ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Polya Vitkova Vitkova (2004). The Interaction of English Particles, Bulgarian Prefixes, and Telicity.

URL: http://www.ub.uit.no/theses/available/etd-03022005-144545/unrestricted/oppgave.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3130&langcode=bul (2018-04-24).

 

Example #1:

    b. Chetoh             kniga.
    Read.1P.Sg.Pperf. book
    "I read a book. (but not necessarily finished the book, the event of reading
Example #2:

    c. Trjabva da kupja               kniga.
    Must     to buy.1P.Sg.Pres. book
    "I must buy a book."
Example #3:

    d. Kupih              kniga.
    buy.1P.Sg.Pperf. book
    "I bought a book."  Here there is no difference with English, the event in
Example #4:

    (17) a. Toi za-pja                pesen.
    He pref-sing.3P.Sg.Pperf. song
    `He started to sing a song.'
Example #5:

    b. Toi iz-pia pesen.
    He pref-sing-3P.Sg.Pperf. song
    `He sang a song.'
Example #6:

    (19) a. Pi                   vodka-ta edin/za edin chas.
    drink-3P.Sg.Pperf. vodka- the.Fem one/for one hour.
    `He/she drank the vodka for an hour/in an hour.'
Example #7:

    b. Iz-pi                 vodka-ta *edin/za edin chas.
    Pref-drink.3P.Sg.Pperf. vodka- the.Fem. one/for one hour.
    `He/she drank up the vodka *for an hour/in an hour.'
Example #8:

    (20) a. Bojadisah ograda-ta za edin chas/*edin chas
    paint.1P.Sg.Pperf. fence-the za one hour/one hour
    `I painted the fence in an hour/*for an hour.'(perfective, telic)
Example #9:

    b. Pre-bojadisah ogradata za edin chas/*edni chas.
    Pref-paint.1P.Sg.Pperf. fence-the za one hour/one hour
    `I repainted the fence in an hour/*for an hour.'(perfective, telic)
Example #10:

    (21) a. Chetoh poezia *za edin chas/edin chas.
    Read.1Sg.Pperf. poetry za one hour/one hour
    `I read poetry *in an hour/for an hour.'(imperfective, atelic)
Example #11:

    b. Pro-chetoh poezia za edin chas/*edin chas.
    Pref-read.1Sg.Pperf. poetry za one hour/one hour
    `I read out poetry in an hour/*for an hour.'(perfective, telic)
Example #12:

    c. Po-chetoh poezia *za edin chas/edin chas.
    Pref-read.1Sg.Pperf. poetry za one hour/one hour
    `I read (for a while) poetry *in an hour/for an hour.'(perfective, atelic)
Example #13:

    (22) a. Poslednata uchastnichka pja                    edin chas/*za edin chas.
    Last-the-fem. Participant-fem sing.3P.Sg.Pperf. one hour/for one   hour
    `The last participant sang for an hour/*in an hour.'
Example #14:

    b. Tja kaza                rech-ta *edin chas/za edin chas.
    She say.3P.Sg.Pperf. speech-the one hour/for one hour
    `She said the speech *for an hour/in an hour.'
Example #15:

    (25) a. jabulka
    apple/Sg./Fem.
    `an apple'
Example #16:

    b. jabulka-ta
    apple/Sg./Fem.-Def.
    `the apple'
Example #17:

    (26) a. jabulki
    apple.Pl..Fem.
    `apples'
Example #18:

    b. jabulki-te
    apple.Pl.Fem-Def.
    `the apples'
Example #19:

    Jadjah              jabulkite i razmishljavah                nad juvota.
    Eat.1P.Sg.Pimperf. apples-the and contemplate-1P.Sg.Pimperf over life-the
    `I ate apples yesterday. I was eating the apples contemplating about life.'
Example #20:

    Slushah              muzikata i rmishljavah                     nad jivota.
    Listen.1P.Sg.Pimperf.music-the and contemplate.1P.Sg.Pimperf over life-the
    about life.'
Example #21:

    a. John pulni rezervoar-a *za chas/edin chas.
    John fill.3Sg.Pperf. trunk-the(obl.) za hour/one hour
    `John filled the tank *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #22:

    b. John na-pulni rezervoar-a za chas/*edin chas.
    John pref-fill.3Sg.Pperf. trunk-the(obl.) za hour/one hour
    `John filled the tank up in an hour/*for an hour.'
Example #23:

    a. John prazni               rezervoar-a *za chas/edin chas.
    John empty.3Sg.Pperf. trunk-the(obl.) za hour/one hour
    `John emptied the tank *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #24:

    b. John iz-prazni               rezervoar-a za chas/*edin chas.
    John pref-empty.3Sg.Pperf. trunk-the(obl.) za hour/one hour
    `John emptied the tank out in an hour/*for an hour.'
Example #25:

    c. John prazni dva litra voda ot rezervoar-a                   ?za chas/edin chas.
    John empty-.Sg.Pperf. two liters water from trunk-the(obl.) za hour/one hour
    `John emptied two liters of water from the tank ?in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #26:

    d. John prazni voda ot rezervoara                    * za chas/edin chas.
    John empty.3Sg.Pperf. water from trunk-the(obl.) za hour/one hour
    `John emptied water from the tank *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #27:

    e. John iz-prazni                dva litra voda ot rezervoar-a za chas/*edin chas.
    John pref-empty.3Sg.Pperf. two liters water from trunk-the(obl.) za hour/one hour
    hour.'
Example #28:

    f. John iz-prazni voda ot rezervoara za chas/*edin chas.
    John pref-empty.3Sg.Pperf. water from trunk-the(obl.) za hour/one hour
    `John emptied out water from the tank in an hour/*for an hour.'
Example #29:

    a. John chete dve stranici ot kniga-ta *za chas/edin chas.
    John read.3Sg.Pperf. two pages from book-the za hour/one hour
    `John read two pages of the book *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #30:

    b. John chete         poezia *za chas/edin chas.
    John read.3Sg.Pperf. poetry za hour/one hour
    `John read poetry *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #31:

    c. John pro-chete dve stranici ot kniga-ta za chas/*edin chas.
    John pref-read.3Sg.Pperf. two pages from book-the za hour/one hour
    `John read out two pages of the book *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #32:

    d. John pro-chete           poezia za chas/*edin chas.
    John pref-read.3Sg.Pperf. poetry za hour/one hour
    `John read out poetry in an hour/*for an hour.'
Example #33:

    a. John pisa            dve starnici ot statia-ta si *za 4 chasa/4 chasa.
    John write.3Sg.Pperf. two pages from atricle-the his za 4 hours/4 hours
    `John wrote two pages of his article *in 4 hours/4 hours.'
Example #34:

    b. John pisa          poezia *za 4 chasa/4chasa.
    John write.3Sg.Pperf. poetry za 4 hours/4 hours
    `John wrote poetry *in 4 hours/for 4 hours.'
Example #35:

    c. John na-pisa              dve starnici ot statia-ta si za 4 chasa/*4 chasa.
    John pref-write.3Sg.Pperf. two pages from atricle-the his za 4 hours/4 hours
    `John wrote down two pages of his article in 4 hours/*for 4 hours.'
Example #36:

    d. John na-pisa            poezia za 4 chasa/*4chasa.
    John pref-write.3Sg.Pperf. poetry za 4 hours/4 hours
    `John wrote down poetry in 4 hours/*for 4 hours.'
Example #37:

    a. John gotvi           dva kilograma kartofi *za chas/edin chas.
    John cook.3Sg.Pperf. two kilos         potatoes za hour/one hour
    `John cooked two kilos of potatoes *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #38:

    b. John gotvi zele *za chasa/edin chas.
    John cook.3Sg.Pperf. cabbage za hour/one hour
    `John cooked cabbage *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #39:

    c. John s-gotvi             tenjera zadusheno za chas/*edin chas.
    John pref-cook.3Sg.Pperf. pot       stew          za hour/one hour
    `John cooked up a pot of stew in an hour/*for an hour.'
Example #40:

