ODIN

The Online Database of Interlinear Text

 

The following interlinear glossed text data was extracted from a document found on the World Wide Web via a semi-automated process. The data presented here could contain corruption (degraded or missing characters), so the source document (link below) should be consulted to ensure accuracy. If you use any of the data shown here for research purposes, be sure to cite ODIN and the source document. Please use the following citation record or variant thereof:

Joanna BÅ‚aszczak & Susann Fischer (2001). MULTIPLE WH-KONSTRUKTIONEN IM SLAVISCHEN.

URL: http://www.ling.uni-potsdam.de/atl/forschung/publikationen/docs/blaszcak/LiPwhSlavic_state_of_the_art_report.pdf

(Last accessed 2009-07-23).

ODIN: http://odin.linguistlist.org/igt_raw.php?id= 3201&langcode=bul (2018-04-24).

 

Example #1:

    (25)    a.        Koj kde mislis [ce e otisl _ _]?
    who where think-2.SG. that has gone
    `Who do you think (that) went where?'
Example #2:

    (32)   Vidjah edna kniga, kojatoi se cudja [koj znae [koj prodava _ i]]
    saw-1.SG. a book which wonder-1.SG. who knows who sells
    `I saw a book which I wonder who knows who sells (it).'
Example #3:

    (33)   a.   * Kakvo se cudis koj znae koj prodava?
    what wonder-2.SG. who knows who sells
    `What do you wonder who knows who sells?'
Example #4:

    b. ? Koja ot tezi knigi se cudis koj znae koj prodava?
    which of these books wonder-2.SG. who knows who sells
    `Which of these books do you wonder who knows who sells?'
Example #5:

    (39)   a.      Koj kakvo ti e kazal?                                          Klitikum
    who what you has told
    `Who told you what?'
Example #6:

    (40)   a.      Zavisi ot tova, koj kogo prv e udaril.                         Adverb
    depends on it who whom first is hit
    `It depends on who hit whom first first.'
Example #7:

    (41)   a. ?* Koj, spored tebe, kakvo e kazal?
    who according to you what has said
    `Who, in your option, said what?'
Example #8:

    (52)   a.    Koj kogo vizda?
    who whom sees
    `Who sees whom?'
Example #9:

    c.    Koj kogo na kogo e pokazal?
    who whom to whom has pointed out
    `Who pointed out who to whom?'
Example #10:

    (68)   Zavisi ot tova, koj prv kogo e udaril
    depends on it who first whom is hit
    `It depends on who hit whom first first.'
Example #11:

    (69)   a.      Koj kakvo spored tebe e kazal?
    who according to you what has said
    `Who, in your option, said what?'
Example #12:

    (98)   a.   * Kakvo se cudis koj znae koj prodava?
    what wonder-2s who knows who sells
    `What do you wonder who knows who sells?'
Example #13:

    b. ? Koja ot tezi knigi se cudis koj znae koj prodava?
    which of these books wonder-2s who knows who sells
    `Which of these books do you wonder who knows who sells?'
Example #14:

    (100) a.        Ne razbiras na koja zena kakv mz trjabva. NO SUPERIORITY
    NEG understand-2s to which woman what kind man is necessary
    `You don't understand what kind of man which woman needs.'
Example #15:

    (102) a.         Koj kakvo t e napisal t?                            SUPERIORITY
    who what AUX wrote
    `Who wrote what?'
Example #16:

    (103) a.       Koj aftor koja kniga t e napisal t?                     NO SUPERIORITY
    which author which book AUX wrote
    `Which author wrote which book?'
Example #17:

    (109) a.       Kogo kakvo e udarilo?                                NO SUPERIORITY
    whom-ACC what-NOM CL hit
    `What hit whom?'
Example #18:

    b.      Kakvo kogo e udarilo?                                SUPERIORITY
    what-NOM whom-ACC CL hit
    `What hit whom?'
Example #19:

    (110) a.     Koj na kogo mu xaresva?                           SUPERIORITY
    who-NOM to whom-DAT CL-DAT.3.SG is-pleasing
    (literally) `Who is likeable to whom?'
Example #20:

    (111) a. ?? Kakvo na kogo mu xaresva?
    what-NOM to whom-DAT CL-DAT.3.SG is-pleasing
    (literally) `Who is likeable to whom?'
Example #21:

    (113) a.     Kogo kakvo e pital Ivan?
    whom         what is asked Ivan
    `Who did Ivan ask what?'
Example #22:

    (114) a.     Koj kakvo na kogo kaza?
    who-NOM what-ACC to whom-DAT said
    `Who said what to whom?'
Example #23:

    (115) a.       Kogo kak e tselunal Ivan?         SUPERIORITY
    whom how is kissed Ivan
    `How did Ivan kiss who?'
Example #24:

    c.    Kogo kde e vidjal covekt?
    whom where is seen the man
    `Who did the man see where?'
Example #25:

    (116) a.       Koj kogo kak e tselunal?          NO SUPERIORITY
    who whom how is kissed
    `Who kissed whom how?'
Example #26:

    (118) a.        Koj kogo na koj e pokazal?
    who-NOM whom-ACC to who-DAT CL showed
    ,Who pointed out whom to who?`
Example #27:

    a.        Koj kogo vizda?
    who-NOM whom-ACC sees
    `Who sees whom?'
Example #28:

    c.        Koj kakvo pravi?
    Who-NOM what-ACC does
    `Who does what?'
Example #29:

    a.      Koj na kogo e dal ximikalkata?
    who-NOM to whom-DAT CL given pen-ACC
    ,Who gave the pen to whom?`
Example #30:

    a.      Koj kak ptuva?
    who how travels
    `Who travels how?' (i.e. by what conveyance)
Example #31:

    c.      Koj kde ste spi?
    who where will sleep
    `Who will sleep where?'
Example #32:

    e.      Koj zasto ti xaresva?
    who-NOM why CL-DAT.2.SG is-pleasing
    `Who do you liek why?'
Example #33:

    (124) a.     Kakvo kde te udari?
    what-NOM where you-ACC hit-3.SG
    `What hit you where?'
Example #34:

    (125) a.     Kakvo koga e kupil?
    what-ACC when CL bought
    `When did he buy what?'
Example #35:

    (154) a.        Koj obica majka si?
    who loves mother his
    `Whoi loves hisi mother?'
Example #36:

    b. * Kogo obica majka su?
    who loves mother his
    `Whoi does hisi mother love?'
Example #37:

    a. *    Majka mui obica vseki coveki
    mother his love every person
    ,Hisi mother loves everyonei.`
Example #38:

    (i)     a.      Kogo kak e tselunal Ivan?
    whom how is kissed Ivan
    ,How did Ivan kiss who?`
Example #39:

    (ii)    a.      Kogo kde ste videli?
    whom-ACC where CL seen
    ,Whom did you see where?`
Example #40:

    a. * [TopP Koj vcera [CP kakvo kupil]]?                                      Non-D-linked
    who yesterday what bought
    `Who bought what yesterday?'
Example #41:

    a.      Nisto ne rarbiram.
    nothing NEG understand-1.SG.
    `I don't understand anything.'
Example #42:

    (i)      a.      Ne razbiram nísto.                = Rudins (18a) [Rudins Unterstreichung]
    neg understand-1s nothing
    `I don't understand anything.'
Example #43:

    b.      Nísto ne razbiram.                = Rudins (18b) [Rudins Unterstreichung]
    nothing neg understand-1s
    `I don't understand anything.'
Example #44:

    (166) a.        Kogo kakvo e udarilo?
    whom-ACC what-NOM CL hit
    `What hit whom?'
Example #45:

    b.      Kakvo kogo e udarilo?
    what-NOM whom-ACC CL hit
    `What hit whom?'
Example #46:

    (170) a.         Kogo kakvo e udarilo?
    whom-ACC what-NOM CL hit
    `What hit whom?'
Example #47:

    Koj na kogo kakvo e kazal?
    who-NOM to whom-DAT what-ACC CL.3.SG said
    `Who said what to whom?'
Example #48:

