ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Baker, Mark On the Distinction between Adjectives and Verbs

URL: http://equinox.rutgers.edu/people/faculty/baker/adj-lang-prt.pdf

(Last accessed 2005-02-18).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 313&langcode=bin (2018-04-23).

 

Example #1:

    (14)      a.   z    (*y) s.
    Ozo    is     shout
    `Ozo is shouting.'
Example #2:

    b.   *z r/*y khamwn.
    Ozo    is      chief
    `Ozo is a chief.'
Example #3:

    c.   *z rr/*y vb w.
    Ozo    is         at   house
    `Ozo is in the house.'
Example #4:

    (15)      a. y       mwn        y            mwn       l        vbr n rn.
    mother my she made.PAST            me.ACC cook food            for them
    `It's my mother that made me cook food for them.'
Example #5:

    b. y       mwn        y           mwn        l        vbr n rn.
    mother my      she make.HAB me.ACC cook food                   for them
    `It's my mother that makes me cook for them.'
Example #6:

    (16)      a.  y           mr ms.
    it made      Mary    be.beautifulV
    `It made Mary be beautiful.'
Example #7:

    b. y y         mtn prh.
    Uyi made metal        be.flatV
    `Uyi made the metal be flat.'
Example #8:

    (17)      a.   * y         mr ms.
    it   made     Mary beautifulA
    `It made Mary beautiful.'
Example #9:

    b. *y y         mtn prh.
    Uyi    made metal          flatA
    `Uyi made the metal flat.'
Example #10:

    (18)      y    y [PredP mtn ?(d) y [AP prh ]].
    Uyi    make            metal     INCEP be     flat
    `Uyi made the metal to be flat.'
Example #11:

    (57)      z gb mtn (*y) prh.
    Ozo beat metal        (be) flat
    `Ozo pounded the metal flat.'
Example #12:

    (58)     y y        mtn *(y) prh.
    Uyi make metal         be      flat
    `Uyi made the metal to be flat.'
Example #13:

    (59)      zr h      kpn hn.
    Azari wash cloth       be.cleanV
    `Azari washed the cloth clean.'
Example #14:

    (61)      a. dsw r         y kk(-r) msms.
    Adesuwa FOC Uyi raise-RV beautifulA
    `It's Adesuwa that Uyi raised beautiful.'
Example #15:

    b. dsw      r    y kk(*-r) ms(*-r).
    Adesuwa      FOC Uyi raise-RV         be.beautifulV
    `It's Adesuwa that Uyi raised to be beautiful.'
Example #16:

    (65)      a. gbgb zr.                                         EDO
    farmer      be.foolishV
    `The farmer is foolish.'
Example #17:

    b. gbgb y zrzur.
    farmer      be foolishA
    `The farmer is foolish.'
Example #18:

    c. [gbgb zrzur]NP
    farmer      foolishA
    `a foolish farmer'
Example #19:

    d. *[gbgb zr]NP
    farmer       be.foolishV
    `a foolish farmer'
Example #20:

    (70)       a. gbn z y prhprh y mwn b.
    life     Ozo be tangled       on matter book
    `Ozo's life is messed-up over (his) education.'
Example #21:

    b. n r [gbn prhprh (*y mwn b)].
    this be life        tangled    about matter book
    `This is a messed-up (*over education) life.'
Example #22:

    (71)     z r /*y       mwn zrzr.
    Ozo beN/*beA person foolish
    `Ozo is a foolish person.'
Example #23:

    (72)      a. y     *(r) khamwn.                      EDO
    Uyi   is      chief
    `Uyi *(is) a chief.'
Example #24:

    b.   *z y        [y khamwn]
    Ozo     made Uyi       chief
    `Ozo made Uyi a chief.'