    d. John s-gotvi                   zele *za chasa/edin chas.
    John pref-cook.3Sg.Pperf. cabbage za hour/one hour
    `John cooked cabbage *in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #41:

    a. John sturga           dva morkova *za deset minuti/deset minuti.
    John grate.3Sg.Pperf. two carrots        za ten minutes     /ten minutes
    `John grated two carrots *in ten minutes/for ten minutes.'
Example #42:

    b. John sturga            sirene *za deset minuti/deset minuti.
    John grate.3Sg.Pperf. cheese za ten minutes       /ten minutes
    `John grated cheese *in ten minutes/for ten minutes.'
Example #43:

    c. John na-sturga            dva morkova samo za deset minuti/*deset minuti.
    John pref-grate.3Sg.Pperf. two carrots     just      za ten minutes   /ten minutes
    `John grated two carrots up in just ten minutes/*for ten minutes.'
Example #44:

    d. John na-sturga          sirene za pasta-ta samo za deset minuti/*deset minuti.
    John pref-grate.3Sg.Pperf. cheese for pasta-the just      za ten minutes   /ten minutes
    `John grated up cheese for the pasta in just ten minutes/*for ten minutes.'
Example #45:

    a. John topli           chainika *za deset minuti/deset minuti.
    John heat.3Sg.Pperf. pot-the(obl.) za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John heated the pot *in ten minutes/for ten minutes.'
Example #46:

    b. John topli voda *za deset minuti/deset minuti.
    John heat.3Sg.Pperf. water za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John heated water *in ten minutes/for ten minutes.'
Example #47:

    c. John s-topli            chainika za deset minuti/*deset minuti.
    John pref-heat.3Sg.Pperf. pot-the(obl.) za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John heated the pot up in ten minutes/*for ten minutes.'
Example #48:

    d. John s-topli voda samo za deset minuti/*celi deset minuti.
    John pref-heat.3Sg.Pperf. water just za ten minutes/whole ten minutes
    `John heated water up in just ten minutes/*for whole ten minutes.'
Example #49:

    a. John topi parche-to shokolad *za dest minuti/deset minuti.
    John melt.3Sg.Pperf. piece-the chocolate za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John melted the piece of chocolate *in ten minutes/for ten minutes.'
Example #50:

    b. John topi shokolad za keik-a *za deset minuti/deset minuti.
    John melt.3Sg.Pperf. chocolate for cake-the(obl.) za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John melted chocolate for the cake *in ten minutes/for ten minutes.'
Example #51:

    c. John raz-topi              parche-to shokolad za dest minuti/*deset minuti.
    John pref-melt.3Sg.Pperf. piece-the chocolate      za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John melted the piece of chocolate down in ten minutes/*for ten minutes.'
Example #52:

    minuti
    minutes
    `John melted down chocolate for the cake in ten minutes/*for ten minutes.'
Example #53:

    a. Rastenie-to vehna samo *za 5 dni/5 dni.
    Plant-the wither.3Sg.Pperf. just za 5 days/5days
    `The plant withered *in just 5 days/5 days.'
Example #54:

    b. Plod-at vehna na loza-ta samo *za 3 dni/celi 3 dni.
    Fruit-the wither.3Sg.Pperf. on vine-the just za 3 days/whole 3 days
    `The fruit withered on the vine *in just 3 days/for 3 whole days.'
Example #55:

    c. Rastenie-to u-vehna samo za 5 dni/*5 dni.
    Plant-the pref-wither.3Sg.Pperf. just za 5 days/5days
    `The plant withered away in just 5 days/*5 days.'
Example #56:

    d. Plod-at vehna na loza-ta samo *za 3 dni/celi 3 dni.
    Fruit-the wither.3Sg.Pperf. on vine-the just za 3 days/whole 3 days
    `The fruit withered on the vine *in just 3 days/for 3 whole days.'
Example #57:

    (55) a. Fotbolist-at debelja *za edin sezon/3 sezona podred.
    Footballer-the put.on.weight.3Sg.Pperf. za one season/3 seasons in/a/row
    `The footballer put on weight in *in a season/for 3 seasons in a row.'
Example #58:

    b. Fotbolist-at na-debelja                      za edin sezon/*3 sezona podred.
    Footballer-the pref-put.on.weight.3Sg.Pperf. za one season/3 seasons in/a/row
    `The footballer put on weight in in a season/*for 3 seasons in a row.'
Example #59:

    a. *John beli             kurpa-ta za dva chasa/dva chasa.
    John whiten.3Sg.Pperf. towel-the za two hours/two hours.
    Intended: `John whitened the towel in 2 hours/for 2 hours.'
Example #60:

    b. *John beli             pamuk za dva chasa/dva chasa.
    John whiten.3Sg.Pperf. cotton za two hours/two hours.
    Intended: `John whitened cotton in 2 hours/for 2 hours.'
Example #61:

    c. John iz-beli             kurpa-ta za dva chasa/*dva chasa.
    John pref-whiten.3Sg.Pperf. towel-the za two hours/two hours.
    `John whitened up the towel in 2 hours/*for 2 hours.'
Example #62:

    d. John iz-beli              pamuk za dva chasa/*dva chasa.
    John pref-whiten.3Sg.Pperf. cotton za two hours/two hours.
    `John whitened cotton up in 2 hours/for 2 hours.'
Example #63:

    a. *John tumni             staja-ta za 2 minuti/2 minuti.
    John darken.3Sg.Pperf. room-the za 2 minutes/2 minutes
    Intended: `John darkened the room in 2 minutes/for 2 minutes.'
Example #64:

    b. *John tumni               fotografska hartia za 2 minuti/2 minuti.
    John darken.3Sg.Pperf. photographic paper     za 2 minutes/2 minutes
    Intended: `John darkened photographic paper in 2 minutes/for 2 minutes.'
Example #65:

    c. John za-tumni             staja-ta za 2 minuti/*2 minuti.
    John pref-darken.3Sg.Pperf. room-the za 2 minutes/2 minutes
    `John darkened up the room in 2 minutes/*for 2 minutes.'
Example #66:

    d. John za-tumni                fotografska hartia za 2 minuti/*2 minuti.
    John pref-darken.3Sg.Pperf. photographic paper     za 2 minutes/2 minutes
    `John darkened up photographic paper in 2 minutes/*for 2 minutes.'
Example #67:

    a. John jade mango-to samo *za minuta/edna minuta.
    John eat.3Sg.Pperf. mango-the just za minute/one minute
    `John ate the mango *in just a minute/for a minute.'
Example #68:

    b. John jade kasha *za 2 minuti/2 minuti.
    John eat.3Sg.Pperf. porridge za 2 minutes/for 2 minutes.
    `John ate porridge *in 2 minutes/for 2 minutes.'
Example #69:

    c. John iz-jade mango-to za 2 minuti/*2 minutes.
    John pref-eat.3Sg.Pperf. mango-the za 2 minutes/2 minutes
    `John ate up the mango in 2 minutes/*for 2 minutes.'
Example #70:

    d. ??John iz-jade kasha za 2 minuti/*2 minuti.
    John pref-eat.3Sg.Pperf. porridge za 2 minutes/ 2 minutes.
    ??`John ate up porridge in 2 minutes/*for 2 minutes.
Example #71:

    a. John pi              devet decilitra sok samo *za minuta/edna minuta.
    John drink.3Sg.Pperf. nine    deciliters juice just       za minute/one minute
    `John drank nine deciliters of juice *in just a minute/for a minute.'
Example #72:

    b. John pi                   sok *za 2 minuti/2 minuti.
    John drink.3Sg.Pperf. juice za 2 minutes/2 minutes
    `John drank juice *in 2 minutes/for 2 minutes.'
Example #73:

    c. John iz-pi                 devet decilitra sok samo za minuta/*edna minuta.
    John pref-drink.3Sg.Pperf. nine    deciliters juice just za minute/ one minute
    `John drank nine deciliters of juice up in just a minute/*for a minute.'
Example #74:

    d. ??John iz-pi                   sok za 2 minuti/*2 minuti.
    John pref-drink.3Sg.Pperf. juice za 2 minutes/2 minutes
    ??`John drank juice up in 2 minutes/*for 2 minutes.'
Example #75:

    a. John upotrebi        burkanche gorchica samo za 2 dena/*celi 2 sedmici.
    John use.3Sg.Pperf. jar             mustard          just za 2 days   /whole 2 weeks
    `John used a jar of mustard *in just 2 days/for whole 2 weeks.'
Example #76:

    b. John upotrebi         gorchica za sandvichi-te si za dva dena/*dva dena.
    John use-3Sg.Pperf. mustard for sandwiches-the his za two days/two days
    `John used mustard for his sandwiches *in two days/for two days.'
Example #77:

    c. John do-upotrebi          burkanche gorchica samo za 2 dena/*celi 2 sedmici.
    John pref-use.3Sg.Pperf. jar          mustard just za 2 days     /whole 2 weeks
    `John used up a jar of mustard in just 2 days/*for whole 2 weeks.'
Example #78:

    d. John do-upotrebi          gorchica    za dva dena/*dva dena.
    John pref-use.3Sg.Pperf. mustard     za two days/two days
    `John used up mustard in two days/*for two days.'
Example #79:

    b. Chetoh            kniga.
    Read-1P.Sg.Pperf. book
    "I read a book. (but not necessarily finished the book, the event of reading
Example #80:

    c. Trjabva da kupja              kniga.
    Must     to buy-1P.Sg.Pres. book
    "I must buy a book."
Example #81:

    d. Kupih              kniga.
    buy-1P.Sg.Pperf. book
    "I bought a book."  Here there is no difference with English, the event in
Example #82:

    a. Toi subori         kushta-ta za den/*edin den.
    He    ruin-3Sg.Pperf. house-the for day/one day
    `He ruined the house in an hour/for an hour.'
Example #83:

    b. Toi do-subori          kushta-ta za den/*edin den.
    He pref-ruin-3Sg.Pperf. house-the for day/*one day
    `He ruined the house in an hour/*for an hour.'
Example #84:

    a. Osvetih           staja-ta s fener za minutka/*edna minutka.
    Lighten-3Sg.Pperf. room-the with torch for minute/*one minute
    `I lightened the room with a torch in a minute/* for a minute.'
Example #85:

    b. Osvetih              seno-to s fener za minutka/*edna minutka.
    Lighten-3Sg.Pperf. hay-the with torch for minute/*one minute
    `I lightened the hay with a torch in a minute/* for a minute.'
Example #86:

    c. Do-osvetih            staja-ta s fener za minutka/*edna minutka.
    Pref-lighten-3Sg.Pperf. room-the with torch for minute/*one minute
    `I lightened the room up with a torch in a minute/* for a minute.'
Example #87:

    d. Do-osvetih               seno-to s fener za minutka/*edna minutka.
    Pref-lighten-3Sg.Pperf. hay-the with torch for minute/*one minute
    `I lightened the hay up with a torch in a minute/* for a minute.'
Example #88:

    a. John topli           chainika *za deset minuti/deset minuti.
    John heat.3Sg.Pperf. pot-the(obl.) za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John heated the pot *in ten minutes/for ten minutes.'
Example #89:

    b. John topli voda *za deset minuti/deset minuti.
    John heat.3Sg.Pperf. water za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John heated water *in ten minutes/for ten minutes.'
Example #90:

    c. John s-topli            chainika za deset minuti/*deset minuti.
    John pref-heat.3Sg.Pperf. pot-the(obl.) za ten minutes/ten minutes
    `John heated the pot up in ten minutes/*for ten minutes.'
Example #91:

    d. John s-topli voda samo za deset minuti/*celi deset minuti.
    John pref-heat.3Sg.Pperf. water just za ten minutes/whole ten minutes
    `John heated water up in just ten minutes/*for whole ten minutes.'