.3pl only     film.def
    `Had they SEEN (*only) the film?'
Example #34:

    (51) a. *Ivan li, toj ti        kaza?
    Ivan Q he you.dat told
    `*Talking about and was it Ivan who told you?'
Example #35:

    b. *Njakoj li dojde na srestata?
    someone Q came to meeting.def
    `*Was it someone who came to the meeting?'
Example #36:

    (52) Ivan, toj li ti        kaza?
    Ivan he Q you.dat told
    `Talking about Ivan, was it him who told you?'
Example #37:

    (53) a. Decata        kakvo gledaxa?
    children.def what watched.3pl
    `As for the children, what were they watching?'
Example #38:

    b. Decata        gledaxa       li tozi film?
    children.def watched.3pl Q that film
    `As for the children, were they watching that movie?'
Example #39:

    (54) Tozi film decata          go     gledaxa.
    this film children.def it.acc watched.3pl
    `As for this film, the children were watching it.'
Example #40:

    (55) a. Filma gledali         go      bjaxa decata.
    film watched.3pl it.acc had.3pl children.def
    `As for the movie, the children had seen it.'
Example #41:

    b. Na     Ivan, knigata kupila mu          ja bese     Marija.
    for    Ivan book.def bought him.dat it.acc had.3sg Maria
    [OR   `As for Ivan and as for the book, Maria HAD bought it for him.']
Example #42:

    (56) a. Na Ivan, spored mene, mu               go dadox.
    for Ivan according me        him.dat it.acc gave.1sg
    `To Ivan, according to me, I gave it.'
Example #43:

    b. Ivan, spored       Marija,    go         vizdam     vseki den.
    Ivan according Maria          him.acc see.1sg       every day
    `(Talking about) Ivan, according to Maria, I see him every day.' [= (4c)]
Example #44:

    (57) a. Ivan, spored     Marija, vidja      li go       vcera        vāv centāra?
    Ivan according Maria saw.3sg Q him.acc yesterday in                center.def
    `Ivan, according to Maria, did she see yesterday in the city center?'
Example #45:

    (58) Vie gledali li ste        go        tozi film?
    you saw Q aux.2pl it.acc this film
    `(As for) you, have you seen this film?'
Example #46:

    (59) Vie ste      go       gledali li     tozi film?
    you aux.2pl it.acc saw         Q     this film
    `Have you seen it, this film?'
Example #47:

    (60) Tozi film vie ste          go       gledali li?
    this film you aux.2pl it.acc saw Q
    `(As for this film), have you seen it?'
Example #48:

    (61) a. Knigata li na Ivan Vazov si          cel (ili raskaza)?
    book.def Q of Ivan Vazov aux.2sg read or story.def
    `Was it the book you read by Ivan Vazov (or the story)?
Example #49:

    b. Novata li kniga na           Ivan vidja?
    new.def Q book of            Ivan saw.2/3sg
    `Was it the new book by      Ivan that you saw?'
Example #50:

    b. Momiceto li ot        Sofia se razbolja (ili momceto)?
    girl.def    Q from Sofia refl get-sick or boy.def
    `Did the girl from Sofia get sick (or the boy)?'
Example #51:

    d. Prebrojavaneto li         na zajcite       se pravi naesen (ili ciftosvaneto)?
    counting.def      Q       of rabbits.def refl make in-fall or mating
    `Is it the counting of   rabbits that takes place in the fall (or the mating)?'
Example #52:

    (62) a. Zoreto li Petrov vidja     (ili Koleto)?
    Zhore Q Petrov saw.2/3sg or Kole
    `Was it ZHORE Petrov you saw (or Kole)?'
Example #53:

    b. ?Vladi li Petrov vidja     (ili Ivo)?
    Vladi Q Petrov saw.2/3sg or Ivo
    `Was it VLADI Petrov you saw (or Ivo)?'
Example #54:

    (63) Protiv li si       ili za?
    against Q aux.2sg or for
    `Are you AGAINST or for?'
Example #55:

    (64) a. Edna li kniga iskas     (ili dve)?
    one Q book want.2sg or two
    `Do you want ONE book (or two)?
Example #56:

    b. *Edna li druga kniga iskas?
    one   Q other book want.2sg
    `*Do you want AN other book?'
Example #57:

    (65) a. Starija li prijatel pokani (ili mladija)?
    old.def Q friend invited or young.def
    `Did you invite your OLD friend (or the young one)?'
Example #58:

    (66) *Xljaba li i      sireneto    izjade?
    bread.def Q and cheese.def ate
    `Was it the BREAD and the cheese that you ate?' [intended reading]
Example #59:

    (67) a. ?*Xljab li i      sirene jade?
    bread   Q and cheese ate
    `Were you eating BREAD and cheese?'
Example #60:

    b. ??Xljaba li i    sireneto     izjade (ili salatata i       sireneto)?
    bread.def Q and cheese.def ate        or salad.def and cheese.def
    `Was it the BREAD and the cheese that you ate (or the salad and the cheese)?'
Example #61:

    c. ??Rāzen li xljab i        sirene jade?
    rye      Q bread and cheese ate
    `Was it RYE bread and cheese that you were eating?
Example #62:

    (72) a. V tozi li grad si        xodil?
    in this Q city aux.2sg went
    `Have you been to that city?'
Example #63:

    (73) Novata kāsta li?
    new.def house Q
    `Is it a new house?'
Example #64:

    (74) *Kakvoi izjade [ ei i    sireneto ]?
    what     ate        and cheese.def
    `*What did you eat and the cheese?'
Example #65:

    (75) a. Sireneto li ste jades s xljab?
    cheese.def Q will eat.2sg with bread
    `Is the cheese that you are going to eat with bread?'
Example #66:

    (76) a. Koja li kniga ste mi          podaris?!
    which Q book will me.dat give.2sg
    `Which(ever) book will you give me?!'
Example #67:

    (77) a. Koj li kakvo kupuva?
    who Q what buys.3sg
    `Who on earth buys what?'
Example #68:

    (79) a. Koj kakvo li mi        e        kupil?
    who what Q me.dat aux.3sg bought
    `(I wonder) who has bought me what?'
Example #69:

    b. Koga kāde li ste se srestnem?43
    when where Q will refl meet.1pl
    `(I wonder) when and where we will meet?
Example #70:

    (80) Mnogo truden li ispit si        vzel?
    very    hard     Q exam aux.2sg took
    `Did you take a VERY HARD exam?'
Example #71:

    (81) Mnogo li truden ispit si        vzel (ili malko)?
    very    Q hard exam aux.2sg took or little
    `Was the exam that you took VERY hard (or only a little)?'
Example #72:

    (82) a. Mnogo li bese truden ispitāt?
    very Q was difficult exam.def
    `Was the test VERY hard?'
Example #73:

    (84) a. Izvānredno vaznija           li ispit vze?
    exceptionally important.def Q exam took.2/3sg
    `Was it the exceptionally important exam that she/he/you took?'
Example #74:

    b. Koj pāk      kakvo ti          dava na tebe?
    who EMPH what you.dat gives to you
    `Who gives you (of all people) what?
Example #75:

    c. Koj, spored    tebe, kakvo pie?
    who according you what drinks
    `Who, according to you, is drinking what?'
Example #76:

    d. Koj, sās sigurnost, kakvo koga ste donese?
    who with certainty what when will brings
    `Who, for sure, will bring what when?'
Example #77:

    e. Koj prāv kogo e        udaril?
    who first whom aux.3sg hit
    `Who hit whom first?'
Example #78:

    (88) a. Koj li prāv kogo e                  udaril?
    who Q first whom aux.3sg            hit
    `Who on earth hit who first?'
Example #79:

    (90) a. Koj, navjarno, kāde ste porāca tortata?
    who probably where will order cake.def
    `Who will perhaps have the cake made where?'
Example #80:

    (92) Koj kakvo li koga ste ni            servira?
    who what Q when will us.dat serve
    `Who will surprise us with what when, I wonder?'
Example #81:

    (96) a. Protiv vsickite prijateli li si     govoril?
    against all.def friends Q aux.2sg spoke
    `Did you speak AGAINST ALL YOUR FRIENDS?'
Example #82:

    (98) Protiv li si       ili za?
    against Q aux.2sg or for
    `Are you AGAINST or for?'
Example #83:

    (99) a. Novata li kola prodade?
    new.def Q car sold.2/3sg
    `Did she/he/you sell the new car?'
Example #84:

    (100) a. Az novata        kola si    m i sl j a ce    prodade.
    I    new.def car refl think.1sg that sold.2/3sg
    `As for me, I think that it was the new car that he/she/you sold.'
Example #85:

    b. Novata     li kola mislis ce        prodade?
    new.def Q    car think.1sg that sold.2/3sg
    `Was it the NEW car that you think that she/he/you sold?'
Example #86:

    (101) ?Novata li      m i sl i s ce prodade        kola?
    new.def Q       think.2sg that sold.2/3sg car
    `Was it the NEW car that you think he/she/you sold?'
Example #87:

    (103) a. ?Novata li prodade Petko kola?
    new.the Q sold.3sg Petko car
    `Was it the NEW car that Petko sold?'
Example #88:

    (i) Protiv smo      dijaloga    velikih na stetu        treih zemalja.
    against are.1pl dialog.gen great.gen to detriment third countries
    `We are against a dialog between the great powers to the detriment of third coun
Example #89:

    (i) E        li dosāl?
    aux.3sg Q arrived
    `Has he arrived?'
Example #90:

    (ii) Tova, koeto pravi nestata interesni, e, ce toj ...
    that   which makes things interest ing is that he
    `That which makes things interesting is that he ...'
Example #91:

    (i) Na Ivan, knigata bese       mu     ja kupila Marija.
    for Ivan book had.3sg him.dat it.acc bought Maria
    `As for Ivan and as for the book, Maria had bought it for him.'
Example #92:

    (i) Az sām       bila napālno       zabravila za     nego.
    I aux.1sg have completely forgotten about him
    `(They say) I have completely forgotten about him.'
Example #93:

    (i) Vjarvam      si        go      pital       vece.
    believe.1sg aux.2sg him.acc asked          already
    `I believe you asked him already.'
Example #94:

    (i) Xljabāt    sās sireneto bjaxa/*bese na masata.
    bread.def with cheese.def were/was on table
    `The bread and (with) the cheese were on the table.'
Example #95:

    (i) Koga li kāde li pak ste se          srestnem?
    when Q where Q again will refl meet.1pl
    `Whenever (and) wherever will we meet again?'
Example #96:

    (i) Sāvsem     nova li roklja nosese?
    completely new Q dress wore.2/3sg
    Was it a COMPLETELY NEW dress that she/he/you wore?
Example #97:

    (ii) ?Tolkova mnogo li xora imase?
    so       many    Q people had.3sg
    `Were there SO MANY people?'
Example #98:

    (iii) ?Iskljucitelno skāpa    li kola prodade?
    exceptionally expensive Q car sold.2/3sg
    `Was it an EXTREMELY EXPENSIVE car that he/she/you sold?'
Example #99:

    (i) ?Sāvsem li nova roklja nosese?
    completely Q new dress wore.2/3sg
    `Was it a COMPLETELY new dress that she/he/you wore?
Example #100:

    (ii) Tolkova li mnogo xora      imase?
    so       Q many people had.3sg
    `Were there SO many people?'
Example #101:

    (iii) Iskljucitelno li skāpa    kola prodade?
    exceptionally Q expensive car sold.2/3sg
    `Was it an EXTREMELY expensive car that he/she/you sold?'
Example #102:

    (i) Mnogo li sa        mokri rākavite mu?
    very   Q were wet sleeves.def him.dat
    `Were his sleeves VERY wet?'