    Koga kakvo e kupil?
    when what CL bought
    `When did he buy what?'
Example #49:

    a.      Koj kogo vizda?
    who-NOM whom-ACC sees
    `Who sees whom?'
Example #50:

    a.      Koj kakvo pravi?
    Who-NOM what-ACC does
    `Who does what?'
Example #51:

    a.      Kogo kakvo e udarilo?
    whom-ACC what-NOM CL hit
    `What hit whom?'
Example #52:

    c.     Kakvo kogo e udarilo?
    what-NOM whom-ACC CL hit
    `What hit whom?'
Example #53:

    a.      Koj na kogo e dal ximikalkata?
    who-NOM to whom-DAT CL given pen-ACC
    `Who gave the pen to whom?'
Example #54:

    a.     Koj na kogo mu xaresva?
    who-NOM to whom-DAT CL-DAT.3.SG is-pleasing
    (literally) `Who is likeable to whom?'
Example #55:

    a.     Kakvo na kogo mu xaresva?
    what-NOM to whom-DAT CL-DAT.3.SG is-pleasing
    (literally) `Who is likeable to whom?'
Example #56:

    a.     Koj na koj mu xaresva?
    who-NOM to who-DAT CL-DAT is-pleasing
    `Who is pleasing to who?'
Example #57:

    a.     Kogo na kogo e pokazal Ivan?
    whom-ACC to whom-DAT CL showed Ivan-NOM
    `Whom did Ivan show to whom?'
Example #58:

    a.     Kogo na koj e pokazal Ivan?
    Whom-ACC to who-DAT CL showed Ivan-NOM
    `Whom did Ivan point out to whom?'
Example #59:

    a.     Koj kak ptuva?
    who how travels
    `Who travels how?' (i.e. by what conveyance)
Example #60:

    a.   Koj kde ste spi?
    who where will sleep
    `Who will sleep where?'
Example #61:

    a.   Koj zasto ti xaresva?
    who-NOM why CL-DAT.2.SG is-pleasing
    `Who do you liek why?'
Example #62:

    a.   Kogo kde ste videli?
    whom-ACC where CL seen
    `Whom did you see where?'
Example #63:

    a.   Kakvo koga e kupil?
    what-ACC when CL bought
    `When did he buy what?'
Example #64:

    a.   Kakvo kde raste?
    what-NOM where grows
    `What grows where?'
Example #65:

    a.   Koj kde mislis [ce e otisl _ _]?
    who where think-2s that has gone
    `Who do you think (that) went where?'
Example #66:

    a.   Boris na kogo kakvo kaza [ce ste dade _ _]?
    Boris to whom what said that will give-3s
    `What did Boris say that (he) would give to whom?'
Example #67:

    c.   Coveka, kojto kakvo ne znaes [kakvo kazvat [ce e kupil _ _] ..
    the man who-REL NEG know-2s what say-3p that has bought
    `The man who you don't know what they say that he bought ..'
Example #68:

    Vidjah edna kniga, kojatoi se cudja [koj znae [koj prodava _ i]]
    saw-1s a book which wonder-1s who knows who sells
    `I saw a book which I wonder who knows who sells (it).'
Example #69:

    a.   Kakvo se cudis koj znae koj prodava?
    what wonder-2s who knows who sells
    `What do you wonder who knows who sells?'
Example #70:

    a.   Koj kakvo ti e kazal?
    who what you has told
    `Who told you what?'
Example #71:

    a.   Zavisi ot tova, koj kogo prv e udaril.
    depends on it who whom first is hit
    `It depends on who hit whom first first.'
Example #72:

    a.   Koj kakvo na kogo dade?
    who what to whom gave
    `Who gave what to whom?'
Example #73:

    a.   Koj na kogo kavo s kakvo napisa?
    who to whom what with what wrote
    `Who wrote what to whom with what?'
Example #74:

    a.   Koj kogo na kogo kakvo ubedi da dade?
    who whom to whom what convinced to give
    `Who convinced whom to give what to whom?'
Example #75:

    a.   Koja kniga otrece senatort [mlvata ce iska da zabrani ____]?
    which book denied the-senator the ­rumor that wanted to ban
    `Which book did the seantor deny the rumor that he wanted to ban?'
Example #76:

    b.   Koj senator1 koja kniga2 otrece ____1 [mlvata ce e iska da zabrani ____2]?
    which senator which book denied the-rumor that wanted to ban
    `Which senator denied the rumor that he wanted to ban which book?'