ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Chizuru Nakao (2008). Japanese V-aw constructions.

URL: http://www.ling.umd.edu/~cnakao/nakao_LSJ.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3199&langcode=jpn (2018-12-18).

 

Example #1:

    a. [Taro to Jiro]i-ga otagaii-o tatai-ta.
    Taro and Jiro-NOM each other-ACC hit-past
    "[Taro and Jiro]i hit each otheri."
Example #2:

    [Taro to Jiro]i-ga ei tataki-aw-ta.
    Taro and Jiro-NOM hit-AW-past
    "[Taro and Jiro]i hit each otheri."
Example #3:

    [Taro to Jiro]-ga yorokobi-aw-ta.
    Taro and Jiro-NOM be-pleased-AW-past
    "Taro and Jiro showed the joy together."
Example #4:

    b. [Taro to Jiro]i-ga [PP zibun-tatii-no heya-de] benkyoosi-ta.
    Taro and Jiro-NOM self-pl-GEN room-in study-past
    "[Taro and Jiro]i studied in theiri room." (collective)
Example #5:

    b. [Taro to Jiro]i-ga [PP zibun-tatii-no heya-de] kenkasi-ta.
    Taro and Jiro-NOM self-pl-GEN room-in fight-past
    "[Taro and Jiro]i fought in theiri room." (collective)
Example #6:

    b. [Taro to Jiro]i-ga [PP zibuni-tati-no heya-de] otagaii-o tatai-ta.
    Taro and Jiro-NOM self-pl-GEN room-in each other-ACC hit-past
    "[Taro and Jiro]i hit each otheri in theiri room." (collective)
Example #7:

    b. [Taro to Jiro]i-ga [PP zibun-tatii-no heya-de] ei tataki-aw-ta.
    Taro and Jiro-NOM self-tati-GEN room-in hit-AW-past
    "[Taro and Jiro]i hit each otheri in theiri room." (collective)
Example #8:

    a. Sensei-tatii-ga seito-tatij-yorimo sakini otagaii-o hihansi-ta.
    teacher-pl-NOM student-pl-than earlier each other-ACC criticize-past
    "The teachersi criticized each otheri earlier than the studentsj." (SC/OC)
Example #9:

    a. Ki-ga 300-meter-okini tat(*i-aw)-te-iru.
    tree-NOM 300-meter-at-the-interval stand-AW-pres
    "The trees (competitively/collaboratively) stand at interval 300 meters."
Example #10:

    b. Heisi-tati-ga 300-meter-okini tat(i-aw)-te-iru.
    soldier-pl-NOM 300-meter-at-the-interval stand-AW-pres
    "The soldiers stand at interval 300 meters."               (cf. Imani and Peters
Example #11:

    a. Kii-ga ei yorikakari-aw-te-iru.
    tree-NOM lean-AW-pres
    "The trees lean against each other."                       (cf. Imani and Peters